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The effect of tinnitus on listening effort in normal-hearing young adults : a preliminary study

Sofie Degeest (UGent) , Hannah Keppler (UGent) and Paul Corthals (UGent)
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Abstract
Purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic tinnitus on listening effort. Method: Thirteen normal-hearing young adults with chronic tinnitus were matched with a control group for age, gender, hearing thresholds, and educational level. A dual-task paradigm was used to evaluate listening effort in different listening conditions. A primary speech-recognition task and a secondary memory task were performed both separately and simultaneously. Furthermore, subjective listening effort was questioned for various listening situations. The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory was used to control for tinnitus handicap. Results: Listening effort significantly increased in the tinnitus group across listening conditions. There was no significant difference in listening effort between listening conditions, nor was there an interaction between groups and listening conditions. Subjective listening effort did not significantly differ between both groups. Conclusions: This study is a first exploration of listening effort in normal-hearing participants with chronic tinnitus showing that listening effort is increased as compared with a control group. There is a need to further investigate the cognitive functions important for speech understanding and their possible relation with the presence of tinnitus and listening effort.
Keywords
LEISURE NOISE EXPOSURE, OLDER-ADULTS, SPEECH, PREVALENCE, ATTENTION, VARIABLES, SUFFERERS, HANDICAP, MASKING, AGE

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Degeest, Sofie, Hannah Keppler, and Paul Corthals. 2017. “The Effect of Tinnitus on Listening Effort in Normal-hearing Young Adults : a Preliminary Study.” Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research 60 (4): 1036–1045.
APA
Degeest, S., Keppler, H., & Corthals, P. (2017). The effect of tinnitus on listening effort in normal-hearing young adults : a preliminary study. JOURNAL OF SPEECH LANGUAGE AND HEARING RESEARCH, 60(4), 1036–1045.
Vancouver
1.
Degeest S, Keppler H, Corthals P. The effect of tinnitus on listening effort in normal-hearing young adults : a preliminary study. JOURNAL OF SPEECH LANGUAGE AND HEARING RESEARCH. 2017;60(4):1036–45.
MLA
Degeest, Sofie, Hannah Keppler, and Paul Corthals. “The Effect of Tinnitus on Listening Effort in Normal-hearing Young Adults : a Preliminary Study.” JOURNAL OF SPEECH LANGUAGE AND HEARING RESEARCH 60.4 (2017): 1036–1045. Print.
@article{8503039,
  abstract     = {Purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic tinnitus on listening effort. 
Method: Thirteen normal-hearing young adults with chronic tinnitus were matched with a control group for age, gender, hearing thresholds, and educational level. A dual-task paradigm was used to evaluate listening effort in different listening conditions. A primary speech-recognition task and a secondary memory task were performed both separately and simultaneously. Furthermore, subjective listening effort was questioned for various listening situations. The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory was used to control for tinnitus handicap. 
Results: Listening effort significantly increased in the tinnitus group across listening conditions. There was no significant difference in listening effort between listening conditions, nor was there an interaction between groups and listening conditions. Subjective listening effort did not significantly differ between both groups. 
Conclusions: This study is a first exploration of listening effort in normal-hearing participants with chronic tinnitus showing that listening effort is increased as compared with a control group. There is a need to further investigate the cognitive functions important for speech understanding and their possible relation with the presence of tinnitus and listening effort.},
  author       = {Degeest, Sofie and Keppler, Hannah and Corthals, Paul},
  issn         = {1092-4388},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF SPEECH LANGUAGE AND HEARING RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {LEISURE NOISE EXPOSURE,OLDER-ADULTS,SPEECH,PREVALENCE,ATTENTION,VARIABLES,SUFFERERS,HANDICAP,MASKING,AGE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1036--1045},
  title        = {The effect of tinnitus on listening effort in normal-hearing young adults : a preliminary study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2016\_JSLHR-H-16-0090},
  volume       = {60},
  year         = {2017},
}

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