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Spatial organization of macroinvertebrate assemblages in the Lower Mekong Basin

Ratha Sor (UGent) , Pieter Boets (UGent) , Ratha Chea, Peter Goethals (UGent) and Sovan Lek
(2017) LIMNOLOGICA. 64. p.20-30
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Abstract
In this study, we investigated patterns of spatial variation in macroinvertebrate assemblages in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) and examined their relationship with environmental factors. Cluster analysis was used to group macroinvertebrate samples and Linear Discriminant Analysis was performed to discriminate the major factors associated with the macroinvertebrate assemblages. Four clusters could be distinguished based on the dissimilarity between macroinvertebrate assemblages. The assemblages related to the tributaries and the upstream parts (cluster II) were characterized by a lower richness, abundance, diversity and a lower number of indicator taxa compared to the assemblage found downstream in the Mekong delta (cluster I). Aquatic insects and their indicator taxa (e.g. Caenodes sp., Dipseudopsis sp. and Gomphidae sp.), preferring a high-altitude environment with a high dissolved oxygen concentration and a high density of wood/shrub and evergreen forests, were the most predominant group in the assemblages occupying the tributaries and the upstream parts (cluster IIa). The assemblage found in the delta, consisting largely of molluscs and a moderate richness and abundance of worms, crustaceans and dipteran insects, was mainly represented by Corbicula leviuscula and C. moreletiana (molluscs), Namalycastis longicirris and Chaetogaster langi (worms), Corophium minutum and Grandidierella lignorum (crustaceans), and Cricotopus sp. and Clinotanypus sp. (dipteran insects). This assemblage was associated with a large watershed surface area, deep and wide rivers and a high water temperature. The intermediate assemblage (cluster IIb1) in-between could be discriminated based on land cover types including inundated, wetland and agricultural land, and was represented most by molluscs. Strikingly, the assemblage occupying the upstream parts (cluster IIa), which is related to intensified agriculture and a moderate conductivity, was characterized by a higher macroinvertebrate diversity compared to the mountainous and less impacted tributaries. This could mean that the natural stress is high in these systems for some taxa, leading to a lower overall taxonomic richness and abundance. Nevertheless, the number of taxa and the diversity of macroinvertebrates remained relatively high across the basin, especially in the delta assemblage. Therefore, the LMB deserves a particular attention for conservation.
Keywords
Spatial patterns, Indicator species, Land cover, Watershed surface area, River ecology, Biodiversity hotspot, RIVER CONTINUUM CONCEPT, FRESH-WATER ECOSYSTEMS, COMMUNITY STRUCTURE, LAND-USE, ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES, GLOBAL DIVERSITY, BETA-DIVERSITY, STREAM, BIODIVERSITY, PATTERNS

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Citation

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MLA
Sor, Ratha et al. “Spatial Organization of Macroinvertebrate Assemblages in the Lower Mekong Basin.” LIMNOLOGICA 64 (2017): 20–30. Print.
APA
Sor, R., Boets, P., Chea, R., Goethals, P., & Lek, S. (2017). Spatial organization of macroinvertebrate assemblages in the Lower Mekong Basin. LIMNOLOGICA, 64, 20–30.
Chicago author-date
Sor, Ratha, Pieter Boets, Ratha Chea, Peter Goethals, and Sovan Lek. 2017. “Spatial Organization of Macroinvertebrate Assemblages in the Lower Mekong Basin.” Limnologica 64: 20–30.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Sor, Ratha, Pieter Boets, Ratha Chea, Peter Goethals, and Sovan Lek. 2017. “Spatial Organization of Macroinvertebrate Assemblages in the Lower Mekong Basin.” Limnologica 64: 20–30.
Vancouver
1.
Sor R, Boets P, Chea R, Goethals P, Lek S. Spatial organization of macroinvertebrate assemblages in the Lower Mekong Basin. LIMNOLOGICA. 2017;64:20–30.
IEEE
[1]
R. Sor, P. Boets, R. Chea, P. Goethals, and S. Lek, “Spatial organization of macroinvertebrate assemblages in the Lower Mekong Basin,” LIMNOLOGICA, vol. 64, pp. 20–30, 2017.
@article{8519116,
  abstract     = {In this study, we investigated patterns of spatial variation in macroinvertebrate assemblages in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) and examined their relationship with environmental factors. Cluster analysis was used to group macroinvertebrate samples and Linear Discriminant Analysis was performed to discriminate the major factors associated with the macroinvertebrate assemblages. Four clusters could be distinguished based on the dissimilarity between macroinvertebrate assemblages. The assemblages related to the tributaries and the upstream parts (cluster II) were characterized by a lower richness, abundance, diversity and a lower number of indicator taxa compared to the assemblage found downstream in the Mekong delta (cluster I). Aquatic insects and their indicator taxa (e.g. Caenodes sp., Dipseudopsis sp. and Gomphidae sp.), preferring a high-altitude environment with a high dissolved oxygen concentration and a high density of wood/shrub and evergreen forests, were the most predominant group in the assemblages occupying the tributaries and the upstream parts (cluster IIa). The assemblage found in the delta, consisting largely of molluscs and a moderate richness and abundance of worms, crustaceans and dipteran insects, was mainly represented by Corbicula leviuscula and C. moreletiana (molluscs), Namalycastis longicirris and Chaetogaster langi (worms), Corophium minutum and Grandidierella lignorum (crustaceans), and Cricotopus sp. and Clinotanypus sp. (dipteran insects). This assemblage was associated with a large watershed surface area, deep and wide rivers and a high water temperature. The intermediate assemblage (cluster IIb1) in-between could be discriminated based on land cover types including inundated, wetland and agricultural land, and was represented most by molluscs. Strikingly, the assemblage occupying the upstream parts (cluster IIa), which is related to intensified agriculture and a moderate conductivity, was characterized by a higher macroinvertebrate diversity compared to the mountainous and less impacted tributaries. This could mean that the natural stress is high in these systems for some taxa, leading to a lower overall taxonomic richness and abundance. Nevertheless, the number of taxa and the diversity of macroinvertebrates remained relatively high across the basin, especially in the delta assemblage. Therefore, the LMB deserves a particular attention for conservation.},
  author       = {Sor, Ratha and Boets, Pieter and Chea, Ratha and Goethals, Peter and Lek, Sovan},
  issn         = {0075-9511},
  journal      = {LIMNOLOGICA},
  keywords     = {Spatial patterns,Indicator species,Land cover,Watershed surface area,River ecology,Biodiversity hotspot,RIVER CONTINUUM CONCEPT,FRESH-WATER ECOSYSTEMS,COMMUNITY STRUCTURE,LAND-USE,ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES,GLOBAL DIVERSITY,BETA-DIVERSITY,STREAM,BIODIVERSITY,PATTERNS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {20--30},
  title        = {Spatial organization of macroinvertebrate assemblages in the Lower Mekong Basin},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.limno.2017.04.001},
  volume       = {64},
  year         = {2017},
}

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