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Epidemiology and risk factors for leisure noise-induced hearing damage in Flemish young adults

Sofie Degeest UGent, Els Clays UGent, Paul Corthals UGent and Hannah Keppler UGent (2017) NOISE & HEALTH. 19(86). p.10-19
abstract
Context: Young people regularly expose themselves to leisure noise and are at risk for acquiring hearing damage. Aims: The objective of this study was to compare young adults' hearing status in relation to sociodemographic variables, leisure noise exposure and attitudes and beliefs towards noise. Settings and Design: A self-administered questionnaire regarding hearing, the amount of leisure noise exposure and attitudes towards noise and hearing protection as well as an audiological test battery were completed. Five hundred and seventeen subjects between 18 and 30 years were included. Subject and Methods: Hearing was evaluated using conventional audiometry, transient evoked and distortion product otoacoustic emissions. On the basis of their hearing status, participants were categorised into normal hearing, sub-clinical or clinical hearing loss. Statistical Analysis Used: Independent samples t-tests, chi-square tests and multiple regression models were used to evaluate the relation between groups based on hearing status, sociodemographics, leisure noise and attitudes towards noise. Results: Age was significantly related to hearing status. Although, the subjects in this study frequently participated in leisure activities, no significant associations between leisure noise exposure and hearing status could be detected. No relation with subjects' attitudes or the use of hearing protection devices was found. Conclusions: This study could not demonstrate clinically significant leisure noise-induced hearing damage, which may lead to more non-protective behaviour. However, the effects of leisure noise may become noticeable over a long-term use since age was found to be related with sub-clinical hearing loss. Longitudinal studies are needed to evaluate the long-term effects of noise exposure.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Attitudes, hearing loss, leisure activities, noise, young adult, PART I, EXPOSURE, ADOLESCENTS, PREVALENCE, SYMPTOMS, BELIEFS, MUSIC, THRESHOLDS, CONSCRIPTS, ATTITUDES
journal title
NOISE & HEALTH
Noise Health
volume
19
issue
86
pages
10 - 19
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000395787400002
ISSN
1463-1741
DOI
10.4103/1463-1741.199241
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
8503045
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8503045
date created
2017-01-19 15:36:09
date last changed
2017-10-06 14:49:53
@article{8503045,
  abstract     = {Context: Young people regularly expose themselves to leisure noise and are at risk for acquiring hearing damage.
Aims: The objective of this study was to compare young adults' hearing status in relation to sociodemographic variables, leisure noise exposure and attitudes and beliefs towards noise.
Settings and Design: A self-administered questionnaire regarding hearing, the amount of leisure noise exposure and attitudes towards noise and hearing protection as well as an audiological test battery were completed. Five hundred and seventeen subjects between 18 and 30 years were included.
Subject and Methods: Hearing was evaluated using conventional audiometry, transient evoked and distortion product otoacoustic emissions. On the basis of their hearing status, participants were categorised into normal hearing, sub-clinical or clinical hearing loss.
Statistical Analysis Used: Independent samples t-tests, chi-square tests and multiple regression models were used to evaluate the relation between groups based on hearing status, sociodemographics, leisure noise and attitudes towards noise.
Results: Age was significantly related to hearing status. Although, the subjects in this study frequently participated in leisure activities, no significant associations between leisure noise exposure and hearing status could be detected. No relation with subjects' attitudes or the use of hearing protection devices was found.
Conclusions: This study could not demonstrate clinically significant leisure noise-induced hearing damage, which may lead to more non-protective behaviour. However, the effects of leisure noise may become noticeable over a long-term use since age was found to be related with sub-clinical hearing loss. Longitudinal studies are needed to evaluate the long-term effects of noise exposure.},
  author       = {Degeest, Sofie and Clays, Els and Corthals, Paul and Keppler, Hannah},
  issn         = {1463-1741},
  journal      = {NOISE \& HEALTH},
  keyword      = {Attitudes,hearing loss,leisure activities,noise,young adult,PART I,EXPOSURE,ADOLESCENTS,PREVALENCE,SYMPTOMS,BELIEFS,MUSIC,THRESHOLDS,CONSCRIPTS,ATTITUDES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {86},
  pages        = {10--19},
  title        = {Epidemiology and risk factors for leisure noise-induced hearing damage in Flemish young adults},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1463-1741.199241},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2017},
}

Chicago
Degeest, Sofie, Els Clays, Paul Corthals, and Hannah Keppler. 2017. “Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Leisure Noise-induced Hearing Damage in Flemish Young Adults.” Noise & Health 19 (86): 10–19.
APA
Degeest, S., Clays, E., Corthals, P., & Keppler, H. (2017). Epidemiology and risk factors for leisure noise-induced hearing damage in Flemish young adults. NOISE & HEALTH, 19(86), 10–19.
Vancouver
1.
Degeest S, Clays E, Corthals P, Keppler H. Epidemiology and risk factors for leisure noise-induced hearing damage in Flemish young adults. NOISE & HEALTH. 2017;19(86):10–9.
MLA
Degeest, Sofie, Els Clays, Paul Corthals, et al. “Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Leisure Noise-induced Hearing Damage in Flemish Young Adults.” NOISE & HEALTH 19.86 (2017): 10–19. Print.