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Risk factors associated with inpatient violence during medium security treatment

(2019) JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE. 34(17). p.3711-3736
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Abstract
Violence is a common phenomenon both in regular and forensic psychiatric settings, and has a profound impact on staff and other patients. Insight into the individual risk factors associated with violence in forensic psychiatric settings is rare and is therefore the subject of this research. A retrospective file study in three medium security units in Flanders was conducted to compare non-violent inpatients with inpatients who engaged in (verbal and physical) violent behavior. Binary logistic regression analyses were used to examine which variables contributed independently to the risk of violence. The results showed that absconding during treatment was independently associated with physical violence. A personality disorder diagnosis and general non-compliance with treatment were associated with verbal violence. Both types of violence predicted early termination of treatment. Contrary to previous research, the results from the risk assessment tools were not associated with inpatient violence. Clinical implications are discussed and include, among others, that clinicians should remain vigilant for early warning signs of non-compliance during treatment.
Keywords
aggression, violence, risk factors, forensic, medium security

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MLA
Jeandarme, Inge, et al. “Risk Factors Associated with Inpatient Violence during Medium Security Treatment.” JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE, vol. 34, no. 17, 2019, pp. 3711–36.
APA
Jeandarme, I., Wittouck, C., Vander Laenen, F., Pouls, C., Oei, T., & Bogaerts, S. (2019). Risk factors associated with inpatient violence during medium security treatment. JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE, 34(17), 3711–3736.
Chicago author-date
Jeandarme, Inge, Ciska Wittouck, Freya Vander Laenen, Claudia Pouls, TI Oei, and Stefan Bogaerts. 2019. “Risk Factors Associated with Inpatient Violence during Medium Security Treatment.” JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 34 (17): 3711–36.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Jeandarme, Inge, Ciska Wittouck, Freya Vander Laenen, Claudia Pouls, TI Oei, and Stefan Bogaerts. 2019. “Risk Factors Associated with Inpatient Violence during Medium Security Treatment.” JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 34 (17): 3711–3736.
Vancouver
1.
Jeandarme I, Wittouck C, Vander Laenen F, Pouls C, Oei T, Bogaerts S. Risk factors associated with inpatient violence during medium security treatment. JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE. 2019;34(17):3711–36.
IEEE
[1]
I. Jeandarme, C. Wittouck, F. Vander Laenen, C. Pouls, T. Oei, and S. Bogaerts, “Risk factors associated with inpatient violence during medium security treatment,” JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE, vol. 34, no. 17, pp. 3711–3736, 2019.
@article{8509797,
  abstract     = {Violence is a common phenomenon both in regular and forensic psychiatric settings, and has a profound impact on staff and other patients. Insight into the individual risk factors associated with violence in forensic psychiatric settings is rare and is therefore the subject of this research. A retrospective file study in three medium security units in Flanders was conducted to compare non-violent inpatients with inpatients who engaged in (verbal and physical) violent behavior. Binary logistic regression analyses were used to examine which variables contributed independently to the risk of violence. The results showed that absconding during treatment was independently associated with physical violence. A personality disorder diagnosis and general non-compliance with treatment were associated with verbal violence. Both types of violence predicted early termination of treatment. Contrary to previous research, the results from the risk assessment tools were not associated with inpatient violence. Clinical implications are discussed and include, among others, that clinicians should remain vigilant for early warning signs of non-compliance during treatment.},
  author       = {Jeandarme, Inge and Wittouck, Ciska and Vander Laenen, Freya and Pouls, Claudia and Oei, TI and Bogaerts, Stefan},
  issn         = {0886-2605},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE},
  keywords     = {aggression,violence,risk factors,forensic,medium security},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {17},
  pages        = {3711--3736},
  title        = {Risk factors associated with inpatient violence during medium security treatment},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260516670884},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2019},
}

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