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Musculoskeletal disease in aged horses and its management

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Abstract
Musculoskeletal disorders are the most prevalent health problem in aging horses. They are not life threatening, but are painful and an important welfare issue. Chronic joint disease (osteoarthritis) and chronic laminitis are the most prevalent. Treating osteoarthritis in the elderly horse is similar to treating performance horses, but aims at providing a stable situation with optimal comfort. Immediate medical treatment of flare-ups, long-term pain management, and adaptation of exercise and living conditions are the mainstays of treatment. Laminitis in the geriatric horse is related often to pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction, which may be treated with additional pergolide.
Keywords
Osteoarthritis, Laminitis, Geriatric horse, Pain management, Degenerative joint disease, ARTICULAR-CARTILAGE DEGENERATION, PARS-INTERMEDIA DYSFUNCTION, DIGITAL FLEXOR MUSCLE, HEART BAR SHOE, GERIATRIC HORSES, IN-VITRO, THOROUGHBRED RACEHORSES, CHRONIC LAMINITIS, ENDOCRINOPATHIC LAMINITIS, OSTEOARTHRITIS PAIN

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Citation

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Chicago
van Weeren, Paul René, and Willem Back. 2016. “Musculoskeletal Disease in Aged Horses and Its Management.” Veterinary Clinics of North America-equine Practice 32 (2): 229–247.
APA
van Weeren, Paul René, & Back, W. (2016). Musculoskeletal disease in aged horses and its management. VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-EQUINE PRACTICE, 32(2), 229–247.
Vancouver
1.
van Weeren PR, Back W. Musculoskeletal disease in aged horses and its management. VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-EQUINE PRACTICE. 2016;32(2):229–47.
MLA
van Weeren, Paul René, and Willem Back. “Musculoskeletal Disease in Aged Horses and Its Management.” VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-EQUINE PRACTICE 32.2 (2016): 229–247. Print.
@article{8502352,
  abstract     = {Musculoskeletal disorders are the most prevalent health problem in aging horses. They are not life threatening, but are painful and an important welfare issue. Chronic joint disease (osteoarthritis) and chronic laminitis are the most prevalent. Treating osteoarthritis in the elderly horse is similar to treating performance horses, but aims at providing a stable situation with optimal comfort. Immediate medical treatment of flare-ups, long-term pain management, and adaptation of exercise and living conditions are the mainstays of treatment. Laminitis in the geriatric horse is related often to pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction, which may be treated with additional pergolide.},
  author       = {van Weeren, Paul Ren{\'e} and Back, Willem},
  issn         = {0749-0739},
  journal      = {VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-EQUINE PRACTICE},
  keyword      = {Osteoarthritis,Laminitis,Geriatric horse,Pain management,Degenerative joint disease,ARTICULAR-CARTILAGE DEGENERATION,PARS-INTERMEDIA DYSFUNCTION,DIGITAL FLEXOR MUSCLE,HEART BAR SHOE,GERIATRIC HORSES,IN-VITRO,THOROUGHBRED RACEHORSES,CHRONIC LAMINITIS,ENDOCRINOPATHIC LAMINITIS,OSTEOARTHRITIS PAIN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {229--247},
  title        = {Musculoskeletal disease in aged horses and its management},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cveq.2016.04.003},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2016},
}

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