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Unbounded urbanization and the Horizontal Metropolis : the pragmatic program of August Mennes in the Antwerp agglomeration

Tom Broes (UGent) and Michiel Dehaene (UGent)
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Abstract
Parallel to many discussions in other European cities, the debate on a metropolitan Antwerp emerged at the turn of the 20th century, following the decision to tear down the old ramparts around the city in 1904. Once boundless, the old core became for the first time the subject of a contiguous urban expansion at its very fringes. Soon, however, far more loose urbanization processes would wash over the land as the urban territories rapidly expanded beyond what was at first imagined. By consequence, the face of the future Antwerp metropolis would be shaped by a series of interlocking and unbounded urbanization processes. Tracing the interrelated endeavors of the key parties that helped shaping these urbanization processes, ranging from property tycoons, technocrats and architects to key figures in the political world, my PhD research aims at rendering the contours of a long history of the construction of Antwerp’s twentieth century belt within which the notions of urbanism and urbanization are blurred. Through an eclectic catalogue of five ‘urban questions’, this paper investigates the various ways in which the process of territorial rescaling set in motion in 1904 coproduced the features of today’s horizontal metropolis. Based on the activities of engineer August Mennes, the paper will try to conclude that the Antwerp Horizontal Metropolis surfaced as the result of a juxtaposition of urbanization techniques that question and transcend the interpretation of ‘urbanization’ as a process of random and speculative accumulation.
Keywords
Urbanization, Urban Engineering, Urban Questions

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MLA
Broes, Tom, and Michiel Dehaene. “Unbounded Urbanization and the Horizontal Metropolis : the Pragmatic Program of August Mennes in the Antwerp Agglomeration.” The Horizontal Metropolis: A Radical Project. Ed. Martina Barcelloni & Chiara Cavalieri. 2015. 483–495. Print.
APA
Broes, T., & Dehaene, M. (2015). Unbounded urbanization and the Horizontal Metropolis : the pragmatic program of August Mennes in the Antwerp agglomeration. In M. Barcelloni & C. Cavalieri (Eds.), THE HORIZONTAL METROPOLIS: A RADICAL PROJECT (pp. 483–495). Presented at the VIII INTERNATIONAL PHD SEMINAR “URBANISM & URBANIZATION” | SYMPOSIUM LATSIS EPFL 2015.
Chicago author-date
Broes, Tom, and Michiel Dehaene. 2015. “Unbounded Urbanization and the Horizontal Metropolis : the Pragmatic Program of August Mennes in the Antwerp Agglomeration.” In The Horizontal Metropolis: A Radical Project, ed. Martina Barcelloni and Chiara Cavalieri, 483–495.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Broes, Tom, and Michiel Dehaene. 2015. “Unbounded Urbanization and the Horizontal Metropolis : the Pragmatic Program of August Mennes in the Antwerp Agglomeration.” In The Horizontal Metropolis: A Radical Project, ed. Martina Barcelloni and Chiara Cavalieri, 483–495.
Vancouver
1.
Broes T, Dehaene M. Unbounded urbanization and the Horizontal Metropolis : the pragmatic program of August Mennes in the Antwerp agglomeration. In: Barcelloni M, Cavalieri C, editors. THE HORIZONTAL METROPOLIS: A RADICAL PROJECT. 2015. p. 483–95.
IEEE
[1]
T. Broes and M. Dehaene, “Unbounded urbanization and the Horizontal Metropolis : the pragmatic program of August Mennes in the Antwerp agglomeration,” in THE HORIZONTAL METROPOLIS: A RADICAL PROJECT, Lausanne, 2015, pp. 483–495.
@inproceedings{8521324,
  abstract     = {Parallel to many discussions in other European cities, the debate on a metropolitan Antwerp emerged at the turn of the 20th century, following the decision to tear down the old ramparts around the city in 1904. Once boundless, the old core became for the first time the subject of a contiguous urban expansion at its very fringes. Soon, however, far more loose urbanization processes would wash over the land as the urban territories rapidly expanded beyond what was at first imagined. By consequence, the face of the future Antwerp metropolis would be shaped by a series of interlocking and unbounded urbanization processes. Tracing the interrelated endeavors of the key parties that helped shaping these urbanization processes, ranging from property tycoons, technocrats and architects to key figures in the political world, my PhD research aims at rendering the contours of a long history of the construction of Antwerp’s twentieth century belt within which the notions of urbanism and urbanization are blurred. Through an eclectic catalogue of five ‘urban questions’, this paper investigates the various ways in which the process of territorial rescaling set in motion in 1904 coproduced the features of today’s horizontal metropolis. Based on the activities of engineer August Mennes, the paper will try to conclude that the Antwerp Horizontal Metropolis surfaced as the result
of a juxtaposition of urbanization techniques that question and transcend the interpretation of ‘urbanization’ as a process of random and speculative accumulation.},
  author       = {Broes, Tom and Dehaene, Michiel},
  booktitle    = {THE HORIZONTAL METROPOLIS: A RADICAL PROJECT},
  editor       = {Barcelloni, Martina and Cavalieri, Chiara},
  isbn         = {978-2-8399-1747-6},
  keywords     = {Urbanization,Urban Engineering,Urban Questions},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Lausanne},
  pages        = {483--495},
  title        = {Unbounded urbanization and the Horizontal Metropolis : the pragmatic program of August Mennes in the Antwerp agglomeration},
  year         = {2015},
}