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Strain prioritization and genome mining for enediyne natural products

(2016) MBIO. 7(6).
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Abstract
The enediyne family of natural products has had a profound impact on modern chemistry, biology, and medicine, and yet only 11 enediynes have been structurally characterized to date. Here we report a genome survey of 3,400 actinomycetes, identifying 81 strains that harbor genes encoding the enediyne polyketide synthase cassettes that could be grouped into 28 distinct clades based on phylogenetic analysis. Genome sequencing of 31 representative strains confirmed that each clade harbors a distinct enediyne biosynthetic gene cluster. A genome neighborhood network allows prediction of new structural features and biosynthetic insights that could be exploited for enediyne discovery. We confirmed one clade as new C-1027 producers, with a significantly higher C-1027 titer than the original producer, and discovered a new family of enediyne natural products, the tiancimycins (TNMs), that exhibit potent cytotoxicity against a broad spectrum of cancer cell lines. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of rapid discovery of new enediynes from a large strain collection. IMPORTANCE Recent advances in microbial genomics clearly revealed that the biosynthetic potential of soil actinomycetes to produce enediynes is underappreciated. A great challenge is to develop innovative methods to discover new enediynes and produce them in sufficient quantities for chemical, biological, and clinical investigations. This work demonstrated the feasibility of rapid discovery of new enediynes from a large strain collection. The new C-1027 producers, with a significantly higher C-1027 titer than the original producer, will impact the practical supply of this important drug lead. The TNMs, with their extremely potent cytotoxicity against various cancer cells and their rapid and complete cancer cell killing characteristics, in comparison with the payloads used in FDA-approved antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs), are poised to be exploited as payload candidates for the next generation of anticancer ADCs. Follow-up studies on the other identified hits promise the discovery of new enediynes, radically expanding the chemical space for the enediyne family.
Keywords
BIOSYNTHETIC GENE-CLUSTER, ANTITUMOR ANTIBIOTICS, CANCER-THERAPY, ANTICANCER DRUG, DISCOVERY, STREPTOMYCES, INSIGHTS, C-1027, UNCIALAMYCIN, RESISTANCE

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Citation

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Chicago
Yan, Xiaohui, Huiming Ge, Tingting Huang, Dong Yang, Qihui Teng, Ivana Crnovčić, Xiuling Li, et al. 2016. “Strain Prioritization and Genome Mining for Enediyne Natural Products.” Mbio 7 (6).
APA
Yan, Xiaohui, Ge, H., Huang, T., Yang, D., Teng, Q., Crnovčić, I., Li, X., et al. (2016). Strain prioritization and genome mining for enediyne natural products. MBIO, 7(6).
Vancouver
1.
Yan X, Ge H, Huang T, Yang D, Teng Q, Crnovčić I, et al. Strain prioritization and genome mining for enediyne natural products. MBIO. 2016;7(6).
MLA
Yan, Xiaohui, Huiming Ge, Tingting Huang, et al. “Strain Prioritization and Genome Mining for Enediyne Natural Products.” MBIO 7.6 (2016): n. pag. Print.
@article{8512081,
  abstract     = {The enediyne family of natural products has had a profound impact on modern chemistry, biology, and medicine, and yet only 11 enediynes have been structurally characterized to date. Here we report a genome survey of 3,400 actinomycetes, identifying 81 strains that harbor genes encoding the enediyne polyketide synthase cassettes that could be grouped into 28 distinct clades based on phylogenetic analysis. Genome sequencing of 31 representative strains confirmed that each clade harbors a distinct enediyne biosynthetic gene cluster. A genome neighborhood network allows prediction of new structural features and biosynthetic insights that could be exploited for enediyne discovery. We confirmed one clade as new C-1027 producers, with a significantly higher C-1027 titer than the original producer, and discovered a new family of enediyne natural products, the tiancimycins (TNMs), that exhibit potent cytotoxicity against a broad spectrum of cancer cell lines. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of rapid discovery of new enediynes from a large strain collection. 
IMPORTANCE Recent advances in microbial genomics clearly revealed that the biosynthetic potential of soil actinomycetes to produce enediynes is underappreciated. A great challenge is to develop innovative methods to discover new enediynes and produce them in sufficient quantities for chemical, biological, and clinical investigations. This work demonstrated the feasibility of rapid discovery of new enediynes from a large strain collection. The new C-1027 producers, with a significantly higher C-1027 titer than the original producer, will impact the practical supply of this important drug lead. The TNMs, with their extremely potent cytotoxicity against various cancer cells and their rapid and complete cancer cell killing characteristics, in comparison with the payloads used in FDA-approved antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs), are poised to be exploited as payload candidates for the next generation of anticancer ADCs. Follow-up studies on the other identified hits promise the discovery of new enediynes, radically expanding the chemical space for the enediyne family.},
  articleno    = {e02104},
  author       = {Yan, Xiaohui and Ge, Huiming and Huang, Tingting and Yang, Dong and Teng, Qihui and Crnov\v{c}i\'{c}, Ivana and Li, Xiuling and Rudolf, Jeffrey D and Lohman, Jeremy R and Gansemans, Yannick and Zhu, Xiangcheng and Huang, Yong and Zhao, Li-Xing and Jiang, Yi and Van Nieuwerburgh, Filip and Rader, Christoph and Duan, Yanwen and Shen, Ben},
  issn         = {2150-7511},
  journal      = {MBIO},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {12},
  title        = {Strain prioritization and genome mining for enediyne natural products},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/mbio.02104-16},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2016},
}

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