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Extracurricular school-based sports as a stepping stone toward an active lifestyle? : differences in physical activity and sports-motivation between extracurricular school-based sports participants and non-participants

An De Meester (UGent), Greet Cardon (UGent), Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij (UGent) and Leen Haerens (UGent)
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Abstract
Purpose: The goals were to investigate whether extracurricular school-based sports reach students not engaging in community sports and whether extracurricular school-based sports participants are more physically active and/or autonomously motivated toward sports than nonparticipants. Method: 1526 students (48.0% boys; 85.9% Belgian natives; age = 15.34 +/- 1.83y) completed validated questionnaires to assess sports participation, physical activity (PA) and sports-motivation. Multilevel regression analyses were conducted. Results: Only 28.7% of all students (n = 438), and 19.7% of students not engaging in community sports (n = 123), participated in extracurricular school-based sports. Participants were significantly more physically active [beta = 44.19, S.E. = 17.34, chi(2)(1)= 6.50, p = .01] and autonomously motivated [beta = .18, S.E. = .04, chi(2)(1)= 25.62, p < .001] than nonparticipants, even after controlling for community sports participation. Boys were more physically active and autonomously motivated than girls (p < .001). Conclusion: As participation is linked to higher PA-levels and autonomous motivation, increasing overall participation rates may contribute to children developing a more physically active lifestyle and achieving the PA guidelines.
Keywords
Self-Determination Theory, school sports, motivation, physical activity, adolescent, SELF-DETERMINATION, MIDDLE SCHOOLS, STUDENTS, INTERVENTIONS, QUESTIONNAIRE, BEHAVIORS, EDUCATION, TRACKING, PROGRAMS, OUTCOMES

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Chicago
De Meester, An, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, and Leen Haerens. 2017. “Extracurricular School-based Sports as a Stepping Stone Toward an Active Lifestyle? : Differences in Physical Activity and Sports-motivation Between Extracurricular School-based Sports Participants and Non-participants.” Journal of Teaching in Physical Education 36 (4): 485–497.
APA
De Meester, An, Cardon, G., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., & Haerens, L. (2017). Extracurricular school-based sports as a stepping stone toward an active lifestyle? : differences in physical activity and sports-motivation between extracurricular school-based sports participants and non-participants. JOURNAL OF TEACHING IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION, 36(4), 485–497.
Vancouver
1.
De Meester A, Cardon G, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Haerens L. Extracurricular school-based sports as a stepping stone toward an active lifestyle? : differences in physical activity and sports-motivation between extracurricular school-based sports participants and non-participants. JOURNAL OF TEACHING IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION. 2017;36(4):485–97.
MLA
De Meester, An, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, et al. “Extracurricular School-based Sports as a Stepping Stone Toward an Active Lifestyle? : Differences in Physical Activity and Sports-motivation Between Extracurricular School-based Sports Participants and Non-participants.” JOURNAL OF TEACHING IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION 36.4 (2017): 485–497. Print.
@article{8514262,
  abstract     = {Purpose: The goals were to investigate whether extracurricular school-based sports reach students not engaging in community sports and whether extracurricular school-based sports participants are more physically active and/or autonomously motivated toward sports than nonparticipants.
Method: 1526 students (48.0\% boys; 85.9\% Belgian natives; age = 15.34 +/- 1.83y) completed validated questionnaires to assess sports participation, physical activity (PA) and sports-motivation. Multilevel regression analyses were conducted.
Results: Only 28.7\% of all students (n = 438), and 19.7\% of students not engaging in community sports (n = 123), participated in extracurricular school-based sports. Participants were significantly more physically active [beta = 44.19, S.E. = 17.34, chi(2)(1)= 6.50, p = .01] and autonomously motivated [beta = .18, S.E. = .04, chi(2)(1)= 25.62, p {\textlangle} .001] than nonparticipants, even after controlling for community sports participation. Boys were more physically active and autonomously motivated than girls (p {\textlangle} .001).
Conclusion: As participation is linked to higher PA-levels and autonomous motivation, increasing overall participation rates may contribute to children developing a more physically active lifestyle and achieving the PA guidelines.},
  author       = {De Meester, An and Cardon, Greet and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Haerens, Leen},
  issn         = {0273-5024},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF TEACHING IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION},
  keyword      = {Self-Determination Theory,school sports,motivation,physical activity,adolescent,SELF-DETERMINATION,MIDDLE SCHOOLS,STUDENTS,INTERVENTIONS,QUESTIONNAIRE,BEHAVIORS,EDUCATION,TRACKING,PROGRAMS,OUTCOMES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {485--497},
  title        = {Extracurricular school-based sports as a stepping stone toward an active lifestyle? : differences in physical activity and sports-motivation between extracurricular school-based sports participants and non-participants},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jtpe.2016-0035},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2017},
}

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