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The effects of feedback valence and style on need satisfaction, self-talk, and perseverance among tennis players : an experimental study

Gert-Jan De Muynck (UGent) , Maarten Vansteenkiste (UGent) , Jochen Delrue (UGent) , Nathalie Aelterman (UGent) , Leen Haerens (UGent) and Bart Soenens (UGent)
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Abstract
Grounded in self-determination theory, this experimental study examined whether the valence (ire., positive vs. negative) and style (i.e., autonomy-supportive vs. controlling) of normative feedback impact the self-talk, motivational experiences (i.e., psychological need satisfaction and enjoyment), and behavioral functioning (i.e., perseverance and performance) of tennis players (N = 120; M-age = 24.50 +/- 9.86 years). Positive feedback and an autonomy-supportive style positively influenced players' enjoyment and perseverance, with psychological need satisfaction and self-talk playing an intervening role. While positive feedback yielded its beneficial effect via greater competence satisfaction and decreased negative self-talk, the beneficial impact of an autonomy-supportive communication style was explained via greater autonomy satisfaction.
Keywords
COGNITIVE EVALUATION THEORY, CHANGE-ORIENTED FEEDBACK, INTRINSIC MOTIVATION, CORRECTIVE FEEDBACK, AFFECTIVE STATES, THINK-ALOUD, AUTONOMY, PERFORMANCE, SPORT, BEHAVIOR, autonomy, motivation, self-determination theory, support

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Chicago
De Muynck, Gert-Jan, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Jochen Delrue, Nathalie Aelterman, Leen Haerens, and Bart Soenens. 2017. “The Effects of Feedback Valence and Style on Need Satisfaction, Self-talk, and Perseverance Among Tennis Players : an Experimental Study.” Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology  39 (1): 67–80.
APA
De Muynck, G.-J., Vansteenkiste, M., Delrue, J., Aelterman, N., Haerens, L., & Soenens, B. (2017). The effects of feedback valence and style on need satisfaction, self-talk, and perseverance among tennis players : an experimental study. JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY  , 39(1), 67–80.
Vancouver
1.
De Muynck G-J, Vansteenkiste M, Delrue J, Aelterman N, Haerens L, Soenens B. The effects of feedback valence and style on need satisfaction, self-talk, and perseverance among tennis players : an experimental study. JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY  . 2017;39(1):67–80.
MLA
De Muynck, Gert-Jan, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Jochen Delrue, et al. “The Effects of Feedback Valence and Style on Need Satisfaction, Self-talk, and Perseverance Among Tennis Players : an Experimental Study.” JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY  39.1 (2017): 67–80. Print.
@article{8513560,
  abstract     = {Grounded in self-determination theory, this experimental study examined whether the valence (ire., positive vs. negative) and style (i.e., autonomy-supportive vs. controlling) of normative feedback impact the self-talk, motivational experiences (i.e., psychological need satisfaction and enjoyment), and behavioral functioning (i.e., perseverance and performance) of tennis players (N = 120; M-age = 24.50 +/- 9.86 years). Positive feedback and an autonomy-supportive style positively influenced players' enjoyment and perseverance, with psychological need satisfaction and self-talk playing an intervening role. While positive feedback yielded its beneficial effect via greater competence satisfaction and decreased negative self-talk, the beneficial impact of an autonomy-supportive communication style was explained via greater autonomy satisfaction.},
  author       = {De Muynck, Gert-Jan and Vansteenkiste, Maarten and Delrue, Jochen and Aelterman, Nathalie and Haerens, Leen and Soenens, Bart},
  issn         = {0895-2779},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF SPORT \& EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY                                        },
  keyword      = {COGNITIVE EVALUATION THEORY,CHANGE-ORIENTED FEEDBACK,INTRINSIC MOTIVATION,CORRECTIVE FEEDBACK,AFFECTIVE STATES,THINK-ALOUD,AUTONOMY,PERFORMANCE,SPORT,BEHAVIOR,autonomy,motivation,self-determination theory,support},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {67--80},
  title        = {The effects of feedback valence and style on need satisfaction, self-talk, and perseverance among tennis players : an experimental study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2015-0326},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2017},
}

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