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Multibehavioural interventions with a focus on specific energy balance-related behaviours can affect diet quality in preschoolers from six European countries : the ToyBox-study

(2017) NUTRIENTS. 9(5).
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Abstract
The present study aimed to examine whether a multibehavioural intervention with a focus on specific energy balance-related behaviours can affect total diet quality and its four subcomponents in European preschoolers and to investigate if these intervention effects differed by socioeconomic status (SES). Parents/caregivers of 3.5 to 5.5 year-olds (n = 4968) recruited through kindergartens in six European countries within the ToyBox-study completed questionnaires on socio-demographics and a food frequency questionnaire on their preschoolers' diet. To assess intervention effects and differences by SES, multilevel repeated measures analyses were conducted. In contrast to no significant difference in total diet quality, in both the intervention and control group, the dietary quality and dietary equilibrium increased, with a larger increase in the intervention group (mean difference (quality): + 3.4%; mean difference (equilibrium): +0.9%) compared to the control group ((quality): + 1.5%; (equilibrium): + 0.2%). SES was not a significant moderator for intervention effects on total diet quality, nor for the four subcomponents. This study indicates that multibehavioural interventions with a focus on specific energy balance-related behaviours in preschoolers not only affect those targeted behaviours, but can also have more generalized effects. The ToyBox-intervention effects were similar for both lower and high SES preschoolers.
Keywords
physical activity & health, young children, diet quality, ToyBox-study, multibehavioural intervention, socioeconomic status, FAMILY-INVOLVED INTERVENTION, PREVENT OBESITY, SOCIOECONOMIC POSITION, EARLY-CHILDHOOD, CHILDREN, HEALTH, INDEX, ADOLESCENTS, NUTRIENT, REPRODUCIBILITY

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MLA
Pinket, An-Sofie et al. “Multibehavioural Interventions with a Focus on Specific Energy Balance-related Behaviours Can Affect Diet Quality in Preschoolers from Six European Countries : the ToyBox-study.” NUTRIENTS 9.5 (2017): n. pag. Print.
APA
Pinket, A.-S., De Craemer, M., Huybrechts, I., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Deforche, B., Cardon, G., Androutsos, O., et al. (2017). Multibehavioural interventions with a focus on specific energy balance-related behaviours can affect diet quality in preschoolers from six European countries : the ToyBox-study. NUTRIENTS, 9(5).
Chicago author-date
Pinket, An-Sofie, Marieke De Craemer, Inge Huybrechts, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Benedicte Deforche, Greet Cardon, Odysseas Androutsos, et al. 2017. “Multibehavioural Interventions with a Focus on Specific Energy Balance-related Behaviours Can Affect Diet Quality in Preschoolers from Six European Countries : the ToyBox-study.” Nutrients 9 (5).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Pinket, An-Sofie, Marieke De Craemer, Inge Huybrechts, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Benedicte Deforche, Greet Cardon, Odysseas Androutsos, Berthold Koletzko, Luis Moreno, Piotr Socha, Violeta Iotova, Yannis Manios, and Wendy Van Lippevelde. 2017. “Multibehavioural Interventions with a Focus on Specific Energy Balance-related Behaviours Can Affect Diet Quality in Preschoolers from Six European Countries : the ToyBox-study.” Nutrients 9 (5).
Vancouver
1.
Pinket A-S, De Craemer M, Huybrechts I, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Deforche B, Cardon G, et al. Multibehavioural interventions with a focus on specific energy balance-related behaviours can affect diet quality in preschoolers from six European countries : the ToyBox-study. NUTRIENTS. 2017;9(5).
IEEE
[1]
A.-S. Pinket et al., “Multibehavioural interventions with a focus on specific energy balance-related behaviours can affect diet quality in preschoolers from six European countries : the ToyBox-study,” NUTRIENTS, vol. 9, no. 5, 2017.
@article{8520745,
  abstract     = {The present study aimed to examine whether a multibehavioural intervention with a focus on specific energy balance-related behaviours can affect total diet quality and its four subcomponents in European preschoolers and to investigate if these intervention effects differed by socioeconomic status (SES). Parents/caregivers of 3.5 to 5.5 year-olds (n = 4968) recruited through kindergartens in six European countries within the ToyBox-study completed questionnaires on socio-demographics and a food frequency questionnaire on their preschoolers' diet. To assess intervention effects and differences by SES, multilevel repeated measures analyses were conducted. In contrast to no significant difference in total diet quality, in both the intervention and control group, the dietary quality and dietary equilibrium increased, with a larger increase in the intervention group (mean difference (quality): + 3.4%; mean difference (equilibrium): +0.9%) compared to the control group ((quality): + 1.5%; (equilibrium): + 0.2%). SES was not a significant moderator for intervention effects on total diet quality, nor for the four subcomponents. This study indicates that multibehavioural interventions with a focus on specific energy balance-related behaviours in preschoolers not only affect those targeted behaviours, but can also have more generalized effects. The ToyBox-intervention effects were similar for both lower and high SES preschoolers.},
  articleno    = {479},
  author       = {Pinket, An-Sofie and De Craemer, Marieke and Huybrechts, Inge and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Deforche, Benedicte and Cardon, Greet and Androutsos, Odysseas and Koletzko, Berthold and Moreno, Luis and Socha, Piotr and Iotova, Violeta and Manios, Yannis and Van Lippevelde, Wendy},
  issn         = {2072-6643},
  journal      = {NUTRIENTS},
  keywords     = {physical activity & health,young children,diet quality,ToyBox-study,multibehavioural intervention,socioeconomic status,FAMILY-INVOLVED INTERVENTION,PREVENT OBESITY,SOCIOECONOMIC POSITION,EARLY-CHILDHOOD,CHILDREN,HEALTH,INDEX,ADOLESCENTS,NUTRIENT,REPRODUCIBILITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {16},
  title        = {Multibehavioural interventions with a focus on specific energy balance-related behaviours can affect diet quality in preschoolers from six European countries : the ToyBox-study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu9050479},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2017},
}

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