Advanced search
1 file | 1.57 MB Add to list

Mycolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis modulate the flow of cholesterol for bacillary proliferation in murine macrophages

(2017) JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH. 58(4). p.709-718
Author
Organization
Abstract
The differentiation of macrophages into lipid-filled foam cells is a hallmark of the lung granuloma that forms in patients with active tuberculosis (TB). Mycolic acids (MAs), the abundant lipid virulence factors in the cell wall of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), can induce this foam phenotype possibly as a way to perturb host cell lipid homeostasis to support the infection. It is not exactly clear how MAs allow differentiation of foam cells during Mtb infection. Here we investigated how chemically synthetic MAs, each with a defined stereochemistry similar to natural Mtb-associated mycolates, influence cell foamy phenotype and mycobacterial proliferation in murine host macrophages. Using light and laser-scanning-confocal microscopy, we assessed the influence of MA structure first on the induction of granuloma cell types, second on intracellular cholesterol accumulation, and finally on mycobacterial growth. While methoxy-MAs (mMAs) effected multi-vacuolar giant cell formation, keto-MAs (kMAs) induced abundant intracellular lipid droplets that were packed with esterified cholesterol. Macrophages from mice treated with kMA were permissive to mycobacterial growth, whereas cells from mMA treatment were not. This suggests a separate yet key involvement of oxygenated MAs in manipulating host cell lipid homeostasis to establish the state of TB.
Keywords
CELL-ENVELOPE LIPIDS, HOST IMMUNE-RESPONSE, LIVER X RECEPTORS, MYCOLIC, ACID, SINGLE ENANTIOMERS, DEFICIENT MICE, BOVIS BCG, INFECTION, VIRULENCE, GRANULOMA, confocal microscopy, foam cell, infection, lipid droplets, liver X, receptor, mycolic acid, tuberculosis

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.57 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Vermeulen, Ilke et al. “Mycolates of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Modulate the Flow of Cholesterol for Bacillary Proliferation in Murine Macrophages.” JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH 58.4 (2017): 709–718. Print.
APA
Vermeulen, I., Baird, M., Al-Dulayymi, J., Smet, M., Verschoor, J., & Grooten, J. (2017). Mycolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis modulate the flow of cholesterol for bacillary proliferation in murine macrophages. JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH, 58(4), 709–718.
Chicago author-date
Vermeulen, Ilke, Mark Baird, Juma Al-Dulayymi, Muriel Smet, Jan Verschoor, and Johan Grooten. 2017. “Mycolates of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Modulate the Flow of Cholesterol for Bacillary Proliferation in Murine Macrophages.” Journal of Lipid Research 58 (4): 709–718.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vermeulen, Ilke, Mark Baird, Juma Al-Dulayymi, Muriel Smet, Jan Verschoor, and Johan Grooten. 2017. “Mycolates of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Modulate the Flow of Cholesterol for Bacillary Proliferation in Murine Macrophages.” Journal of Lipid Research 58 (4): 709–718.
Vancouver
1.
Vermeulen I, Baird M, Al-Dulayymi J, Smet M, Verschoor J, Grooten J. Mycolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis modulate the flow of cholesterol for bacillary proliferation in murine macrophages. JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH. 2017;58(4):709–18.
IEEE
[1]
I. Vermeulen, M. Baird, J. Al-Dulayymi, M. Smet, J. Verschoor, and J. Grooten, “Mycolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis modulate the flow of cholesterol for bacillary proliferation in murine macrophages,” JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 709–718, 2017.
@article{8522195,
  abstract     = {The differentiation of macrophages into lipid-filled foam cells is a hallmark of the lung granuloma that forms in patients with active tuberculosis (TB). Mycolic acids (MAs), the abundant lipid virulence factors in the cell wall of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), can induce this foam phenotype possibly as a way to perturb host cell lipid homeostasis to support the infection. It is not exactly clear how MAs allow differentiation of foam cells during Mtb infection. Here we investigated how chemically synthetic MAs, each with a defined stereochemistry similar to natural Mtb-associated mycolates, influence cell foamy phenotype and mycobacterial proliferation in murine host macrophages. Using light and laser-scanning-confocal microscopy, we assessed the influence of MA structure first on the induction of granuloma cell types, second on intracellular cholesterol accumulation, and finally on mycobacterial growth. While methoxy-MAs (mMAs) effected multi-vacuolar giant cell formation, keto-MAs (kMAs) induced abundant intracellular lipid droplets that were packed with esterified cholesterol. Macrophages from mice treated with kMA were permissive to mycobacterial growth, whereas cells from mMA treatment were not. This suggests a separate yet key involvement of oxygenated MAs in manipulating host cell lipid homeostasis to establish the state of TB.},
  author       = {Vermeulen, Ilke and Baird, Mark and Al-Dulayymi, Juma and Smet, Muriel and Verschoor, Jan and Grooten, Johan},
  issn         = {0022-2275},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH},
  keywords     = {CELL-ENVELOPE LIPIDS,HOST IMMUNE-RESPONSE,LIVER X RECEPTORS,MYCOLIC,ACID,SINGLE ENANTIOMERS,DEFICIENT MICE,BOVIS BCG,INFECTION,VIRULENCE,GRANULOMA,confocal microscopy,foam cell,infection,lipid droplets,liver X,receptor,mycolic acid,tuberculosis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {709--718},
  title        = {Mycolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis modulate the flow of cholesterol for bacillary proliferation in murine macrophages},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1194/jlr.M073171},
  volume       = {58},
  year         = {2017},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: