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The global amphibian trade flows through Europe : the need for enforcing and improving legislation

(2016) BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION. 25(13). p.2581-2595
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Abstract
The global amphibian trade is suspected to have brought several species to the brink of extinction, and has led to the spread of amphibian pathogens. Moreover, international trade is not regulated for similar to 98 % of species. Here we outline patterns and complexity underlying global amphibian trade, highlighting some loopholes that need to be addressed, focusing on the European Union. In spite of being one of the leading amphibian importers, the EU's current legislation is insufficient to prevent overharvesting of those species in demand or the introduction and/or spread of amphibian pathogens into captive and wild populations. We suggest steps to improve the policy (implementation and enforcement) framework, including (i) an identifier specifically for amphibians in the World Customs Organisation's harmonised system, (ii) Parties to CITES should strive to include more species in the CITES appendices, and (iii) restriction or suspension of trade of threatened species, restricted-range species, and species protected in their country of origin. Commercial trade should not put survival of amphibian species further at risk.
Keywords
BATRACHOCHYTRIUM-DENDROBATIDIS, CHYTRID FUNGUS, INTERNATIONAL-TRADE, POPULATION DECLINES, ANURA DENDROBATIDAE, INFECTIOUS-DISEASE, WILD, POPULATIONS, RANA-CATESBEIANA, CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS, EXTINCTION, Convention on international trade in endangered species of wild fauna and flora, Amphibian, Conservation, Disease, European Union, Global, amphibian trade, Wildlife trade legislation

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Auliya, Mark, Jaime Garcia-Moreno, Benedikt R Schmidt, Dirk S Schmeller, Marinus S Hoogmoed, Matthew C Fisher, Frank Pasmans, Klaus Henle, David Bickford, and An Martel. 2016. “The Global Amphibian Trade Flows Through Europe : the Need for Enforcing and Improving Legislation.” Biodiversity and Conservation 25 (13): 2581–2595.
APA
Auliya, M., Garcia-Moreno, J., Schmidt, B. R., Schmeller, D. S., Hoogmoed, M. S., Fisher, M. C., Pasmans, F., et al. (2016). The global amphibian trade flows through Europe : the need for enforcing and improving legislation. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION, 25(13), 2581–2595.
Vancouver
1.
Auliya M, Garcia-Moreno J, Schmidt BR, Schmeller DS, Hoogmoed MS, Fisher MC, et al. The global amphibian trade flows through Europe : the need for enforcing and improving legislation. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION. 2016;25(13):2581–95.
MLA
Auliya, Mark, Jaime Garcia-Moreno, Benedikt R Schmidt, et al. “The Global Amphibian Trade Flows Through Europe : the Need for Enforcing and Improving Legislation.” BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION 25.13 (2016): 2581–2595. Print.
@article{8515142,
  abstract     = {The global amphibian trade is suspected to have brought several species to the brink of extinction, and has led to the spread of amphibian pathogens. Moreover, international trade is not regulated for similar to 98 \% of species. Here we outline patterns and complexity underlying global amphibian trade, highlighting some loopholes that need to be addressed, focusing on the European Union. In spite of being one of the leading amphibian importers, the EU's current legislation is insufficient to prevent overharvesting of those species in demand or the introduction and/or spread of amphibian pathogens into captive and wild populations. We suggest steps to improve the policy (implementation and enforcement) framework, including (i) an identifier specifically for amphibians in the World Customs Organisation's harmonised system, (ii) Parties to CITES should strive to include more species in the CITES appendices, and (iii) restriction or suspension of trade of threatened species, restricted-range species, and species protected in their country of origin. Commercial trade should not put survival of amphibian species further at risk.},
  author       = {Auliya, Mark and Garcia-Moreno, Jaime and Schmidt, Benedikt R and Schmeller, Dirk S and Hoogmoed, Marinus S and Fisher, Matthew C and Pasmans, Frank and Henle, Klaus and Bickford, David and Martel, An},
  issn         = {0960-3115},
  journal      = {BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION},
  keyword      = {BATRACHOCHYTRIUM-DENDROBATIDIS,CHYTRID FUNGUS,INTERNATIONAL-TRADE,POPULATION DECLINES,ANURA DENDROBATIDAE,INFECTIOUS-DISEASE,WILD,POPULATIONS,RANA-CATESBEIANA,CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS,EXTINCTION,Convention on international trade in endangered species of wild fauna and flora,Amphibian,Conservation,Disease,European Union,Global,amphibian trade,Wildlife trade legislation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {13},
  pages        = {2581--2595},
  title        = {The global amphibian trade flows through Europe : the need for enforcing and improving legislation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10531-016-1193-8},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2016},
}

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