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Emotion regulation across childhood and adolescence : evidence for a maladaptive shift in adolescence

Emiel Cracco (UGent) , Lien Goossens (UGent) and Caroline Braet (UGent)
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Abstract
Dysfunctional emotion regulation is an important predictor of psychopathology. Although many clinical programs focus on emotion regulation skills, the successful application of these programs in children and adolescents requires knowledge on the normative use of emotion regulation strategies over age. To this end, the current cross-sectional study examined changes in emotion regulation throughout childhood and adolescence. The use of seven adaptive and five maladaptive emotion regulation strategies was measured with the FEEL-KJ in a representative sample (N = 1397) of Dutch children and adolescents between 8 and 18 years old. Overall, the results indicated reduced use of adaptive strategies and increased use of maladaptive strategies in participants between 12 and 15 years old compared with younger or older participants. The findings of the current study indicate that adolescence is characterized by a maladaptive shift in emotion regulation. Given that the continued use of dysfunctional emotion regulation plays an important role in the development and maintenance of psychopathology, these results highlight the importance of prevention and treatment programs focused on emotion regulation to shield vulnerable adolescents against mental illness.
Keywords
REGULATION STRATEGIES, DEPRESSIVE-DISORDERS, INDUCED RUMINATION, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, CHILDREN, PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, BRAIN, THERAPY, ANXIETY, REAPPRAISAL

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Chicago
Cracco, Emiel, Lien Goossens, and Caroline Braet. 2017. “Emotion Regulation Across Childhood and Adolescence : Evidence for a Maladaptive Shift in Adolescence.” European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 26 (8): 909–921.
APA
Cracco, E., Goossens, L., & Braet, C. (2017). Emotion regulation across childhood and adolescence : evidence for a maladaptive shift in adolescence. EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY, 26(8), 909–921.
Vancouver
1.
Cracco E, Goossens L, Braet C. Emotion regulation across childhood and adolescence : evidence for a maladaptive shift in adolescence. EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY. 2017;26(8):909–21.
MLA
Cracco, Emiel, Lien Goossens, and Caroline Braet. “Emotion Regulation Across Childhood and Adolescence : Evidence for a Maladaptive Shift in Adolescence.” EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY 26.8 (2017): 909–921. Print.
@article{8514360,
  abstract     = {Dysfunctional emotion regulation is an important predictor of psychopathology. Although many clinical programs focus on emotion regulation skills, the successful application of these programs in children and adolescents requires knowledge on the normative use of emotion regulation strategies over age. To this end, the current cross-sectional study examined changes in emotion regulation throughout childhood and adolescence. The use of seven adaptive and five maladaptive emotion regulation strategies was measured with the FEEL-KJ in a representative sample (N = 1397) of Dutch children and adolescents between 8 and 18 years old. Overall, the results indicated reduced use of adaptive strategies and increased use of maladaptive strategies in participants between 12 and 15 years old compared with younger or older participants. The findings of the current study indicate that adolescence is characterized by a maladaptive shift in emotion regulation. Given that the continued use of dysfunctional emotion regulation plays an important role in the development and maintenance of psychopathology, these results highlight the importance of prevention and treatment programs focused on emotion regulation to shield vulnerable adolescents against mental illness.},
  author       = {Cracco, Emiel and Goossens, Lien and Braet, Caroline},
  issn         = {1018-8827},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN CHILD \& ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY},
  keyword      = {REGULATION STRATEGIES,DEPRESSIVE-DISORDERS,INDUCED RUMINATION,GENDER-DIFFERENCES,CHILDREN,PSYCHOPATHOLOGY,BRAIN,THERAPY,ANXIETY,REAPPRAISAL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {909--921},
  title        = {Emotion regulation across childhood and adolescence : evidence for a maladaptive shift in adolescence},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-017-0952-8},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2017},
}

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