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Net primary production and carbon stocks for subarctic mesic-dry tundras with contasting microtopography, altitude, and dominant species

(2009) ECOSYSTEMS. 12(5). p.760-776
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Abstract
Mesic-dry tundras are widespread in the Arctic but detailed assessments of net primary production (NPP) and ecosystem carbon (C) stocks are lacking. We addressed this lack of knowledge by determining the seasonal dynamics of aboveground vascular NPP, annual NPP, and whole-ecosystem C stocks in five mesic-dry tundras in Northern Sweden with contrasting microtopography, altitude, and dominant species. Those measurements were paralleled by the stock assessments of nitrogen (N), the limiting nutrient. The vascular production was determined by harvest or in situ growing units, whereas the nonvascular production was obtained from average species growth rates, previously assessed at the sites. Results showed that aboveground vascular NPP (15-270 g m(-2)), annual NPP (214-282 g m(-2) or 102-137 g C m(-2)) and vegetation biomass (330-2450 g m(-2)) varied greatly among communities. Vegetation dominated by Empetrum hermaphroditum is more productive than Cassiope tetragona vegetation. Although the large majority of the apical NPP occurred in early-mid season (85%), production of stems and evergreen leaves proceeded until about 2 weeks before senescence. Most of the vascular vegetation was belowground (80%), whereas most of the vegetation production occurred aboveground (85%). Ecosystem C and N stocks were 2100-8200 g C m(-2) and 80-330 g N m(-2), respectively, stored mainly in the soil turf and in the fine organic soil. Such stocks are comparable to the C and N stocks of moister tundra types, such as tussock tundra.
Keywords
northern Sweden, ORGANIC-MATTER, FINE-ROOT PRODUCTION, CASSIOPE-TETRAGONA, ecosystem C cycling, carbon and nitrogen stocks, vegetation biomass, annual production, seasonal plant growth, heath, DWARF-SHRUB, ENVIRONMENTAL PERTURBATIONS, TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS, VEGETATION TYPES, CLIMATIC-CHANGE, GROWING-SEASON, GLOBAL CHANGE

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Citation

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Chicago
Campioli, Matteo, Anders Michelsen, Andreas Demey, Annemie Vermeulen, Roeland Samson, and Raoul Lemeur. 2009. “Net Primary Production and Carbon Stocks for Subarctic Mesic-dry Tundras with Contasting Microtopography, Altitude, and Dominant Species.” Ecosystems 12 (5): 760–776.
APA
Campioli, M., Michelsen, A., Demey, A., Vermeulen, A., Samson, R., & Lemeur, R. (2009). Net primary production and carbon stocks for subarctic mesic-dry tundras with contasting microtopography, altitude, and dominant species. ECOSYSTEMS, 12(5), 760–776.
Vancouver
1.
Campioli M, Michelsen A, Demey A, Vermeulen A, Samson R, Lemeur R. Net primary production and carbon stocks for subarctic mesic-dry tundras with contasting microtopography, altitude, and dominant species. ECOSYSTEMS. 2009;12(5):760–76.
MLA
Campioli, Matteo, Anders Michelsen, Andreas Demey, et al. “Net Primary Production and Carbon Stocks for Subarctic Mesic-dry Tundras with Contasting Microtopography, Altitude, and Dominant Species.” ECOSYSTEMS 12.5 (2009): 760–776. Print.
@article{851556,
  abstract     = {Mesic-dry tundras are widespread in the Arctic but detailed assessments of net primary production (NPP) and ecosystem carbon (C) stocks are lacking. We addressed this lack of knowledge by determining the seasonal dynamics of aboveground vascular NPP, annual NPP, and whole-ecosystem C stocks in five mesic-dry tundras in Northern Sweden with contrasting microtopography, altitude, and dominant species. Those measurements were paralleled by the stock assessments of nitrogen (N), the limiting nutrient. The vascular production was determined by harvest or in situ growing units, whereas the nonvascular production was obtained from average species growth rates, previously assessed at the sites. Results showed that aboveground vascular NPP (15-270 g m(-2)), annual NPP (214-282 g m(-2) or 102-137 g C m(-2)) and vegetation biomass (330-2450 g m(-2)) varied greatly among communities. Vegetation dominated by Empetrum hermaphroditum is more productive than Cassiope tetragona vegetation. Although the large majority of the apical NPP occurred in early-mid season (85\%), production of stems and evergreen leaves proceeded until about 2 weeks before senescence. Most of the vascular vegetation was belowground (80\%), whereas most of the vegetation production occurred aboveground (85\%). Ecosystem C and N stocks were 2100-8200 g C m(-2) and 80-330 g N m(-2), respectively, stored mainly in the soil turf and in the fine organic soil. Such stocks are comparable to the C and N stocks of moister tundra types, such as tussock tundra.},
  author       = {Campioli, Matteo and Michelsen, Anders and Demey, Andreas and Vermeulen, Annemie and Samson, Roeland and Lemeur, Raoul},
  issn         = {1432-9840},
  journal      = {ECOSYSTEMS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {760--776},
  title        = {Net primary production and carbon stocks for subarctic mesic-dry tundras with contasting microtopography, altitude, and dominant species},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10021-009-9255-3},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2009},
}

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