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Regional patterns of δ13C and δ15N stable isotopes of size-fractionated zooplankton in the western tropical North Pacific Ocean

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Abstract
Zooplankton play a prominent role in the biogeochemical cycles of marine ecosystems. Little is known about the trophodynamics of zooplankton in response to geographic patterns in isotopic baselines and physical processes in the western tropical North Pacific. In this study, stable isotope ratios of five size fractions of zooplankton (100 to > 2000 mu m) from different current regions in the western tropical North Pacific Ocean were analyzed. Both delta C-13 and delta N-15 isotopic values increased with zooplankton size class. The largest zooplankton group (> 2000 mu m), with a diverse composition, showed relatively higher stable isotope signatures, covering a wider range. Regional variations in the zooplankton stable isotope signatures were similar across all size classes, with generally higher values in the North Equatorial Counter Current (NECC) and the North Equatorial Current (NEC) and lower values in the Subtropical Counter Current (STCC). These regional patterns of zooplankton isotope signatures were consistent with the variation of oceanographic features (temperature, salinity, nutrients, chlorophyll a) and were also related to the isotopic baselines of particulate organic matter (POM) in the different current regions. Moreover, the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria Trichodesmium spp. may be the main contributor to low delta N-15 values in the STCC. The results of this study demonstrate the influence of physical processes on the stable isotopic signatures of zooplankton. This baseline information is crucial for future food web studies in the western tropical North Pacific Ocean.
Keywords
Stable isotopes, Size-fractionated zooplankton, Western Pacific Ocean, Isotopic baseline, Current, PARTICULATE ORGANIC-MATTER, NW MEDITERRANEAN SEA, NITROGEN-FIXATION, FATTY-ACID, FOOD WEBS, TROPHIC RELATIONSHIPS, SEASONAL-VARIATION, EQUATORIAL CURRENT, BOUNDARY CURRENTS, N-2 FIXATION

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Chicago
Yang, Guang, Chaolun Li, Katja Guilini, Xiaocheng Wang, and Yanqing Wang. 2017. “Regional Patterns of δ13C and δ15N Stable Isotopes of Size-fractionated Zooplankton in the Western Tropical North Pacific Ocean.” Deep-sea Research Part I-oceanographic Research Papers 120: 39–47.
APA
Yang, G., Li, C., Guilini, K., Wang, X., & Wang, Y. (2017). Regional patterns of δ13C and δ15N stable isotopes of size-fractionated zooplankton in the western tropical North Pacific Ocean. DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART I-OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH PAPERS, 120, 39–47.
Vancouver
1.
Yang G, Li C, Guilini K, Wang X, Wang Y. Regional patterns of δ13C and δ15N stable isotopes of size-fractionated zooplankton in the western tropical North Pacific Ocean. DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART I-OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH PAPERS. 2017;120:39–47.
MLA
Yang, Guang, Chaolun Li, Katja Guilini, et al. “Regional Patterns of δ13C and δ15N Stable Isotopes of Size-fractionated Zooplankton in the Western Tropical North Pacific Ocean.” DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART I-OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH PAPERS 120 (2017): 39–47. Print.
@article{8506898,
  abstract     = {Zooplankton play a prominent role in the biogeochemical cycles of marine ecosystems. Little is known about the trophodynamics of zooplankton in response to geographic patterns in isotopic baselines and physical processes in the western tropical North Pacific. In this study, stable isotope ratios of five size fractions of zooplankton (100 to {\textrangle} 2000 mu m) from different current regions in the western tropical North Pacific Ocean were analyzed. Both delta C-13 and delta N-15 isotopic values increased with zooplankton size class. The largest zooplankton group ({\textrangle} 2000 mu m), with a diverse composition, showed relatively higher stable isotope signatures, covering a wider range. Regional variations in the zooplankton stable isotope signatures were similar across all size classes, with generally higher values in the North Equatorial Counter Current (NECC) and the North Equatorial Current (NEC) and lower values in the Subtropical Counter Current (STCC). These regional patterns of zooplankton isotope signatures were consistent with the variation of oceanographic features (temperature, salinity, nutrients, chlorophyll a) and were also related to the isotopic baselines of particulate organic matter (POM) in the different current regions. Moreover, the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria Trichodesmium spp. may be the main contributor to low delta N-15 values in the STCC. The results of this study demonstrate the influence of physical processes on the stable isotopic signatures of zooplankton. This baseline information is crucial for future food web studies in the western tropical North Pacific Ocean.},
  author       = {Yang, Guang and Li, Chaolun and Guilini, Katja and Wang, Xiaocheng and Wang, Yanqing},
  issn         = {0967-0637},
  journal      = {DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART I-OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH PAPERS},
  keyword      = {Stable isotopes,Size-fractionated zooplankton,Western Pacific Ocean,Isotopic baseline,Current,PARTICULATE ORGANIC-MATTER,NW MEDITERRANEAN SEA,NITROGEN-FIXATION,FATTY-ACID,FOOD WEBS,TROPHIC RELATIONSHIPS,SEASONAL-VARIATION,EQUATORIAL CURRENT,BOUNDARY CURRENTS,N-2 FIXATION},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {39--47},
  title        = {Regional patterns of \ensuremath{\delta}13C and \ensuremath{\delta}15N stable isotopes of size-fractionated zooplankton in the western tropical North Pacific Ocean},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2016.12.007},
  volume       = {120},
  year         = {2017},
}

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