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Do private sustainability standards contribute to income growth and poverty alleviation? : a comparison of different coffee certification schemes in Ethiopia

(2017) SUSTAINABILITY. 9(2).
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Abstract
Private sustainability standards are increasingly important in food trade with developing countries, but the implications for smallholder farmers are still poorly understood. We analyze the implications of different coffee certification schemes in Ethiopia using cross-sectional survey data, and regression and propensity-score-matching techniques. We find that: Rainforest Alliance (RA) and double Fairtrade-Organic (FT-Org) certifications are associated with higher incomes and reduced poverty, mainly because of higher prices; Fairtrade (FT) certification hardly affects welfare; and Organic (Org) certification reduces incomes, chiefly due to lower yields. Cooperative heterogeneity importantly shapes these results. Results imply that private standards may not always deliver what they promise to consumers.
Keywords
private standards, sustainability standards, global value chains, coffee certification, poverty impact, Ethiopia, FAIR TRADE CERTIFICATION, PROPENSITY SCORE, DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES, NORTHERN NICARAGUA, RURAL LIVELIHOODS, FAIRTRADE COFFEE, FOOD STANDARDS, ORGANIC COFFEE, IMPACT, COOPERATIVES

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Mitiku, Fikadu et al. “Do Private Sustainability Standards Contribute to Income Growth and Poverty Alleviation? : a Comparison of Different Coffee Certification Schemes in Ethiopia.” SUSTAINABILITY 9.2 (2017): n. pag. Print.
APA
Mitiku, F., de Mey, Y., Nyssen, J., & Maertens, M. (2017). Do private sustainability standards contribute to income growth and poverty alleviation? : a comparison of different coffee certification schemes in Ethiopia. SUSTAINABILITY, 9(2).
Chicago author-date
Mitiku, Fikadu, Yann de Mey, Jan Nyssen, and Miet Maertens. 2017. “Do Private Sustainability Standards Contribute to Income Growth and Poverty Alleviation? : a Comparison of Different Coffee Certification Schemes in Ethiopia.” Sustainability 9 (2).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Mitiku, Fikadu, Yann de Mey, Jan Nyssen, and Miet Maertens. 2017. “Do Private Sustainability Standards Contribute to Income Growth and Poverty Alleviation? : a Comparison of Different Coffee Certification Schemes in Ethiopia.” Sustainability 9 (2).
Vancouver
1.
Mitiku F, de Mey Y, Nyssen J, Maertens M. Do private sustainability standards contribute to income growth and poverty alleviation? : a comparison of different coffee certification schemes in Ethiopia. SUSTAINABILITY. 2017;9(2).
IEEE
[1]
F. Mitiku, Y. de Mey, J. Nyssen, and M. Maertens, “Do private sustainability standards contribute to income growth and poverty alleviation? : a comparison of different coffee certification schemes in Ethiopia,” SUSTAINABILITY, vol. 9, no. 2, 2017.
@article{8517168,
  abstract     = {Private sustainability standards are increasingly important in food trade with developing countries, but the implications for smallholder farmers are still poorly understood. We analyze the implications of different coffee certification schemes in Ethiopia using cross-sectional survey data, and regression and propensity-score-matching techniques. We find that: Rainforest Alliance (RA) and double Fairtrade-Organic (FT-Org) certifications are associated with higher incomes and reduced poverty, mainly because of higher prices; Fairtrade (FT) certification hardly affects welfare; and Organic (Org) certification reduces incomes, chiefly due to lower yields. Cooperative heterogeneity importantly shapes these results. Results imply that private standards may not always deliver what they promise to consumers.},
  articleno    = {246},
  author       = {Mitiku, Fikadu and de Mey, Yann and Nyssen, Jan and Maertens, Miet},
  issn         = {2071-1050},
  journal      = {SUSTAINABILITY},
  keywords     = {private standards,sustainability standards,global value chains,coffee certification,poverty impact,Ethiopia,FAIR TRADE CERTIFICATION,PROPENSITY SCORE,DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES,NORTHERN NICARAGUA,RURAL LIVELIHOODS,FAIRTRADE COFFEE,FOOD STANDARDS,ORGANIC COFFEE,IMPACT,COOPERATIVES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {21},
  title        = {Do private sustainability standards contribute to income growth and poverty alleviation? : a comparison of different coffee certification schemes in Ethiopia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su9020246},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2017},
}

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