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Google Trends terms reporting rhinitis and related topics differ in European countries

Jean Bousquet, Ioana Agache, Josep M Anto, Karl C Bergmann, Claus Bachert UGent, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Philippe J Bousquet, Gennaro D'Amato, Pascal Demoly, Govert De Vries, et al. (2017) ALLERGY. 72(8). p.1261-1266
abstract
Google Trends (GT) searches trends of specific queries in Google and reflects the real-life epidemiology of allergic rhinitis. We compared Google Trends terms related to allergy and rhinitis in all European Union countries, Norway and Switzerland from 1 January 2011 to 20 December 2016. The aim was to assesswhether the same terms could be used to report the seasonal variations of allergic diseases. Using the Google Trend 5-year graph, an annual and clear seasonality of queries was found in all countries apart from Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Malta. Different terms were found to demonstrate seasonality depending on the country - namely 'hay fever', 'allergy' and 'pollen' - showing cultural differences. A single set of terms cannot be used across all European countries, but allergy seasonality can be compared across Europe providing the above three terms are used. Using longitudinal data in different countries and multiple terms, we identified an awareness-related spike of searches (December 2016).
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
@article{8513670,
  abstract     = {Google Trends (GT) searches trends of specific queries in Google and reflects the real-life epidemiology of allergic rhinitis. We compared Google Trends terms related to allergy and rhinitis in all European Union countries, Norway and Switzerland from 1 January 2011 to 20 December 2016. The aim was to assesswhether the same terms could be used to report the seasonal variations of allergic diseases. Using the Google Trend 5-year graph, an annual and clear seasonality of queries was found in all countries apart from Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Malta. Different terms were found to demonstrate seasonality depending on the country - namely 'hay fever', 'allergy' and 'pollen' - showing cultural differences. A single set of terms cannot be used across all European countries, but allergy seasonality can be compared across Europe providing the above three terms are used. Using longitudinal data in different countries and multiple terms, we identified an awareness-related spike of searches (December 2016).},
  author       = {Bousquet, Jean and Agache, Ioana and Anto, Josep M and Bergmann, Karl C and Bachert, Claus and Annesi-Maesano, Isabella and Bousquet, Philippe J and D'Amato, Gennaro and Demoly, Pascal and De Vries, Govert and Eller, Esben and Fokkens, Wytske and Fonseca, Joao and Haahtela, Tari and Hellings, Peter W and Just, Jocelyne and Keil, Thomas and Klimek, Ludger and Kuna, Piotr and Carlsen, Karin C Lodrup and M{\"o}sges, Ralf and Murray, Ruth and Nekam, Kristof and Onorato, Gabrielle and Papadopoulos, Nikos G and Samolinski, Boleslaw and Schmid-Grendelmeier, Peter and Thibaudon, Michel and Tomazic, Peter and Triggiani, Massimo and Valiulis, Arunas and Valovirta, Erkka and Van Eerd, Michiel and Wickman, Magnus and Zuberbier, Torsten and Sheikh, Aziz},
  issn         = {0105-4538},
  journal      = {ALLERGY},
  keyword      = {allergy,asthma,Google Trends,hay fever,rhinitis,INTERNET SEARCH ACTIVITY,BET V 1,ALLERGIC RHINITIS,POLLEN COUNTS,CARE PATHWAYS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1261--1266},
  title        = {Google Trends terms reporting rhinitis and related topics differ in European countries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13137},
  volume       = {72},
  year         = {2017},
}

Chicago
Bousquet, Jean, Ioana Agache, Josep M Anto, Karl C Bergmann, Claus Bachert, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Philippe J Bousquet, et al. 2017. “Google Trends Terms Reporting Rhinitis and Related Topics Differ in European Countries.” Allergy 72 (8): 1261–1266.
APA
Bousquet, Jean, Agache, I., Anto, J. M., Bergmann, K. C., Bachert, C., Annesi-Maesano, I., Bousquet, P. J., et al. (2017). Google Trends terms reporting rhinitis and related topics differ in European countries. ALLERGY, 72(8), 1261–1266.
Vancouver
1.
Bousquet J, Agache I, Anto JM, Bergmann KC, Bachert C, Annesi-Maesano I, et al. Google Trends terms reporting rhinitis and related topics differ in European countries. ALLERGY. 2017;72(8):1261–6.
MLA
Bousquet, Jean, Ioana Agache, Josep M Anto, et al. “Google Trends Terms Reporting Rhinitis and Related Topics Differ in European Countries.” ALLERGY 72.8 (2017): 1261–1266. Print.