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An oral health survey of vulnerable older people in Belgium

(2016) CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS. 20(8). p.1903-1912
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Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to gain insight in the oral health of persons aged 65 years or more. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from 652 vulnerable older persons (≥65) by means of a clinical oral examination. Additional demographic data were gathered including age, gender, residence, and care dependency. RESULTS: The mean age of the total study sample was 83 (7.7) years and 71 % was female. Nearly 33 % of the sample was living at home with support, and 67 % was residing in nursing homes. The number of occluding pairs was low and the proportion of edentulous people was highest among persons with the highest care dependency. The mean Decay-missing-filled teeth index (DMFT) was 20.3 (9.0). A prosthetic treatment need and inadequate oral hygiene levels were observed in 40 % and more than 60 % of the subjects, respectively. The highest treatment need was observed in the oldest age group and the highest mean dental plaque in older persons with the highest care dependency. CONCLUSIONS: The oral health in frail older people in Belgium is poor. The restorative and prosthetic treatment need is high and oral hygiene levels are problematic. Age, residence, and care dependency seemed to have some influence on oral health parameters. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: In the long term, the most important future challenge of oral health care policies is to identify older adults before they begin to manifest such oral health deterioration. Regular dental visits should be strongly promoted by all (oral) health care workers during the lifespan of all persons including older adults.
Keywords
Oral health, Treatment need, Vulnerable elderly, Epidemiological study, TERM-CARE FACILITIES, NURSING-HOMES, ELDERLY-PEOPLE, DISABILITIES, RESIDENTS, HYGIENE, ADULTS, NEEDS

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MLA
De Visschere, Luc, Barbara Janssens, Griet De Reu, et al. “An Oral Health Survey of Vulnerable Older People in Belgium.” CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS 20.8 (2016): 1903–1912. Print.
APA
De Visschere, L., Janssens, B., De Reu, G., Duyck, J., & Vanobbergen, J. (2016). An oral health survey of vulnerable older people in Belgium. CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS, 20(8), 1903–1912.
Chicago author-date
De Visschere, Luc, Barbara Janssens, Griet De Reu, Joke Duyck, and Jacques Vanobbergen. 2016. “An Oral Health Survey of Vulnerable Older People in Belgium.” Clinical Oral Investigations 20 (8): 1903–1912.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Visschere, Luc, Barbara Janssens, Griet De Reu, Joke Duyck, and Jacques Vanobbergen. 2016. “An Oral Health Survey of Vulnerable Older People in Belgium.” Clinical Oral Investigations 20 (8): 1903–1912.
Vancouver
1.
De Visschere L, Janssens B, De Reu G, Duyck J, Vanobbergen J. An oral health survey of vulnerable older people in Belgium. CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS. 2016;20(8):1903–12.
IEEE
[1]
L. De Visschere, B. Janssens, G. De Reu, J. Duyck, and J. Vanobbergen, “An oral health survey of vulnerable older people in Belgium,” CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1903–1912, 2016.
@article{8503111,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to gain insight in the oral health of persons aged 65 years or more.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from 652 vulnerable older persons (≥65) by means of a clinical oral examination. Additional demographic data were gathered including age, gender, residence, and care dependency.
RESULTS: The mean age of the total study sample was 83 (7.7) years and 71 % was female. Nearly 33 % of the sample was living at home with support, and 67 % was residing in nursing homes. The number of occluding pairs was low and the proportion of edentulous people was highest among persons with the highest care dependency. The mean Decay-missing-filled teeth index (DMFT) was 20.3 (9.0). A prosthetic treatment need and inadequate oral hygiene levels were observed in 40 % and more than 60 % of the subjects, respectively. The highest treatment need was observed in the oldest age group and the highest mean dental plaque in older persons with the highest care dependency.
CONCLUSIONS: The oral health in frail older people in Belgium is poor. The restorative and prosthetic treatment need is high and oral hygiene levels are problematic. Age, residence, and care dependency seemed to have some influence on oral health parameters.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: In the long term, the most important future challenge of oral health care policies is to identify older adults before they begin to manifest such oral health deterioration. Regular dental visits should be strongly promoted by all (oral) health care workers during the lifespan of all persons including older adults.},
  author       = {De Visschere, Luc and Janssens, Barbara and De Reu, Griet and Duyck, Joke and Vanobbergen, Jacques},
  issn         = {1432-6981},
  journal      = {CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS},
  keywords     = {Oral health,Treatment need,Vulnerable elderly,Epidemiological study,TERM-CARE FACILITIES,NURSING-HOMES,ELDERLY-PEOPLE,DISABILITIES,RESIDENTS,HYGIENE,ADULTS,NEEDS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1903--1912},
  title        = {An oral health survey of vulnerable older people in Belgium},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-015-1652-8},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2016},
}

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