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Impact of low-energy nuclear excitations on neutrino-nucleus scattering at MiniBooNE and T2K kinematics

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Abstract
Background: Meticulous modeling of neutrino-nucleus interactions is essential to achieve the unprecedented precision goals of present and future accelerator-based neutrino-oscillation experiments. Purpose: Confront our calculations of charged-current quasielastic cross sections with the measurements of MiniBooNE and T2K, and to quantitatively investigate the role of nuclear-structure effects, in particular, low-energy nuclear excitations in forward muon scattering. Method: The model takes the mean-field approach as the starting point, and solves Hartree-Fock (HF) equations using a Skyrme (SkE2) nucleon-nucleon interaction. Long-range nuclear correlations are taken into account by means of the continuum random-phase approximation (CRPA) framework. Results: We present our calculations on flux-folded double differential, and flux-unfolded total cross sections off C-12 and compare them with MiniBooNE and (off-axis) T2K measurements. We discuss the importance of low-energy nuclear excitations for the forward bins. Conclusions: The HF and CRPA predictions describe the gross features of the measured cross sections. They underpredict the data (more in the neutrino than in the antineutrino case) because of the absence of processes beyond pure quasielastic scattering in our model. At very forward muon scattering, low-energy HF-CRPA nuclear excitations (omega < 50 MeV) account for nearly 50% of the flux-folded cross section. This extra low-energy strength is a feature of the detailed microscopic nuclear model used here, that is not accessed in a Fermi-gas based approach.
Keywords
MESON-EXCHANGE CURRENTS, CROSS-SECTIONS, MODEL

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Chicago
Pandey, Vishvas, Natalie Jachowicz, Marco Martini, Raúl González Jiménez, Jan Ryckebusch, Tom Van Cuyck, and Nils Van Dessel. 2016. “Impact of Low-energy Nuclear Excitations on Neutrino-nucleus Scattering at MiniBooNE and T2K Kinematics.” Physical Review C 94 (5).
APA
Pandey, V., Jachowicz, N., Martini, M., González Jiménez, R., Ryckebusch, J., Van Cuyck, T., & Van Dessel, N. (2016). Impact of low-energy nuclear excitations on neutrino-nucleus scattering at MiniBooNE and T2K kinematics. PHYSICAL REVIEW C, 94(5).
Vancouver
1.
Pandey V, Jachowicz N, Martini M, González Jiménez R, Ryckebusch J, Van Cuyck T, et al. Impact of low-energy nuclear excitations on neutrino-nucleus scattering at MiniBooNE and T2K kinematics. PHYSICAL REVIEW C. 2016;94(5).
MLA
Pandey, Vishvas, Natalie Jachowicz, Marco Martini, et al. “Impact of Low-energy Nuclear Excitations on Neutrino-nucleus Scattering at MiniBooNE and T2K Kinematics.” PHYSICAL REVIEW C 94.5 (2016): n. pag. Print.
@article{8506178,
  abstract     = {Background: Meticulous modeling of neutrino-nucleus interactions is essential to achieve the unprecedented precision goals of present and future accelerator-based neutrino-oscillation experiments. 
Purpose: Confront our calculations of charged-current quasielastic cross sections with the measurements of MiniBooNE and T2K, and to quantitatively investigate the role of nuclear-structure effects, in particular, low-energy nuclear excitations in forward muon scattering. 
Method: The model takes the mean-field approach as the starting point, and solves Hartree-Fock (HF) equations using a Skyrme (SkE2) nucleon-nucleon interaction. Long-range nuclear correlations are taken into account by means of the continuum random-phase approximation (CRPA) framework. 
Results: We present our calculations on flux-folded double differential, and flux-unfolded total cross sections off C-12 and compare them with MiniBooNE and (off-axis) T2K measurements. We discuss the importance of low-energy nuclear excitations for the forward bins. 
Conclusions: The HF and CRPA predictions describe the gross features of the measured cross sections. They underpredict the data (more in the neutrino than in the antineutrino case) because of the absence of processes beyond pure quasielastic scattering in our model. At very forward muon scattering, low-energy HF-CRPA nuclear excitations (omega {\textlangle} 50 MeV) account for nearly 50\% of the flux-folded cross section. This extra low-energy strength is a feature of the detailed microscopic nuclear model used here, that is not accessed in a Fermi-gas based approach.},
  articleno    = {054609},
  author       = {Pandey, Vishvas and Jachowicz, Natalie and Martini, Marco and Gonz{\'a}lez Jim{\'e}nez, Ra{\'u}l and Ryckebusch, Jan and Van Cuyck, Tom and Van Dessel, Nils},
  issn         = {2469-9985},
  journal      = {PHYSICAL REVIEW C},
  keyword      = {MESON-EXCHANGE CURRENTS,CROSS-SECTIONS,MODEL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {7},
  title        = {Impact of low-energy nuclear excitations on neutrino-nucleus scattering at MiniBooNE and T2K kinematics},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/physrevc.94.054609},
  volume       = {94},
  year         = {2016},
}

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