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Simultaneous quantification of depolymerization and mineralization rates by a novel 15N tracing model

(2016) SOIL. 2(3). p.433-442
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Abstract
The depolymerization of soil organic matter, such as proteins and (oligo-)peptides, into monomers (e.g. amino acids) is currently considered to be the rate-limiting step for nitrogen (N) availability in terrestrial ecosystems. The mineralization of free amino acids (FAAs), liberated by the depolymerization of peptides, is an important fraction of the total mineralization of organic N. Hence, the accurate assessment of peptide depolymerization and FAA mineralization rates is important in order to gain a better process-based understanding of the soil N cycle. In this paper, we present an extended numerical 15N tracing model Ntrace, which incorporates the FAA pool and related N processes in order to provide a more robust and simultaneous quantification of depolymerization and gross mineralization rates of FAAs and soil organic N. We discuss analytical and numerical approaches for two forest soils, suggest improvements of the experimental work for future studies, and conclude that (i) when about half of all depolymerized peptide N is directly mineralized, FAA mineralization can be as important a rate-limiting step for total gross N mineralization as peptide depolymerization rate; (ii) gross FAA mineralization and FAA immobilization rates can be used to develop FAA use efficiency (NUEFAA), which can reveal microbial N or carbon (C) limitation.

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Chicago
Andresen, Louise C, Anna-Karin Björsne, Samuel Bodé, Leif Klemedtsson, Pascal Boeckx, and Tobias Rütting. 2016. “Simultaneous Quantification of Depolymerization and Mineralization Rates by a Novel 15N Tracing Model.” Soil 2 (3): 433–442.
APA
Andresen, L. C., Björsne, A.-K., Bodé, S., Klemedtsson, L., Boeckx, P., & Rütting, T. (2016). Simultaneous quantification of depolymerization and mineralization rates by a novel 15N tracing model. SOIL, 2(3), 433–442.
Vancouver
1.
Andresen LC, Björsne A-K, Bodé S, Klemedtsson L, Boeckx P, Rütting T. Simultaneous quantification of depolymerization and mineralization rates by a novel 15N tracing model. SOIL. 2016;2(3):433–42.
MLA
Andresen, Louise C, Anna-Karin Björsne, Samuel Bodé, et al. “Simultaneous Quantification of Depolymerization and Mineralization Rates by a Novel 15N Tracing Model.” SOIL 2.3 (2016): 433–442. Print.
@article{8520928,
  abstract     = {The depolymerization of soil organic matter, such as proteins and (oligo-)peptides, into monomers (e.g. amino acids) is currently considered to be the rate-limiting step for nitrogen (N) availability in terrestrial ecosystems. The mineralization of free amino acids (FAAs), liberated by the depolymerization of peptides, is an important fraction of the total mineralization of organic N. Hence, the accurate assessment of peptide depolymerization and FAA mineralization rates is important in order to gain a better process-based understanding of the soil N cycle. In this paper, we present an extended numerical 15N tracing model Ntrace, which incorporates the FAA pool and related N processes in order to provide a more robust and simultaneous quantification of depolymerization and gross mineralization rates of FAAs and soil organic N. We discuss analytical and numerical approaches for two forest soils, suggest improvements of the experimental work for future studies, and conclude that (i) when about half of all depolymerized peptide N is directly mineralized, FAA mineralization can be as important a rate-limiting step for total gross N mineralization as peptide depolymerization rate; (ii) gross FAA mineralization and FAA immobilization rates can be used to develop FAA use efficiency (NUEFAA), which can reveal microbial N or carbon (C) limitation.},
  author       = {Andresen, Louise C and Bj{\"o}rsne, Anna-Karin and Bod{\'e}, Samuel and Klemedtsson, Leif and Boeckx, Pascal and R{\"u}tting, Tobias},
  issn         = {2199-3971},
  journal      = {SOIL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {433--442},
  title        = {Simultaneous quantification of depolymerization and mineralization rates by a novel 15N tracing model},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/soil-2-433-2016},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2016},
}

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