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Private practitioners' contributions to the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme in a South Indian district

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Abstract
SETTING: Tumkur District, South India. OBJECTIVE: To assess the participation of for-profit, formal private practitioners (PPs) under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme's (RNTCP's) public-private mix (PPM) schemes and document their contribution to RNTCP pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) case finding. DESIGN: RNTCP reports at district TB centre were reviewed. PPs were mapped and their referrals of presumptive TB cases to the RNTCP during 2011 were assessed using laboratory registers at designated microscopy centres (DMCs). RESULTS: None of the 424 PPs had signed up for any PPM scheme. However, 22% made at least one referral to a DMC in 2011. PP referrals constituted 15% of the presumptive TB cases examined at the DMCs, and PPs contributed to 23% of the sputum smear-positive TB cases detected. Among PP referrals, the proportion of confirmed smear-positive cases was high (24%). CONCLUSION: Fifteen years after the start of PPM, formal engagement of PPs with RNTCP was nonexistent. However, PPs do refer cases to the RNTCP and contribute to a fraction of TB case detection. The high proportion of confirmed sputum smear-positive cases suggests that PPs tend to make selective referrals. More efforts are needed to promote the engagement of PPs in the RNTCP.
Keywords
TB CONTROL, CARE, MIX, PARTNERSHIP, SECTOR, private practitioners, public-private mix schemes, pulmonary, tuberculosis, referrals, RNTCP

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Chicago
Yellappa, V, T Battaglioli, SK Gurum, D Narayanan, and Patrick Van Der Stuyft. 2016. “Private Practitioners’ Contributions to the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme in a South Indian District.” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 20 (5): 659–665.
APA
Yellappa, V, Battaglioli, T., Gurum, S., Narayanan, D., & Van Der Stuyft, P. (2016). Private practitioners’ contributions to the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme in a South Indian district. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE, 20(5), 659–665.
Vancouver
1.
Yellappa V, Battaglioli T, Gurum S, Narayanan D, Van Der Stuyft P. Private practitioners’ contributions to the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme in a South Indian district. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE. 2016;20(5):659–65.
MLA
Yellappa, V, T Battaglioli, SK Gurum, et al. “Private Practitioners’ Contributions to the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme in a South Indian District.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE 20.5 (2016): 659–665. Print.
@article{8511540,
  abstract     = {SETTING: Tumkur District, South India. 
OBJECTIVE: To assess the participation of for-profit, formal private practitioners (PPs) under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme's (RNTCP's) public-private mix (PPM) schemes and document their contribution to RNTCP pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) case finding. 
DESIGN: RNTCP reports at district TB centre were reviewed. PPs were mapped and their referrals of presumptive TB cases to the RNTCP during 2011 were assessed using laboratory registers at designated microscopy centres (DMCs). 
RESULTS: None of the 424 PPs had signed up for any PPM scheme. However, 22\% made at least one referral to a DMC in 2011. PP referrals constituted 15\% of the presumptive TB cases examined at the DMCs, and PPs contributed to 23\% of the sputum smear-positive TB cases detected. Among PP referrals, the proportion of confirmed smear-positive cases was high (24\%). 
CONCLUSION: Fifteen years after the start of PPM, formal engagement of PPs with RNTCP was nonexistent. However, PPs do refer cases to the RNTCP and contribute to a fraction of TB case detection. The high proportion of confirmed sputum smear-positive cases suggests that PPs tend to make selective referrals. More efforts are needed to promote the engagement of PPs in the RNTCP.},
  author       = {Yellappa, V and Battaglioli, T and Gurum, SK and Narayanan, D and Van Der Stuyft, Patrick},
  issn         = {1027-3719},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE},
  keyword      = {TB CONTROL,CARE,MIX,PARTNERSHIP,SECTOR,private practitioners,public-private mix schemes,pulmonary,tuberculosis,referrals,RNTCP},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {659--665},
  title        = {Private practitioners' contributions to the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme in a South Indian district},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.15.0724},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2016},
}

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