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Do coffee cooperatives benefit farmers? : an exploration of heterogeneous impact of coffee cooperative membership in Southwest Ethiopia

Zekarias Shumeta and Marijke D'Haese UGent (2016) INTERNATIONAL FOOD AND AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT REVIEW. 19(4). p.37-52
abstract
Smallholder farmers' participation in agricultural cooperatives is often promoted as a promising strategy for overcoming market imperfections and to increase farmers' productivity and income. In recognition of this potential, in recent years, Ethiopia has shown renewed interest in promoting cooperatives. However, there is lack of empirical evidence of the impact that cooperatives have on farmers' performance in Ethiopia. Using a matching technique, we evaluate the impact of coffee cooperatives on the performance of their member households in terms of income and coffee production. We use data from coffee farmers in south-west Ethiopia. The overall results suggest that members of cooperatives are not faring much better than non-members. The treatment effects we measured were not statistically significant from zero. Yet, the aggregate figures mask differences between cooperatives and amongst individual cooperative members. Average treatment effects on members differ between cooperatives, in general older members, those who have benefitted from more education and those with larger coffee plantations seem to benefit more from membership. Our analysis sheds light on the heterogeneity in the impact that membership of a cooperative can have: this differs by cooperative and by members within cooperatives, a finding that has important policy implications.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES, PROPENSITY SCORE, COLLECTIVE ACTION, SMALLHOLDERS, ADOPTION, ESTIMATOR, PROGRAM, RWANDA, coffee, cooperatives, Ethiopia, performance, propensity score matching, heterogeneity
journal title
INTERNATIONAL FOOD AND AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT REVIEW
Int. Food Agribus. Manag. Rev.
volume
19
issue
4
pages
37 - 52
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000391050200003
JCR category
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS & POLICY
JCR impact factor
0.443 (2016)
JCR rank
15/17 (2016)
JCR quartile
4 (2016)
ISSN
1559-2448
DOI
10.22434/IFAMR2015.0110
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
8504512
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8504512
date created
2017-01-26 09:13:19
date last changed
2017-03-14 13:20:11
@article{8504512,
  abstract     = {Smallholder farmers' participation in agricultural cooperatives is often promoted as a promising strategy for overcoming market imperfections and to increase farmers' productivity and income. In recognition of this potential, in recent years, Ethiopia has shown renewed interest in promoting cooperatives. However, there is lack of empirical evidence of the impact that cooperatives have on farmers' performance in Ethiopia. Using a matching technique, we evaluate the impact of coffee cooperatives on the performance of their member households in terms of income and coffee production. We use data from coffee farmers in south-west Ethiopia. The overall results suggest that members of cooperatives are not faring much better than non-members. The treatment effects we measured were not statistically significant from zero. Yet, the aggregate figures mask differences between cooperatives and amongst individual cooperative members. Average treatment effects on members differ between cooperatives, in general older members, those who have benefitted from more education and those with larger coffee plantations seem to benefit more from membership. Our analysis sheds light on the heterogeneity in the impact that membership of a cooperative can have: this differs by cooperative and by members within cooperatives, a finding that has important policy implications.},
  author       = {Shumeta, Zekarias and D'Haese, Marijke},
  issn         = {1559-2448},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL FOOD AND AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT REVIEW},
  keyword      = {AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES,PROPENSITY SCORE,COLLECTIVE ACTION,SMALLHOLDERS,ADOPTION,ESTIMATOR,PROGRAM,RWANDA,coffee,cooperatives,Ethiopia,performance,propensity score matching,heterogeneity},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {37--52},
  title        = {Do coffee cooperatives benefit farmers? : an exploration of heterogeneous impact of coffee cooperative membership in Southwest Ethiopia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.22434/IFAMR2015.0110},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Shumeta, Zekarias, and Marijke D’Haese. 2016. “Do Coffee Cooperatives Benefit Farmers? : an Exploration of Heterogeneous Impact of Coffee Cooperative Membership in Southwest Ethiopia.” International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 19 (4): 37–52.
APA
Shumeta, Z., & D’Haese, M. (2016). Do coffee cooperatives benefit farmers? : an exploration of heterogeneous impact of coffee cooperative membership in Southwest Ethiopia. INTERNATIONAL FOOD AND AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT REVIEW, 19(4), 37–52.
Vancouver
1.
Shumeta Z, D’Haese M. Do coffee cooperatives benefit farmers? : an exploration of heterogeneous impact of coffee cooperative membership in Southwest Ethiopia. INTERNATIONAL FOOD AND AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT REVIEW. 2016;19(4):37–52.
MLA
Shumeta, Zekarias, and Marijke D’Haese. “Do Coffee Cooperatives Benefit Farmers? : an Exploration of Heterogeneous Impact of Coffee Cooperative Membership in Southwest Ethiopia.” INTERNATIONAL FOOD AND AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT REVIEW 19.4 (2016): 37–52. Print.