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Examining bidirectional relationships between parenting and child maladjustment in youth with autism spectrum disorder : a 9-year longitudinal study

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Abstract
Longitudinal bidirectional effects between parents and children are usually studied in samples of typically developing children, but remain understudied in families with a child with autism spectrum disorder. This three-wave longitudinal study examined how parents and children with autism spectrum disorder influence one another, relying on parent reports of parenting behaviors and children's problem behaviors across 9 years, in a sample of 139 youngsters (M age Time 1 = 10.2 years, 83% boys). Cross-lagged analyses indicated that children's externalizing problems at Time 1 predicted negative controlling parenting 6 years later (Time 2) that in turn predicted externalizing problems 3 years later (Time 3). Negative parental control at Time 1 also increased the risk for internalizing problems at Time 2. It was surprising that externalizing problems at Time 2 also predicted positive parental involvement at Time 3. Thus, although results indicate that externalizing problems generally elicit maladaptive reactions in parents, this study also suggests that parents adjust their way of reacting to externalizing child problems as their child reaches adolescence/emerging adulthood. Implications for future research on parenting dynamics in families with a child with autism spectrum disorder are discussed.

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Chicago
Dieleman, Lisa M, Sarah SW De Pauw, Bart Soenens, Wim Beyers, and Peter Prinzie. 2017. “Examining Bidirectional Relationships Between Parenting and Child Maladjustment in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder : a 9-year Longitudinal Study.” Development and Psychopathology.
APA
Dieleman, L. M., De Pauw, S. S., Soenens, B., Beyers, W., & Prinzie, P. (2017). Examining bidirectional relationships between parenting and child maladjustment in youth with autism spectrum disorder : a 9-year longitudinal study. DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY.
Vancouver
1.
Dieleman LM, De Pauw SS, Soenens B, Beyers W, Prinzie P. Examining bidirectional relationships between parenting and child maladjustment in youth with autism spectrum disorder : a 9-year longitudinal study. DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY. Cambridge University Press (CUP); 2017;
MLA
Dieleman, Lisa M, Sarah SW De Pauw, Bart Soenens, et al. “Examining Bidirectional Relationships Between Parenting and Child Maladjustment in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder : a 9-year Longitudinal Study.” DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY (2017): n. pag. Print.
@article{8510049,
  abstract     = {Longitudinal bidirectional effects between parents and children are usually studied in samples of typically developing children, but remain understudied in families with a child with autism spectrum disorder. This three-wave longitudinal study examined how parents and children with autism spectrum disorder influence one another, relying on parent reports of parenting behaviors and children's problem behaviors across 9 years, in a sample of 139 youngsters (M age Time 1 = 10.2 years, 83\% boys). Cross-lagged analyses indicated that children's externalizing problems at Time 1 predicted negative controlling parenting 6 years later (Time 2) that in turn predicted externalizing problems 3 years later (Time 3). Negative parental control at Time 1 also increased the risk for internalizing problems at Time 2. It was surprising that externalizing problems at Time 2 also predicted positive parental involvement at Time 3. Thus, although results indicate that externalizing problems generally elicit maladaptive reactions in parents, this study also suggests that parents adjust their way of reacting to externalizing child problems as their child reaches adolescence/emerging adulthood. Implications for future research on parenting dynamics in families with a child with autism spectrum disorder are discussed.},
  author       = {Dieleman, Lisa M and De Pauw, Sarah SW and Soenens, Bart and Beyers, Wim and Prinzie, Peter},
  issn         = {0954-5794},
  journal      = {DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press (CUP)},
  title        = {Examining bidirectional relationships between parenting and child maladjustment in youth with autism spectrum disorder : a 9-year longitudinal study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0954579416001243},
  year         = {2017},
}

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