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Provenancing East Mediterranean cedar wood with the 87Sr/86Sr strontium isotope ratio

Sara Rich, Sturt W Manning, Patrick Degryse, Frank Vanhaecke UGent and Karel Van Lerberghe (2016) ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 8(3). p.467-476
abstract
Sr-87/Sr-86 isotope ratios of cedar wood from forests in the East Mediterranean have been compiled in order to investigate the feasibility of provenancing archaeological cedar wood finds. Cedrus sp. forests furnished a great amount of wood in antiquity, for purposes ranging from ship to temple construction, and for fashioning cult statues and sarcophagi. The Sr-87/Sr-86 signatures of archaeological cedar samples may be compared with the preliminary dataset presented here to help determine the geographic origin of wooden artifacts. Sample sites include two forest areas in the Troodos Massif of Cyprus, five in the Lebanon, and two in Turkey's Taurus Mountains. Sr ratios for wood varieties (i.e., early heartwood, late heartwood, sapwood, and twig wood) demonstrate relative uniformity between the xylem types frequently recovered from archaeological contexts. As such, this pilot study also assesses important issues of archaeological sampling and the geographical factors that influence Sr uptake in cedar trees of this region. While the regional signatures are distinct in most cases, small sample sizes and range overlap indicate the need for additional methods to make a case for a certain source forest. Alone, this method continues to be best used to disprove assumed wood provenances.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
alternative title
Provenancing East Mediterranean cedar wood with the Sr-87/Sr-86 strontium isotope ratio
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Cedrus sp, Dendroprovenance, East Mediterranean, Strontium isotopes, Timber trade, TREE-RINGS, NEW-MEXICO, FORESTED WATERSHEDS, CEDRUS-LIBANI, CHACO CANYON, SR, POLLUTION, LEBANON, TURKEY, URBAN
journal title
ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES
Archaeol. Anthropol. Sci.
volume
8
issue
3
pages
467 - 476
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000382681300004
JCR category
ANTHROPOLOGY
JCR impact factor
1.844 (2016)
JCR rank
17/82 (2016)
JCR quartile
1 (2016)
ISSN
1866-9557
1866-9565
DOI
10.1007/s12520-015-0242-7
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
8511579
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8511579
date created
2017-02-27 21:45:54
date last changed
2018-01-29 12:18:55
@article{8511579,
  abstract     = {Sr-87/Sr-86 isotope ratios of cedar wood from forests in the East Mediterranean have been compiled in order to investigate the feasibility of provenancing archaeological cedar wood finds. Cedrus sp. forests furnished a great amount of wood in antiquity, for purposes ranging from ship to temple construction, and for fashioning cult statues and sarcophagi. The Sr-87/Sr-86 signatures of archaeological cedar samples may be compared with the preliminary dataset presented here to help determine the geographic origin of wooden artifacts. Sample sites include two forest areas in the Troodos Massif of Cyprus, five in the Lebanon, and two in Turkey's Taurus Mountains. Sr ratios for wood varieties (i.e., early heartwood, late heartwood, sapwood, and twig wood) demonstrate relative uniformity between the xylem types frequently recovered from archaeological contexts. As such, this pilot study also assesses important issues of archaeological sampling and the geographical factors that influence Sr uptake in cedar trees of this region. While the regional signatures are distinct in most cases, small sample sizes and range overlap indicate the need for additional methods to make a case for a certain source forest. Alone, this method continues to be best used to disprove assumed wood provenances.},
  author       = {Rich, Sara and Manning, Sturt W and Degryse, Patrick and Vanhaecke, Frank and Van Lerberghe, Karel},
  issn         = {1866-9557},
  journal      = {ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES},
  keyword      = {Cedrus sp,Dendroprovenance,East Mediterranean,Strontium isotopes,Timber trade,TREE-RINGS,NEW-MEXICO,FORESTED WATERSHEDS,CEDRUS-LIBANI,CHACO CANYON,SR,POLLUTION,LEBANON,TURKEY,URBAN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {467--476},
  title        = {Provenancing East Mediterranean cedar wood with the 87Sr/86Sr strontium isotope ratio},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12520-015-0242-7},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Rich, Sara, Sturt W Manning, Patrick Degryse, Frank Vanhaecke, and Karel Van Lerberghe. 2016. “Provenancing East Mediterranean Cedar Wood with the 87Sr/86Sr Strontium Isotope Ratio.” Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 8 (3): 467–476.
APA
Rich, S., Manning, S. W., Degryse, P., Vanhaecke, F., & Van Lerberghe, K. (2016). Provenancing East Mediterranean cedar wood with the 87Sr/86Sr strontium isotope ratio. ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 8(3), 467–476.
Vancouver
1.
Rich S, Manning SW, Degryse P, Vanhaecke F, Van Lerberghe K. Provenancing East Mediterranean cedar wood with the 87Sr/86Sr strontium isotope ratio. ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2016;8(3):467–76.
MLA
Rich, Sara, Sturt W Manning, Patrick Degryse, et al. “Provenancing East Mediterranean Cedar Wood with the 87Sr/86Sr Strontium Isotope Ratio.” ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES 8.3 (2016): 467–476. Print.