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Reinitialised versus continuous regional climate simulations using ALARO-0 coupled to the land surface model SURFEXv5

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Abstract
Dynamical downscaling in a continuous approach using initial and boundary conditions from a reanalysis or a global climate model is a common method for simulating the regional climate. The simulation potential can be improved by applying an alternative approach of reinitialising the atmosphere, combined with either a daily reinitialised or a continuous land surface. We evaluated the dependence of the simulation potential on the running mode of the regional climate model ALARO coupled to the land surface model Meteo-France SURFace EXternalisee (SUR-FEX), and driven by the ERA-Interim reanalysis. Three types of downscaling simulations were carried out for a 10-year period from 1991 to 2000, over a western European domain at 20 km horizontal resolution: (1) a continuous simulation of both the atmosphere and the land surface, (2) a simulation with daily reinitialisations for both the atmosphere and the land surface and (3) a simulation with daily reinitialisations of the atmosphere while the land surface is kept continuous. The results showed that the daily reinitialisation of the atmosphere improved the simulation of the 2m temperature for all seasons. It revealed a neutral impact on the daily precipitation totals during winter, but the results were improved for the summer when the land surface was kept continuous. The behaviour of the three model configurations varied among different climatic regimes. Their seasonal cycle for the 2m temperature and daily precipitation totals was very similar for a Mediterranean climate, but more variable for temperate and continental climate regimes. Commonly, the summer climate is characterised by strong interactions between the atmosphere and the land surface. The results for summer demonstrated that the use of a daily reinitialised atmosphere improved the representation of the partitioning of the surface energy fluxes. Therefore, we recommend using the alternative approach of the daily reinitialisation of the atmosphere for the simulation of the regional climate.
Keywords
EURO-CORDEX, PREDICTION MODELS, RESOLUTION, SCHEME, PARAMETERIZATION, ENERGY, PRECIPITATION, PERFORMANCE, VARIABILITY, CONVECTION

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Chicago
Berckmans, Julie, Olivier Giot, Rozemien De Troch, Rafiq Hamdi, Reinhart Ceulemans, and Piet Termonia. 2017. “Reinitialised Versus Continuous Regional Climate Simulations Using ALARO-0 Coupled to the Land Surface Model SURFEXv5.” Geoscientific Model Development 10 (1): 223–238.
APA
Berckmans, J., Giot, O., De Troch, R., Hamdi, R., Ceulemans, R., & Termonia, P. (2017). Reinitialised versus continuous regional climate simulations using ALARO-0 coupled to the land surface model SURFEXv5. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT, 10(1), 223–238.
Vancouver
1.
Berckmans J, Giot O, De Troch R, Hamdi R, Ceulemans R, Termonia P. Reinitialised versus continuous regional climate simulations using ALARO-0 coupled to the land surface model SURFEXv5. GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT. 2017;10(1):223–38.
MLA
Berckmans, Julie, Olivier Giot, Rozemien De Troch, et al. “Reinitialised Versus Continuous Regional Climate Simulations Using ALARO-0 Coupled to the Land Surface Model SURFEXv5.” GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT 10.1 (2017): 223–238. Print.
@article{8511215,
  abstract     = {Dynamical downscaling in a continuous approach using initial and boundary conditions from a reanalysis or a global climate model is a common method for simulating the regional climate. The simulation potential can be improved by applying an alternative approach of reinitialising the atmosphere, combined with either a daily reinitialised or a continuous land surface. We evaluated the dependence of the simulation potential on the running mode of the regional climate model ALARO coupled to the land surface model Meteo-France SURFace EXternalisee (SUR-FEX), and driven by the ERA-Interim reanalysis. Three types of downscaling simulations were carried out for a 10-year period from 1991 to 2000, over a western European domain at 20 km horizontal resolution: (1) a continuous simulation of both the atmosphere and the land surface, (2) a simulation with daily reinitialisations for both the atmosphere and the land surface and (3) a simulation with daily reinitialisations of the atmosphere while the land surface is kept continuous. The results showed that the daily reinitialisation of the atmosphere improved the simulation of the 2m temperature for all seasons. It revealed a neutral impact on the daily precipitation totals during winter, but the results were improved for the summer when the land surface was kept continuous. The behaviour of the three model configurations varied among different climatic regimes. Their seasonal cycle for the 2m temperature and daily precipitation totals was very similar for a Mediterranean climate, but more variable for temperate and continental climate regimes. Commonly, the summer climate is characterised by strong interactions between the atmosphere and the land surface. The results for summer demonstrated that the use of a daily reinitialised atmosphere improved the representation of the partitioning of the surface energy fluxes. Therefore, we recommend using the alternative approach of the daily reinitialisation of the atmosphere for the simulation of the regional climate.},
  author       = {Berckmans, Julie and Giot, Olivier and De Troch, Rozemien and Hamdi, Rafiq and Ceulemans, Reinhart and Termonia, Piet},
  issn         = {1991-959X},
  journal      = {GEOSCIENTIFIC MODEL DEVELOPMENT},
  keywords     = {EURO-CORDEX,PREDICTION MODELS,RESOLUTION,SCHEME,PARAMETERIZATION,ENERGY,PRECIPITATION,PERFORMANCE,VARIABILITY,CONVECTION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {223--238},
  title        = {Reinitialised versus continuous regional climate simulations using ALARO-0 coupled to the land surface model SURFEXv5},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-223-2017},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2017},
}

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