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Awareness, knowledge, and practices regarding occupational hazards among medical students : a longitudinal study before and after admission as trainees

Lutgart Braeckman (UGent) , Mathieu Verbrugghe (UGent) , Heidi Janssens (UGent) , Rini Verpraet (UGent) and Luc Cobbaut (UGent)
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Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in knowledge, attitude, and preventive practices of students regarding occupational hazards before and after entering clinical training. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was used to follow up a cohort of Belgian medical students in 2014 and 2015. Inquiries about students' characteristics, awareness, knowledge, and practices of protective measures were included. Descriptive and multivariable analyses were performed. Results: Overall, 249 (94%) students completed the preclinical questionnaire and 147 (56%) responded on both occasions. Our findings revealed that student awareness and knowledge scores were inadequate but increased after admission as trainees. Students with an accidental blood contact (n = 43) showed no better knowledge of postexposure management than those without such an incident. Conclusions: The observed lack of awareness and knowledge regarding occupational hazards among students provides an opportunity to improve basic education and training environments.
Keywords
HEPATITIS-B, NEEDLESTICK INJURIES, NURSING-STUDENTS, HAND HYGIENE, BODY-FLUIDS, ATTITUDE, HEALTH, IMMUNIZATION, DEPRESSION, BEHAVIOR

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MLA
Braeckman, Lutgart, Mathieu Verbrugghe, Heidi Janssens, et al. “Awareness, Knowledge, and Practices Regarding Occupational Hazards Among Medical Students : a Longitudinal Study Before and After Admission as Trainees.” JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE 59.4 (2017): e41–e45. Print.
APA
Braeckman, Lutgart, Verbrugghe, M., Janssens, H., Verpraet, R., & Cobbaut, L. (2017). Awareness, knowledge, and practices regarding occupational hazards among medical students : a longitudinal study before and after admission as trainees. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 59(4), e41–e45.
Chicago author-date
Braeckman, Lutgart, Mathieu Verbrugghe, Heidi Janssens, Rini Verpraet, and Luc Cobbaut. 2017. “Awareness, Knowledge, and Practices Regarding Occupational Hazards Among Medical Students : a Longitudinal Study Before and After Admission as Trainees.” Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 59 (4): e41–e45.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Braeckman, Lutgart, Mathieu Verbrugghe, Heidi Janssens, Rini Verpraet, and Luc Cobbaut. 2017. “Awareness, Knowledge, and Practices Regarding Occupational Hazards Among Medical Students : a Longitudinal Study Before and After Admission as Trainees.” Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 59 (4): e41–e45.
Vancouver
1.
Braeckman L, Verbrugghe M, Janssens H, Verpraet R, Cobbaut L. Awareness, knowledge, and practices regarding occupational hazards among medical students : a longitudinal study before and after admission as trainees. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE. 2017;59(4):e41–e45.
IEEE
[1]
L. Braeckman, M. Verbrugghe, H. Janssens, R. Verpraet, and L. Cobbaut, “Awareness, knowledge, and practices regarding occupational hazards among medical students : a longitudinal study before and after admission as trainees,” JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. e41–e45, 2017.
@article{8513960,
  abstract     = {Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in knowledge, attitude, and preventive practices of students regarding occupational hazards before and after entering clinical training.
Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was used to follow up a cohort of Belgian medical students in 2014 and 2015. Inquiries about students' characteristics, awareness, knowledge, and practices of protective measures were included. Descriptive and multivariable analyses were performed.
Results: Overall, 249 (94%) students completed the preclinical questionnaire and 147 (56%) responded on both occasions. Our findings revealed that student awareness and knowledge scores were inadequate but increased after admission as trainees. Students with an accidental blood contact (n = 43) showed no better knowledge of postexposure management than those without such an incident.
Conclusions: The observed lack of awareness and knowledge regarding occupational hazards among students provides an opportunity to improve basic education and training environments.},
  author       = {Braeckman, Lutgart and Verbrugghe, Mathieu and Janssens, Heidi and Verpraet, Rini and Cobbaut, Luc},
  issn         = {1076-2752},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE},
  keywords     = {HEPATITIS-B,NEEDLESTICK INJURIES,NURSING-STUDENTS,HAND HYGIENE,BODY-FLUIDS,ATTITUDE,HEALTH,IMMUNIZATION,DEPRESSION,BEHAVIOR},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {e41--e45},
  title        = {Awareness, knowledge, and practices regarding occupational hazards among medical students : a longitudinal study before and after admission as trainees},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/jom.0000000000000972},
  volume       = {59},
  year         = {2017},
}

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