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Acoustical properties in inhaling singing : a case-study

(2017) PHYSICS IN MEDICINE. 3. p.9-15
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Abstract
A highly experienced versatile female professional singer displaying no apparent vocal complaint, developed inhaling singing, an innovative approach to reverse phonation. Although there are some reports in literature that describe the characteristics of ingressive phonation and sounds, to the best of our knowledge, no reports on actual inhaling singing are available in literature. This paper reports a case study on the acoustical analysis of inhaling singing, comparing this innovative technique with traditional exhaling singing. As this is rather undiscovered territory, we have decided to address several questions: is it possible to match the same pitches using inhaling singing compared to exhaling singing? Is the harmonic structure and energy distribution similar? Is it possible to maintain the same phonation duration in both techniques? Are there differences in volume and tessitura (vocal range)? This paper, reporting on the experience of one individual, demonstrates that a tessitura can be mastered in inhaling singing. Spectral analysis reveals a similar frequency distribution in both conditions. However, in inhaling singing the energy of the harmonics is significantly lower for the first 3 overtones, while the maximum phonation time is larger, than in exhaling singing. The singer reports that less effort is required for inhaling singing in the high register. As such, inhaling singing offers new possibilities for vocal performance.
Keywords
Inhaling singing, Spectrography, Videostroboscopy, Voice Range Profile, Maximum Phonation Time, ISFV

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Chicago
Vanhecke, Françoise, Mieke Moerman, Frank Desmet, Joren Six, Kristin Daemers, Godfried-Willem Raes, and Marc Leman. 2017. “Acoustical Properties in Inhaling Singing : a Case-study.” Physics in Medicine 3: 9–15.
APA
Vanhecke, F., Moerman, M., Desmet, F., Six, J., Daemers, K., Raes, G.-W., & Leman, M. (2017). Acoustical properties in inhaling singing : a case-study. PHYSICS IN MEDICINE, 3, 9–15.
Vancouver
1.
Vanhecke F, Moerman M, Desmet F, Six J, Daemers K, Raes G-W, et al. Acoustical properties in inhaling singing : a case-study. PHYSICS IN MEDICINE. Elsevier BV; 2017;3:9–15.
MLA
Vanhecke, Françoise, Mieke Moerman, Frank Desmet, et al. “Acoustical Properties in Inhaling Singing : a Case-study.” PHYSICS IN MEDICINE 3 (2017): 9–15. Print.
@article{8511917,
  abstract     = {A highly experienced versatile female professional singer displaying no apparent vocal complaint, developed inhaling singing, an innovative approach to reverse phonation. Although there are some reports in literature that describe the characteristics of ingressive phonation and sounds, to the best of our knowledge, no reports on actual inhaling singing are available in literature. This paper reports a case study on the acoustical analysis of inhaling singing, comparing this innovative technique with traditional exhaling singing. As this is rather undiscovered territory, we have decided to address several questions: is it possible to match the same pitches using inhaling singing compared to exhaling singing? Is the harmonic structure and energy distribution similar? Is it possible to maintain the same phonation duration in both techniques? Are there differences in volume and tessitura (vocal range)?
This paper, reporting on the experience of one individual, demonstrates that a tessitura can be
mastered in inhaling singing. Spectral analysis reveals a similar frequency distribution in both conditions. However, in inhaling singing the energy of the harmonics is significantly lower for the first 3 overtones, while the maximum phonation time is larger, than in exhaling singing. The singer reports that less effort is required for inhaling singing in the high register. As such, inhaling singing offers new possibilities for vocal performance.},
  author       = {Vanhecke, Fran\c{c}oise and Moerman, Mieke and Desmet, Frank and Six, Joren and Daemers, Kristin and Raes, Godfried-Willem and Leman, Marc},
  issn         = {2352-4510},
  journal      = {PHYSICS IN MEDICINE},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {9--15},
  publisher    = {Elsevier BV},
  title        = {Acoustical properties in inhaling singing : a case-study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phmed.2017.02.001},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2017},
}

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