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The personal viewpoint on the meaning of tranquility affects the appraisal of the urban park soundscape

Karlo Filipan UGent, Michiel Boes, Bert De Coensel UGent, Catherine Lavandier, Pauline Delaitre, Hrvoje Domitrovic and Dick Botteldooren UGent (2017) APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL. 7(1).
abstract
Previous research has shown that tranquil areas in the city, such as urban parks, are usually perceived as positive and have a restorative effect on visitors. However, visitors could experience these spaces differently depending on the meaning they assign to the concept of tranquility. To investigate how individuals' personal views on tranquility affect their perception of the sonic environment, a soundscape study was conducted in several city parks in Antwerp, Belgium. Mobile sound measurements were combined with a questionnaire survey amongst 660 park visitors. Within the survey, the participants' viewpoint on tranquility was evaluated using their agreement with a set of previously established prototypical statements, categorizing them into one out of three main tranquility viewpoint groups: people that associate tranquility with silence, those that associate it with hearing natural sounds, or those that associate it with social relationships. Next to this, the sounds that participants had heard during their visit were noted, and their perception of the overall quality of the soundscape and the degree to which it matched their expectation were assessed. Results show that the park visitors who associate tranquility with natural sounds or to silence are more often found amongst those that report hearing mechanical sounds a lot. The same groups of visitors rate the overall quality of the sonic environment of the park more often bad to very bad. These findings suggest that park visitors pay attention more to the sounds they do not expect to hear, and that the higher their expectations about the soundscape, the more critical they become in their appraisal of the soundscape.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
QUIET AREAS, PERCEPTION, SOUNDWALKS, QUALITY, MODEL, soundscape, tranquil areas, urban parks, personal viewpoint
journal title
APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL
Appl. Sci.-Basel
volume
7
issue
1
article number
91
pages
16 pages
publisher
Mdpi Ag
place of publication
Basel
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000395485900088
ISSN
2076-3417
DOI
10.3390/app7010091
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
8518150
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8518150
date created
2017-04-20 08:07:59
date last changed
2017-05-02 07:19:39
@article{8518150,
  abstract     = {Previous research has shown that tranquil areas in the city, such as urban parks, are usually perceived as positive and have a restorative effect on visitors. However, visitors could experience these spaces differently depending on the meaning they assign to the concept of tranquility. To investigate how individuals' personal views on tranquility affect their perception of the sonic environment, a soundscape study was conducted in several city parks in Antwerp, Belgium. Mobile sound measurements were combined with a questionnaire survey amongst 660 park visitors. Within the survey, the participants' viewpoint on tranquility was evaluated using their agreement with a set of previously established prototypical statements, categorizing them into one out of three main tranquility viewpoint groups: people that associate tranquility with silence, those that associate it with hearing natural sounds, or those that associate it with social relationships. Next to this, the sounds that participants had heard during their visit were noted, and their perception of the overall quality of the soundscape and the degree to which it matched their expectation were assessed. Results show that the park visitors who associate tranquility with natural sounds or to silence are more often found amongst those that report hearing mechanical sounds a lot. The same groups of visitors rate the overall quality of the sonic environment of the park more often bad to very bad. These findings suggest that park visitors pay attention more to the sounds they do not expect to hear, and that the higher their expectations about the soundscape, the more critical they become in their appraisal of the soundscape.},
  articleno    = {91},
  author       = {Filipan, Karlo and Boes, Michiel and De Coensel, Bert and Lavandier, Catherine and Delaitre, Pauline and Domitrovic, Hrvoje and Botteldooren, Dick},
  issn         = {2076-3417},
  journal      = {APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL},
  keyword      = {QUIET AREAS,PERCEPTION,SOUNDWALKS,QUALITY,MODEL,soundscape,tranquil areas,urban parks,personal viewpoint},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {16},
  publisher    = {Mdpi Ag},
  title        = {The personal viewpoint on the meaning of tranquility affects the appraisal of the urban park soundscape},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/app7010091},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2017},
}

Chicago
Filipan, Karlo, Michiel Boes, Bert De Coensel, Catherine Lavandier, Pauline Delaitre, Hrvoje Domitrovic, and Dick Botteldooren. 2017. “The Personal Viewpoint on the Meaning of Tranquility Affects the Appraisal of the Urban Park Soundscape.” Applied Sciences-basel 7 (1).
APA
Filipan, K., Boes, M., De Coensel, B., Lavandier, C., Delaitre, P., Domitrovic, H., & Botteldooren, D. (2017). The personal viewpoint on the meaning of tranquility affects the appraisal of the urban park soundscape. APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, 7(1).
Vancouver
1.
Filipan K, Boes M, De Coensel B, Lavandier C, Delaitre P, Domitrovic H, et al. The personal viewpoint on the meaning of tranquility affects the appraisal of the urban park soundscape. APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL. Basel: Mdpi Ag; 2017;7(1).
MLA
Filipan, Karlo, Michiel Boes, Bert De Coensel, et al. “The Personal Viewpoint on the Meaning of Tranquility Affects the Appraisal of the Urban Park Soundscape.” APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL 7.1 (2017): n. pag. Print.