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The potential of biomonitoring of air quality using leaf characteristics of white willow (Salix alba L.)

Tatiana Wuytack UGent, Kris Verheyen UGent, Karen Wuyts UGent, Fatemeh Kardel, Sandy Adriaenssens UGent and Roeland Samson (2010) ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT. 171(1-4). p.197-204
abstract
In this study, we assess the potential of white willow (Salix alba L.) as bioindicator for monitoring of air quality. Therefore, shoot biomass, specific leaf area, stomatal density, stomatal pore surface, and stomatal resistance were assessed from leaves of stem cuttings. The stem cuttings were introduced in two regions in Belgium with a relatively high and a relatively low level of air pollution, i.e., Antwerp city and Zoersel, respectively. In each of these regions, nine sampling points were selected. At each sampling point, three stem cuttings of white willow were planted in potting soil. Shoot biomass and specific leaf area were not significantly different between Antwerp city and Zoersel. Microclimatic differences between the sampling points may have been more important to plant growth than differences in air quality. However, stomatal pore surface and stomatal resistance of white willow were significantly different between Zoersel and Antwerp city. Stomatal pore surface was 20% lower in Antwerp city due to a significant reduction in both stomatal length (−11%) and stomatal width (−14%). Stomatal resistance at the adaxial leaf surface was 17% higher in Antwerp city because of the reduction in stomatal pore surface. Based on these results, we conclude that stomatal characteristics of white willow are potentially useful indicators for air quality.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Air pollution, White willow, Stomatal characteristics, Active biomonitoring
journal title
ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
Environ. Monit. Assess.
volume
171
issue
1-4
pages
197 - 204
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000283592800015
JCR category
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
1.436 (2010)
JCR rank
106/192 (2010)
JCR quartile
3 (2010)
ISSN
0167-6369
DOI
10.1007/s10661-009-1271-4
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
851533
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-851533
date created
2010-02-04 12:29:30
date last changed
2012-01-24 11:57:10
@article{851533,
  abstract     = {In this study, we assess the potential of white willow (Salix alba L.) as bioindicator for monitoring of air quality. Therefore, shoot biomass, specific leaf area, stomatal density, stomatal pore surface, and stomatal resistance were assessed from leaves of stem cuttings. The stem cuttings were introduced in two regions in Belgium with a relatively high and a relatively low level of air pollution, i.e., Antwerp city and Zoersel, respectively. In each of these regions, nine sampling points were selected. At each sampling point, three stem cuttings of white willow were planted in potting soil. Shoot biomass and specific leaf area were not significantly different between Antwerp city and Zoersel. Microclimatic differences between the sampling points may have been more important to plant growth than differences in air quality. However, stomatal pore surface and stomatal resistance of white willow were significantly different between Zoersel and Antwerp city. Stomatal pore surface was 20\% lower in Antwerp city due to a significant reduction in both stomatal length (\ensuremath{-}11\%) and stomatal width (\ensuremath{-}14\%). Stomatal resistance at the adaxial leaf surface was 17\% higher in Antwerp city because of the reduction in stomatal pore surface. Based on these results, we conclude that stomatal characteristics of white willow are potentially useful indicators for air quality.},
  author       = {Wuytack, Tatiana and Verheyen, Kris and Wuyts, Karen and Kardel, Fatemeh and Adriaenssens, Sandy and Samson, Roeland},
  issn         = {0167-6369},
  journal      = {ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT},
  keyword      = {Air pollution,White willow,Stomatal characteristics,Active biomonitoring},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-4},
  pages        = {197--204},
  title        = {The potential of biomonitoring of air quality using leaf characteristics of white willow (Salix alba L.)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1271-4},
  volume       = {171},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Wuytack, Tatiana, Kris Verheyen, Karen Wuyts, Fatemeh Kardel, Sandy Adriaenssens, and Roeland Samson. 2010. “The Potential of Biomonitoring of Air Quality Using Leaf Characteristics of White Willow (Salix Alba L.).” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 171 (1-4): 197–204.
APA
Wuytack, T., Verheyen, K., Wuyts, K., Kardel, F., Adriaenssens, S., & Samson, R. (2010). The potential of biomonitoring of air quality using leaf characteristics of white willow (Salix alba L.). ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, 171(1-4), 197–204.
Vancouver
1.
Wuytack T, Verheyen K, Wuyts K, Kardel F, Adriaenssens S, Samson R. The potential of biomonitoring of air quality using leaf characteristics of white willow (Salix alba L.). ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT. 2010;171(1-4):197–204.
MLA
Wuytack, Tatiana, Kris Verheyen, Karen Wuyts, et al. “The Potential of Biomonitoring of Air Quality Using Leaf Characteristics of White Willow (Salix Alba L.).” ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT 171.1-4 (2010): 197–204. Print.