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Higher perceived risks of antimicrobial use are related to lower usage among pig farmers in four European countries

VHM Visschers, Merel Postma UGent, M Sjölund, A Backhans, L Collineau, S Loesken, C Belloc, Jeroen Dewulf UGent, U Emanuelson, E Grosse Beilage, et al. (2016) VETERINARY RECORD. 179(19). p.490-496
abstract
The prudent use of antimicrobials (AMs) should be widened in pig farming to reduce the risk of AM resistance (AMR) in human and veterinary medicine. It is therefore important to understand pig farmers' motivators and the barriers to AM usage (AMU) on their farms. The authors investigated pig farmers' self-estimated levels of AMU, their perceived benefits and risks and the need for AMs in a cross-sectional survey in Belgium, France, Germany and Sweden. The authors also compared these perceptions between the four countries and related them to pig farmers' actual AMU. The results showed that farmers who used more AMs also estimated their own usage as higher. Farmers perceived many benefits but relatively few risks of AMU in pig farming. Some significant cross-country differences in farmers' perceptions were found, but they were relatively small. After controlling for country differences and farm differences, only perceived risks had a significant association with AMU. The authors therefore conclude that in order to promote prudent AMU, it seems most promising to focus on the structural differences in pig farming and veterinary medicine (e.g. legislation, role of the veterinarian) among countries. In addition, interventions which aim at reducing AMU should increase farmers' awareness of the risks of extensive AMU.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
ATTITUDES, ANTIBIOTICS, PERCEPTIONS, MANAGEMENT, RESISTANCE, BEHAVIOR, SWEDISH, BELGIUM, SWEDEN, HEALTH
journal title
VETERINARY RECORD
Vet. Rec.
volume
179
issue
19
pages
490 - 496
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000389343400020
JCR category
VETERINARY SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
1.737 (2016)
JCR rank
25/136 (2016)
JCR quartile
1 (2016)
ISSN
0042-4900
DOI
10.1136/vr.103844
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
8507090
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8507090
date created
2017-02-02 13:51:30
date last changed
2017-05-22 12:47:29
@article{8507090,
  abstract     = {The prudent use of antimicrobials (AMs) should be widened in pig farming to reduce the risk of AM resistance (AMR) in human and veterinary medicine. It is therefore important to understand pig farmers' motivators and the barriers to AM usage (AMU) on their farms. The authors investigated pig farmers' self-estimated levels of AMU, their perceived benefits and risks and the need for AMs in a cross-sectional survey in Belgium, France, Germany and Sweden. The authors also compared these perceptions between the four countries and related them to pig farmers' actual AMU. The results showed that farmers who used more AMs also estimated their own usage as higher. Farmers perceived many benefits but relatively few risks of AMU in pig farming. Some significant cross-country differences in farmers' perceptions were found, but they were relatively small. After controlling for country differences and farm differences, only perceived risks had a significant association with AMU. The authors therefore conclude that in order to promote prudent AMU, it seems most promising to focus on the structural differences in pig farming and veterinary medicine (e.g. legislation, role of the veterinarian) among countries. In addition, interventions which aim at reducing AMU should increase farmers' awareness of the risks of extensive AMU.},
  author       = {Visschers, VHM and Postma, Merel and Sj{\"o}lund, M and Backhans, A and Collineau, L and Loesken, S and Belloc, C and Dewulf, Jeroen and Emanuelson, U and Grosse Beilage, E and Siegrist, M and St{\"a}rk, KDC},
  issn         = {0042-4900},
  journal      = {VETERINARY RECORD},
  keyword      = {ATTITUDES,ANTIBIOTICS,PERCEPTIONS,MANAGEMENT,RESISTANCE,BEHAVIOR,SWEDISH,BELGIUM,SWEDEN,HEALTH},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {19},
  pages        = {490--496},
  title        = {Higher perceived risks of antimicrobial use are related to lower usage among pig farmers in four European countries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.103844},
  volume       = {179},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Visschers, VHM, Merel Postma, M Sjölund, A Backhans, L Collineau, S Loesken, C Belloc, et al. 2016. “Higher Perceived Risks of Antimicrobial Use Are Related to Lower Usage Among Pig Farmers in Four European Countries.” Veterinary Record 179 (19): 490–496.
APA
Visschers, V., Postma, M., Sjölund, M., Backhans, A., Collineau, L., Loesken, S., Belloc, C., et al. (2016). Higher perceived risks of antimicrobial use are related to lower usage among pig farmers in four European countries. VETERINARY RECORD, 179(19), 490–496.
Vancouver
1.
Visschers V, Postma M, Sjölund M, Backhans A, Collineau L, Loesken S, et al. Higher perceived risks of antimicrobial use are related to lower usage among pig farmers in four European countries. VETERINARY RECORD. 2016;179(19):490–6.
MLA
Visschers, VHM, Merel Postma, M Sjölund, et al. “Higher Perceived Risks of Antimicrobial Use Are Related to Lower Usage Among Pig Farmers in Four European Countries.” VETERINARY RECORD 179.19 (2016): 490–496. Print.