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Opening up towards children’s languages : enhancing teachers’ tolerant practices towards multilingualism

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Abstract
Mainstream teachers struggle with linguistic diversity, often leading to restricting multilingualism. Scientific research, however, recommends including pupils' home languages in school. Various qualitative studies have evaluated implementations in schools and indicated possibilities for improving teachers' attitudes towards multilingualism. This paper evaluates an experimental implementation targeting an increase in tolerance towards multilingualism. The implementation was facilitated by external school coaches and consisted of 3 experimental tools affecting the school. Data originated from 62 Flemish primary schools (of which half were experimental schools) that participated in 3 survey waves (2012 and 2014; 763 teachers completed both waves). We used multilevel regression. We concluded that the implementation leads to higher rates of tolerance. The fulfilment of the basic conditions needed for a successful change was important, and the linguistic diversity of the pupil population and the investment by external school coaches did not affect the tolerant practices of teachers towards multilingualism.
Keywords
School improvement, multilingualism, teachers, language policy, innovation. ATTITUDES, IMPLEMENTATION, DIVERSITY, INNOVATION, EFFICACY, STUDENTS, SCHOOLS, POLICY

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MLA
Van Der Wildt, Anouk, et al. “Opening up towards Children’s Languages : Enhancing Teachers’ Tolerant Practices towards Multilingualism.” SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS AND SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT, vol. 28, no. 1, 2017, pp. 136–52, doi:10.1080/09243453.2016.1252406.
APA
Van Der Wildt, A., Van Avermaet, P., & Van Houtte, M. (2017). Opening up towards children’s languages : enhancing teachers’ tolerant practices towards multilingualism. SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS AND SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT, 28(1), 136–152. https://doi.org/10.1080/09243453.2016.1252406
Chicago author-date
Van Der Wildt, Anouk, Piet Van Avermaet, and Mieke Van Houtte. 2017. “Opening up towards Children’s Languages : Enhancing Teachers’ Tolerant Practices towards Multilingualism.” SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS AND SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT 28 (1): 136–52. https://doi.org/10.1080/09243453.2016.1252406.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Der Wildt, Anouk, Piet Van Avermaet, and Mieke Van Houtte. 2017. “Opening up towards Children’s Languages : Enhancing Teachers’ Tolerant Practices towards Multilingualism.” SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS AND SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT 28 (1): 136–152. doi:10.1080/09243453.2016.1252406.
Vancouver
1.
Van Der Wildt A, Van Avermaet P, Van Houtte M. Opening up towards children’s languages : enhancing teachers’ tolerant practices towards multilingualism. SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS AND SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT. 2017;28(1):136–52.
IEEE
[1]
A. Van Der Wildt, P. Van Avermaet, and M. Van Houtte, “Opening up towards children’s languages : enhancing teachers’ tolerant practices towards multilingualism,” SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS AND SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 136–152, 2017.
@article{8508366,
  abstract     = {{Mainstream teachers struggle with linguistic diversity, often leading to restricting multilingualism. Scientific research, however, recommends including pupils' home languages in school. Various qualitative studies have evaluated implementations in schools and indicated possibilities for improving teachers' attitudes towards multilingualism. This paper evaluates an experimental implementation targeting an increase in tolerance towards multilingualism. The implementation was facilitated by external school coaches and consisted of 3 experimental tools affecting the school. Data originated from 62 Flemish primary schools (of which half were experimental schools) that participated in 3 survey waves (2012 and 2014; 763 teachers completed both waves). We used multilevel regression. We concluded that the implementation leads to higher rates of tolerance. The fulfilment of the basic conditions needed for a successful change was important, and the linguistic diversity of the pupil population and the investment by external school coaches did not affect the tolerant practices of teachers towards multilingualism.}},
  author       = {{Van Der Wildt, Anouk and Van Avermaet, Piet and Van Houtte, Mieke}},
  issn         = {{0924-3453}},
  journal      = {{SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS AND SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT}},
  keywords     = {{School improvement,multilingualism,teachers,language policy,innovation. ATTITUDES,IMPLEMENTATION,DIVERSITY,INNOVATION,EFFICACY,STUDENTS,SCHOOLS,POLICY}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{136--152}},
  title        = {{Opening up towards children’s languages : enhancing teachers’ tolerant practices towards multilingualism}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09243453.2016.1252406}},
  volume       = {{28}},
  year         = {{2017}},
}

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