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Fat tissue accretion in children and adolescents : interplay between food responsiveness, gender, and the home availability of snacks

Annelies De Decker (UGent) , Sandra Verbeken (UGent) , Isabelle Sioen (UGent) , Ellen Moens (UGent) , Caroline Braet (UGent) and Stefaan De Henauw (UGent)
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Abstract
The appetitive trait "food responsiveness" is assumed to be a risk factor for adiposity gain primarily in obesogenic environments. So far, the reported results are inconsistent in school-aged children, possibly because these studies did not take into account important moderators such as gender and the food-environment. In order to better inform caregivers, clinicians and the developers of targeted obesity-prevention interventions on the conditions in which food responsiveness precedes adiposity gain, the current study investigated if this relationship is stronger in girls and in children exposed to a higher home availability of energy-dense snacks. Age- and sex-independent Fat and Lean Mass Index z-scores were computed based on air-displacement plethysmography at baseline and after 2 years in a community sample of 129 children (48.8% boys) aged 7.5-14 years at baseline. Parents reported at baseline on children's food responsiveness and the home availability of energy-dense snacks. Food responsiveness was a significant predictor of increases in Fat Mass Index z-scores over 2 years in girls but not boys. The home availability of energy-dense snacks did not significantly moderate the relation of food responsiveness with Fat Mass Index z-score changes. The results suggest that food responsiveness precedes accelerated fat tissue accretion in girls, and may inform targeted obesity-prevention interventions. Further, future research should investigate to which food-environmental parameters children high in food responsiveness mainly respond.
Keywords
feeding behavior, snacks, home availability, child, adiposity, food responsiveness, BODY-MASS INDEX, EATING BEHAVIOR QUESTIONNAIRE, EARLY FEEDING INTERVENTION, OBESE CHILDREN, SEX-DIFFERENCES, NOURISH RCT, OVERWEIGHT, ASSOCIATIONS, DIETARY, WEIGHT

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Chicago
De Decker, Annelies, Sandra Verbeken, Isabelle Sioen, Ellen Moens, Caroline Braet, and Stefaan De Henauw. 2017. “Fat Tissue Accretion in Children and Adolescents : Interplay Between Food Responsiveness, Gender, and the Home Availability of Snacks.” Frontiers in Psychology 7.
APA
De Decker, A., Verbeken, S., Sioen, I., Moens, E., Braet, C., & De Henauw, S. (2017). Fat tissue accretion in children and adolescents : interplay between food responsiveness, gender, and the home availability of snacks. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 7.
Vancouver
1.
De Decker A, Verbeken S, Sioen I, Moens E, Braet C, De Henauw S. Fat tissue accretion in children and adolescents : interplay between food responsiveness, gender, and the home availability of snacks. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. 2017;7.
MLA
De Decker, Annelies, Sandra Verbeken, Isabelle Sioen, et al. “Fat Tissue Accretion in Children and Adolescents : Interplay Between Food Responsiveness, Gender, and the Home Availability of Snacks.” FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 7 (2017): n. pag. Print.
@article{8515810,
  abstract     = {The appetitive trait {\textacutedbl}food responsiveness{\textacutedbl} is assumed to be a risk factor for adiposity gain primarily in obesogenic environments. So far, the reported results are inconsistent in school-aged children, possibly because these studies did not take into account important moderators such as gender and the food-environment. In order to better inform caregivers, clinicians and the developers of targeted obesity-prevention interventions on the conditions in which food responsiveness precedes adiposity gain, the current study investigated if this relationship is stronger in girls and in children exposed to a higher home availability of energy-dense snacks. Age- and sex-independent Fat and Lean Mass Index z-scores were computed based on air-displacement plethysmography at baseline and after 2 years in a community sample of 129 children (48.8\% boys) aged 7.5-14 years at baseline. Parents reported at baseline on children's food responsiveness and the home availability of energy-dense snacks. Food responsiveness was a significant predictor of increases in Fat Mass Index z-scores over 2 years in girls but not boys. The home availability of energy-dense snacks did not significantly moderate the relation of food responsiveness with Fat Mass Index z-score changes. The results suggest that food responsiveness precedes accelerated fat tissue accretion in girls, and may inform targeted obesity-prevention interventions. Further, future research should investigate to which food-environmental parameters children high in food responsiveness mainly respond.},
  articleno    = {2041},
  author       = {De Decker, Annelies and Verbeken, Sandra and Sioen, Isabelle and Moens, Ellen and Braet, Caroline and De Henauw, Stefaan},
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  journal      = {FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {8},
  title        = {Fat tissue accretion in children and adolescents : interplay between food responsiveness, gender, and the home availability of snacks},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.02041},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2017},
}

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