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GM biofortified crops : potential effects on targeting the micronutrient intake gap in human populations

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Abstract
Genetic engineerirkg has been successfully applied to increase micronutrient content in staple crops. Nutrition evidence is key to ensure scale-up and successful implementation. Unlike conventional plant breeding efforts, research on the efficacy or effectiveness of GM biofortified crops on nutritional status in human populations is lacking. This review reports on the potential role of GM biofortified crops in closing the micronutrient gap - increasing the dietary intake of micronutrients in human populations. To date, one clinical trial in the United States reported a high bio-conversion rate of beta-carotene in Golden Rice, and potential effects of GM biofortified crop consumption on dietary intake and nutritional outcomes are promising. However, further research needs to confirm the ex ante assessments in target regions.
Keywords
VITAMIN-A STATUS, ORANGE SWEET-POTATO, BETA-CAROTENE, GOLDEN-RICE, IRON, FORTIFICATION, COST-EFFECTIVENESS, RURAL MOZAMBIQUE, RANDOMIZED-TRIAL, TRANSGENIC RICE, SCHOOL-CHILDREN

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Chicago
De Steur, Hans, Saurabh Mehta, Xavier Gellynck, and Julia L Finkelstein. 2017. “GM Biofortified Crops : Potential Effects on Targeting the Micronutrient Intake Gap in Human Populations.” Ed. Dominique Van Der Straeten, Hans De Steur, and Teresa B Fitzpatrick. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 44: 181–188.
APA
De Steur, H., Mehta, S., Gellynck, X., & Finkelstein, J. L. (2017). GM biofortified crops : potential effects on targeting the micronutrient intake gap in human populations. (D. Van Der Straeten, H. De Steur, & T. B. Fitzpatrick, Eds.)CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY, 44, 181–188.
Vancouver
1.
De Steur H, Mehta S, Gellynck X, Finkelstein JL. GM biofortified crops : potential effects on targeting the micronutrient intake gap in human populations. Van Der Straeten D, De Steur H, Fitzpatrick TB, editors. CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY. 2017;44:181–8.
MLA
De Steur, Hans et al. “GM Biofortified Crops : Potential Effects on Targeting the Micronutrient Intake Gap in Human Populations.” Ed. Dominique Van Der Straeten, Hans De Steur, & Teresa B Fitzpatrick. CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY 44 (2017): 181–188. Print.
@article{8521462,
  abstract     = {Genetic engineerirkg has been successfully applied to increase micronutrient content in staple crops. Nutrition evidence is key to ensure scale-up and successful implementation. Unlike conventional plant breeding efforts, research on the efficacy or effectiveness of GM biofortified crops on nutritional status in human populations is lacking. This review reports on the potential role of GM biofortified crops in closing the micronutrient gap - increasing the dietary intake of micronutrients in human populations. To date, one clinical trial in the United States reported a high bio-conversion rate of beta-carotene in Golden Rice, and potential effects of GM biofortified crop consumption on dietary intake and nutritional outcomes are promising. However, further research needs to confirm the ex ante assessments in target regions.},
  author       = {De Steur, Hans and Mehta, Saurabh and Gellynck, Xavier and Finkelstein, Julia L},
  editor       = {Van Der Straeten, Dominique and De Steur, Hans and Fitzpatrick, Teresa B},
  issn         = {0958-1669},
  journal      = {CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY},
  keywords     = {VITAMIN-A STATUS,ORANGE SWEET-POTATO,BETA-CAROTENE,GOLDEN-RICE,IRON,FORTIFICATION,COST-EFFECTIVENESS,RURAL MOZAMBIQUE,RANDOMIZED-TRIAL,TRANSGENIC RICE,SCHOOL-CHILDREN},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {181--188},
  title        = {GM biofortified crops : potential effects on targeting the micronutrient intake gap in human populations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2017.02.003},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2017},
}

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