Advanced search
2 files | 3.54 MB

Tree species identity shapes earthworm communities

(2017) FORESTS. 8(3).
Author
Organization
Abstract
Earthworms are key organisms in forest ecosystems because they incorporate organic material into the soil and affect the activity of other soil organisms. Here, we investigated how tree species affect earthworm communities via litter and soil characteristics. In a 36-year old common garden experiment, replicated six times over Denmark, six tree species were planted in blocks: sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus), beech (Fagus sylvatica), ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Norway spruce (Picea abies), pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) and lime (Tilia cordata). We studied the chemical characteristics of soil and foliar litter, and determined the forest floor turnover rate and the density and biomass of the earthworm species occurring in the stands. Tree species significantly affected earthworm communities via leaf litter and/or soil characteristics. Anecic earthworms were abundant under Fraxinus, Acer and Tilia, which is related to calcium-rich litter and low soil acidification. Epigeic earthworms were indifferent to calcium content in leaf litter and were shown to be mainly related to soil moisture content and litter C:P ratios. Almost no earthworms were found in Picea stands, likely because of the combined effects of recalcitrant litter, low pH and low soil moisture content.
Keywords
biogeochemistry, litter quality, soil fauna, soil acidification, plant–soil interactions, biological indicator of soil quality, Oligochaeta, LITTER DECOMPOSITION, COMMON GARDEN, ECOSYSTEM ENGINEERS, TEMPERATE FORESTS, SOIL PROPERTIES, BOREAL FORESTS, BIOMASS, IMPACT, LUMBRICIDAE, DEPOSITION

Downloads

  • Schelfhout etal 2017 Forests.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.28 MB
  • Tree species effect graphic abstract edited.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 2.26 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Schelfhout, Stephanie, Jan Mertens, Kris Verheyen, Lars Vesterdal, Lander Baeten, Bart Muys, and An De Schrijver. 2017. “Tree Species Identity Shapes Earthworm Communities.” Ed. Laurent Augusto. Forests 8 (3).
APA
Schelfhout, S., Mertens, J., Verheyen, K., Vesterdal, L., Baeten, L., Muys, B., & De Schrijver, A. (2017). Tree species identity shapes earthworm communities. (Laurent Augusto, Ed.)FORESTS, 8(3).
Vancouver
1.
Schelfhout S, Mertens J, Verheyen K, Vesterdal L, Baeten L, Muys B, et al. Tree species identity shapes earthworm communities. Augusto L, editor. FORESTS. 2017;8(3).
MLA
Schelfhout, Stephanie, Jan Mertens, Kris Verheyen, et al. “Tree Species Identity Shapes Earthworm Communities.” Ed. Laurent Augusto. FORESTS 8.3 (2017): n. pag. Print.
@article{8514667,
  abstract     = {Earthworms are key organisms in forest ecosystems because they incorporate organic material into the soil and affect the activity of other soil organisms. Here, we investigated how tree species affect earthworm communities via litter and soil characteristics. In a 36-year old common garden experiment, replicated six times over Denmark, six tree species were planted in blocks: sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus), beech (Fagus sylvatica), ash (Fraxinus excelsior), Norway spruce (Picea abies), pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) and lime (Tilia cordata). We studied the chemical characteristics of soil and foliar litter, and determined the forest floor turnover rate and the density and biomass of the earthworm species occurring in the stands. Tree species significantly affected earthworm communities via leaf litter and/or soil characteristics. Anecic earthworms were abundant under Fraxinus, Acer and Tilia, which is related to calcium-rich litter and low soil acidification. Epigeic earthworms were indifferent to calcium content in leaf litter and were shown to be mainly related to soil moisture content and litter C:P ratios. Almost no earthworms were found in Picea stands, likely because of the combined effects of recalcitrant litter, low pH and low soil moisture content. },
  articleno    = {85},
  author       = {Schelfhout, Stephanie and Mertens, Jan and Verheyen, Kris and Vesterdal, Lars and Baeten, Lander and Muys, Bart and De Schrijver, An},
  editor       = {Augusto, Laurent},
  issn         = {1999-4907},
  journal      = {FORESTS},
  keyword      = {biogeochemistry,litter quality,soil fauna,soil acidification,plant--soil interactions,biological indicator of soil quality,Oligochaeta,LITTER DECOMPOSITION,COMMON GARDEN,ECOSYSTEM ENGINEERS,TEMPERATE FORESTS,SOIL PROPERTIES,BOREAL FORESTS,BIOMASS,IMPACT,LUMBRICIDAE,DEPOSITION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {20},
  title        = {Tree species identity shapes earthworm communities},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3390/f8030085},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2017},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: