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Victims of disaster : can ethical debriefings be of help to care for their suffering?

Ignaas Devisch UGent, Stijn Vanheule UGent, Myriam Deveugele UGent, Iskra Nola, Murat Civaner and Peter Pype UGent (2017) MEDICINE HEALTH CARE AND PHILOSOPHY. 20(2). p.257-267
abstract
Victims of disaster suffer, not only at the very moment of the disaster, but also years after the disaster has taken place, they are still in an emotional journey. While many moral perspectives focus on the moment of the disaster itself, a lot of work is to be done years after the disaster. How do people go through their suffering and how can we take care of them? Research on human suffering after a major catastrophe, using an ethics of care perspective, is scarce. People suffering from disasters are often called to be in distress and their emotional difficulties 'medicalised'. This brings them often into a situation of long term use of medication, and one can wonder if medication is of help to them in the long run. In our paper, we will explore another moral perspective, focusing on the importance of the victims' narrative and their lived experiences. We will use Paul Ricoeur's phenomenological reflections from 'Suffering is not the same as pain' for conceptualizing human suffering and how to apply it to victims of disaster. Ricoeur suggests that suffering is not a quantity that can be measured, but a characteristic that should be studied qualitatively in interpersonal and narrative contexts. Above all, the perspective of care and listening could offer an opportunity to reconcile people from their loss and suffering.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Disaster ethics, Concept of mental health, Patient perspective, Philosophical ethics, Quality/value of life/personhood, Paul Ricoeur, NARRATIVE APPROACH, NURSING-RESEARCH, MENTAL-ILLNESS, MEDICINE, EXPERIENCE, SURVIVORS, PHENOMENOLOGY, PERSPECTIVE, HEALTH, STORY
journal title
MEDICINE HEALTH CARE AND PHILOSOPHY
Med. Health Care Philos.
volume
20
issue
2
pages
257 - 267
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000419844500011
ISSN
1386-7423
1572-8633
DOI
10.1007/s11019-016-9742-1
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
8503406
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8503406
date created
2017-01-23 09:38:57
date last changed
2018-03-19 10:40:48
@article{8503406,
  abstract     = {Victims of disaster suffer, not only at the very moment of the disaster, but also years after the disaster has taken place, they are still in an emotional journey. While many moral perspectives focus on the moment of the disaster itself, a lot of work is to be done years after the disaster. How do people go through their suffering and how can we take care of them? Research on human suffering after a major catastrophe, using an ethics of care perspective, is scarce. People suffering from disasters are often called to be in distress and their emotional difficulties 'medicalised'. This brings them often into a situation of long term use of medication, and one can wonder if medication is of help to them in the long run. In our paper, we will explore another moral perspective, focusing on the importance of the victims' narrative and their lived experiences. We will use Paul Ricoeur's phenomenological reflections from 'Suffering is not the same as pain' for conceptualizing human suffering and how to apply it to victims of disaster. Ricoeur suggests that suffering is not a quantity that can be measured, but a characteristic that should be studied qualitatively in interpersonal and narrative contexts. Above all, the perspective of care and listening could offer an opportunity to reconcile people from their loss and suffering.},
  author       = {Devisch, Ignaas and Vanheule, Stijn and Deveugele, Myriam and Nola, Iskra and Civaner, Murat and Pype, Peter},
  issn         = {1386-7423},
  journal      = {MEDICINE HEALTH CARE AND PHILOSOPHY},
  keyword      = {Disaster ethics,Concept of mental health,Patient perspective,Philosophical ethics,Quality/value of life/personhood,Paul Ricoeur,NARRATIVE APPROACH,NURSING-RESEARCH,MENTAL-ILLNESS,MEDICINE,EXPERIENCE,SURVIVORS,PHENOMENOLOGY,PERSPECTIVE,HEALTH,STORY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {257--267},
  title        = {Victims of disaster : can ethical debriefings be of help to care for their suffering?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11019-016-9742-1},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2017},
}

Chicago
Devisch, Ignaas, Stijn Vanheule, Myriam Deveugele, Iskra Nola, Murat Civaner, and Peter Pype. 2017. “Victims of Disaster : Can Ethical Debriefings Be of Help to Care for Their Suffering?” Medicine Health Care and Philosophy 20 (2): 257–267.
APA
Devisch, Ignaas, Vanheule, S., Deveugele, M., Nola, I., Civaner, M., & Pype, P. (2017). Victims of disaster : can ethical debriefings be of help to care for their suffering? MEDICINE HEALTH CARE AND PHILOSOPHY, 20(2), 257–267.
Vancouver
1.
Devisch I, Vanheule S, Deveugele M, Nola I, Civaner M, Pype P. Victims of disaster : can ethical debriefings be of help to care for their suffering? MEDICINE HEALTH CARE AND PHILOSOPHY. 2017;20(2):257–67.
MLA
Devisch, Ignaas, Stijn Vanheule, Myriam Deveugele, et al. “Victims of Disaster : Can Ethical Debriefings Be of Help to Care for Their Suffering?” MEDICINE HEALTH CARE AND PHILOSOPHY 20.2 (2017): 257–267. Print.