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The social and economic impact of biofortification through genetic modification

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Abstract
Genetic modification (GM) has been advocated as an alternative or complement to micronutrient interventions such as supplementation, fortification or dietary diversification. While proof-of-concept of various GM biofortified crops looks promising, the decision tree of policy makers is much more complex, and requires insight on their socio-economic impacts: Will it actually work? Is it financially sound? Will people accept it? Can it be implemented in a globalized world? This review shows that GM biofortification could effectively reduce the burden of micronutrient deficiencies, in an economically viable way, and is generally well received by target beneficiaries, despite some resistance and uncertainty. Practically, however, protectionist and/or unscientific regulations in some developed countries raise the (perceived) bar for implementation in target countries.
Keywords
WILLINGNESS-TO-PAY, EX-ANTE EVALUATION, GOLDEN-RICE, HEALTH-BENEFITS, EXPERIMENTAL AUCTIONS, MODIFIED FOOD, CONSUMER ACCEPTANCE, COST-EFFECTIVENESS, GM RICE, POTENTIAL IMPACT

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Citation

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MLA
De Steur, Hans et al. “The Social and Economic Impact of Biofortification Through Genetic Modification.” Ed. Dominique Van Der Straeten, Hans De Steur, & Teresa B Fitzpatrick. CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY 44 (2017): 161–168. Print.
APA
De Steur, H., Demont, M., Gellynck, X., & Stein, A. J. (2017). The social and economic impact of biofortification through genetic modification. (D. Van Der Straeten, H. De Steur, & T. B. Fitzpatrick, Eds.)CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY, 44, 161–168.
Chicago author-date
De Steur, Hans, Matty Demont, Xavier Gellynck, and Alexander J Stein. 2017. “The Social and Economic Impact of Biofortification Through Genetic Modification.” Ed. Dominique Van Der Straeten, Hans De Steur, and Teresa B Fitzpatrick. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 44: 161–168.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Steur, Hans, Matty Demont, Xavier Gellynck, and Alexander J Stein. 2017. “The Social and Economic Impact of Biofortification Through Genetic Modification.” Ed. Dominique Van Der Straeten, Hans De Steur, and Teresa B Fitzpatrick. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 44: 161–168.
Vancouver
1.
De Steur H, Demont M, Gellynck X, Stein AJ. The social and economic impact of biofortification through genetic modification. Van Der Straeten D, De Steur H, Fitzpatrick TB, editors. CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY. 2017;44:161–8.
IEEE
[1]
H. De Steur, M. Demont, X. Gellynck, and A. J. Stein, “The social and economic impact of biofortification through genetic modification,” CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY, vol. 44, pp. 161–168, 2017.
@article{8521494,
  abstract     = {Genetic modification (GM) has been advocated as an alternative or complement to micronutrient interventions such as supplementation, fortification or dietary diversification. While proof-of-concept of various GM biofortified crops looks promising, the decision tree of policy makers is much more complex, and requires insight on their socio-economic impacts: Will it actually work? Is it financially sound? Will people accept it? Can it be implemented in a globalized world? This review shows that GM biofortification could effectively reduce the burden of micronutrient deficiencies, in an economically viable way, and is generally well received by target beneficiaries, despite some resistance and uncertainty. Practically, however, protectionist and/or unscientific regulations in some developed countries raise the (perceived) bar for implementation in target countries.},
  author       = {De Steur, Hans and Demont, Matty and Gellynck, Xavier and Stein, Alexander J},
  editor       = {Van Der Straeten, Dominique and De Steur, Hans and Fitzpatrick, Teresa B},
  issn         = {0958-1669},
  journal      = {CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY},
  keywords     = {WILLINGNESS-TO-PAY,EX-ANTE EVALUATION,GOLDEN-RICE,HEALTH-BENEFITS,EXPERIMENTAL AUCTIONS,MODIFIED FOOD,CONSUMER ACCEPTANCE,COST-EFFECTIVENESS,GM RICE,POTENTIAL IMPACT},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {161--168},
  title        = {The social and economic impact of biofortification through genetic modification},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2017.01.012},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2017},
}

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