Advanced search
2 files | 2.47 MB

The role of executive control in resolving grammatical number conflict in sentence comprehension

André Vandierendonck (UGent) , Maaike Loncke (UGent) , Robert Hartsuiker (UGent) and Timothy Desmet (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
In sentences with a complex subject noun phrase, like “The key to the cabinets is lost”, the grammatical number of the head noun (key) may be the same or different from the modifier noun phrase (cabinets). When the number is the same, comprehension is usually easier than when it is different. Grammatical number computation may occur while processing the modifier noun (integration phase) or while processing the verb (checking phase). We investigated at which phase number conflict and plausibility of the modifier noun as subject for the verb affect processing, and we imposed a gaze-contingent tone discrimination task in either phase to test whether number computation involves executive control. At both phases, gaze durations were longer when a concurrent tone task was present. Additionally, at the integration phase, gaze durations were longer under number conflict, and this effect was enhanced by the presence of a tone task, whereas no effects of plausibility of the modifier were observed. The finding that the effect of number match was larger under load shows that computation of the grammatical number of the complex noun phrase requires executive control in the integration phase, but not in the checking phase.
Keywords
sentence comprehension, subject-verb agreement, executive control, dual-task paradigm, choice reaction time task, eye tracking

Downloads

  • ms-numbermatch-final.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 380.33 KB
  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 2.09 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Vandierendonck, André, Maaike Loncke, Robert Hartsuiker, and Timothy Desmet. 2018. “The Role of Executive Control in Resolving Grammatical Number Conflict in Sentence Comprehension.” Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (3): 759–778.
APA
Vandierendonck, A., Loncke, M., Hartsuiker, R., & Desmet, T. (2018). The role of executive control in resolving grammatical number conflict in sentence comprehension. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY , 71(3), 759–778.
Vancouver
1.
Vandierendonck A, Loncke M, Hartsuiker R, Desmet T. The role of executive control in resolving grammatical number conflict in sentence comprehension. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY . Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis; 2018;71(3):759–78.
MLA
Vandierendonck, André et al. “The Role of Executive Control in Resolving Grammatical Number Conflict in Sentence Comprehension.” QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 71.3 (2018): 759–778. Print.
@article{8507190,
  abstract     = {In sentences with a complex subject noun phrase, like {\textquotedblleft}The key to the cabinets is lost{\textquotedblright}, the grammatical number of the head noun (key) may be the same or different from the modifier noun phrase (cabinets).  When the number is the same, comprehension is usually easier than when it is different. Grammatical number computation may occur while processing the modifier noun (integration phase) or while processing the verb (checking phase).  We investigated at which phase number conflict and plausibility of the modifier noun as subject for the verb affect processing, and we imposed a gaze-contingent tone discrimination task in either phase to test whether number computation involves executive control.  At both phases, gaze durations were longer when a concurrent tone task was present.  Additionally, at the integration phase, gaze durations were longer under number conflict, and this effect was enhanced by the presence of a tone task, whereas no effects of plausibility of the modifier were observed. The finding that the effect of number match was larger under load shows that computation of the grammatical number of the complex noun phrase requires executive control in the integration phase, but not in the checking phase.},
  author       = {Vandierendonck, Andr{\'e} and Loncke, Maaike and Hartsuiker, Robert and Desmet, Timothy},
  issn         = {1747-0218},
  journal      = {QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY },
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {759--778},
  publisher    = {Routledge Journals, Taylor \& Francis},
  title        = {The role of executive control in resolving grammatical number conflict in sentence comprehension},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2016.1276610},
  volume       = {71},
  year         = {2018},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: