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Rejoinder : remaining challenges in investigating grade-retention effectiveness

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Abstract
This rejoinder, in response to the commentaries of Steiner, Park, and Kim (this issue) and Reshetnyak, Cham, and Hughes (this issue), discusses remaining challenges in grade retention research. First, a same-age comparison assumes that the instruments used in different grades measure ability equally well. We discuss the importance of evaluating the properties of the scaling process to address whether this assumption has been met. Second, we discuss issues in the selection of covariates to be included in the weights. Third, we discuss the unconfoundedness assumption and the problem of remaining imbalance. Finally, we provide an empirical illustration showing that studying grade-retention effectiveness comes with multiple methodological decisions that are rooted in a bias-variance trade-off.
Keywords
Bias-variance trade-off, grade retention, marginal structural models, unconfoundedness assumption, SENSITIVITY-ANALYSIS, CAUSAL INFERENCE, PROPENSITY SCORE, BIAS, SELECTION, MODEL

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Vandecandelaere, Machteld, and Stijn Vansteelandt. 2016. “Rejoinder : Remaining Challenges in Investigating Grade-retention Effectiveness.” Multivariate Behavioral Research.
APA
Vandecandelaere, M., & Vansteelandt, S. (2016). Rejoinder : remaining challenges in investigating grade-retention effectiveness. MULTIVARIATE BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH.
Vancouver
1.
Vandecandelaere M, Vansteelandt S. Rejoinder : remaining challenges in investigating grade-retention effectiveness. MULTIVARIATE BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH. 2016. p. 877–80.
MLA
Vandecandelaere, Machteld, and Stijn Vansteelandt. “Rejoinder : Remaining Challenges in Investigating Grade-retention Effectiveness.” MULTIVARIATE BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH 2016 : 877–880. Print.
@misc{8507232,
  abstract     = {This rejoinder, in response to the commentaries of Steiner, Park, and Kim (this issue) and Reshetnyak, Cham, and Hughes (this issue), discusses remaining challenges in grade retention research. First, a same-age comparison assumes that the instruments used in different grades measure ability equally well. We discuss the importance of evaluating the properties of the scaling process to address whether this assumption has been met. Second, we discuss issues in the selection of covariates to be included in the weights. Third, we discuss the unconfoundedness assumption and the problem of remaining imbalance. Finally, we provide an empirical illustration showing that studying grade-retention effectiveness comes with multiple methodological decisions that are rooted in a bias-variance trade-off.},
  author       = {Vandecandelaere, Machteld and Vansteelandt, Stijn},
  issn         = {0027-3171},
  keyword      = {Bias-variance trade-off,grade retention,marginal structural models,unconfoundedness assumption,SENSITIVITY-ANALYSIS,CAUSAL INFERENCE,PROPENSITY SCORE,BIAS,SELECTION,MODEL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {877--880},
  series       = {MULTIVARIATE BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH},
  title        = {Rejoinder : remaining challenges in investigating grade-retention effectiveness},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00273171.2016.1229171},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2016},
}

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