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A model of differential growth-guided apical hook formation in plants

(2016) PLANT CELL. 28(10). p.2464-2477
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Abstract
Differential cell growth enables flexible organ bending in the presence of environmental signals such as light or gravity. A prominent example of the developmental processes based on differential cell growth is the formation of the apical hook that protects the fragile shoot apical meristem when it breaks through the soil during germination. Here, we combined in silico and in vivo approaches to identify a minimal mechanism producing auxin gradient-guided differential growth during the establishment of the apical hook in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Computer simulation models based on experimental data demonstrate that asymmetric expression of the PIN-FORMED auxin efflux carrier at the concave ( inner) versus convex ( outer) side of the hook suffices to establish an auxin maximum in the epidermis at the concave side of the apical hook. Furthermore, we propose a mechanism that translates this maximum into differential growth, and thus curvature, of the apical hook. Through a combination of experimental and in silico computational approaches, we have identified the individual contributions of differential cell elongation and proliferation to defining the apical hook and reveal the role of auxin-ethylene crosstalk in balancing these two processes.
Keywords
ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, CELL ELONGATION, AUXIN BIOSYNTHESIS, BASAL AXIS, ETHYLENE, GENE, ROOT, EFFLUX, PROLIFERATION, EXPRESSION

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MLA
Zadnikova, Petra et al. “A Model of Differential Growth-guided Apical Hook Formation in Plants.” PLANT CELL 28.10 (2016): 2464–2477. Print.
APA
Zadnikova, P., Wabnik, K., Abuzeineh, A., Gallemi, M., Van Der Straeten, D., Smith, R. S., Inzé, D., et al. (2016). A model of differential growth-guided apical hook formation in plants. PLANT CELL, 28(10), 2464–2477.
Chicago author-date
Zadnikova, Petra, Krzysztof Wabnik, Anas Abuzeineh, Marçal Gallemi, Dominique Van Der Straeten, Richard S Smith, Dirk Inzé, Jiri Friml, Przemyslaw Prusinkiewicz, and Eva Benkova. 2016. “A Model of Differential Growth-guided Apical Hook Formation in Plants.” Plant Cell 28 (10): 2464–2477.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Zadnikova, Petra, Krzysztof Wabnik, Anas Abuzeineh, Marçal Gallemi, Dominique Van Der Straeten, Richard S Smith, Dirk Inzé, Jiri Friml, Przemyslaw Prusinkiewicz, and Eva Benkova. 2016. “A Model of Differential Growth-guided Apical Hook Formation in Plants.” Plant Cell 28 (10): 2464–2477.
Vancouver
1.
Zadnikova P, Wabnik K, Abuzeineh A, Gallemi M, Van Der Straeten D, Smith RS, et al. A model of differential growth-guided apical hook formation in plants. PLANT CELL. 2016;28(10):2464–77.
IEEE
[1]
P. Zadnikova et al., “A model of differential growth-guided apical hook formation in plants,” PLANT CELL, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 2464–2477, 2016.
@article{8503096,
  abstract     = {{Differential cell growth enables flexible organ bending in the presence of environmental signals such as light or gravity. A prominent example of the developmental processes based on differential cell growth is the formation of the apical hook that protects the fragile shoot apical meristem when it breaks through the soil during germination. Here, we combined in silico and in vivo approaches to identify a minimal mechanism producing auxin gradient-guided differential growth during the establishment of the apical hook in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Computer simulation models based on experimental data demonstrate that asymmetric expression of the PIN-FORMED auxin efflux carrier at the concave ( inner) versus convex ( outer) side of the hook suffices to establish an auxin maximum in the epidermis at the concave side of the apical hook. Furthermore, we propose a mechanism that translates this maximum into differential growth, and thus curvature, of the apical hook. Through a combination of experimental and in silico computational approaches, we have identified the individual contributions of differential cell elongation and proliferation to defining the apical hook and reveal the role of auxin-ethylene crosstalk in balancing these two processes.}},
  author       = {{Zadnikova, Petra and Wabnik, Krzysztof and Abuzeineh, Anas and Gallemi, Marçal and Van Der Straeten, Dominique and Smith, Richard S and Inzé, Dirk and Friml, Jiri and Prusinkiewicz, Przemyslaw and Benkova, Eva}},
  issn         = {{1040-4651}},
  journal      = {{PLANT CELL}},
  keywords     = {{ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA,CELL ELONGATION,AUXIN BIOSYNTHESIS,BASAL AXIS,ETHYLENE,GENE,ROOT,EFFLUX,PROLIFERATION,EXPRESSION}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{10}},
  pages        = {{2464--2477}},
  title        = {{A model of differential growth-guided apical hook formation in plants}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1105/tpc.15.00569}},
  volume       = {{28}},
  year         = {{2016}},
}

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