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The moderating effect of psychosocial factors in the relation between neighborhood walkability and children’s physical activity

Sara D'Haese, Freja Gheysen UGent, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij UGent, Benedicte Deforche UGent, Delfien Van Dyck UGent and Greet Cardon UGent (2016) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. 13.
abstract
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to investigate if psychosocial factors moderate the association between objective walkability and different domains of children's physical activity (PA). A second aim of the study was to investigate the direct associations between psychosocial factors and children's PA. Based on previous literature, it was hypothesized that walkability would be more strongly related to PA among children with negative psychosocial profiles. METHODS: Data were collected between December 2011 and May 2013 as part of the Belgian Environmental Physical Activity Study in children (BEPAS-child). In total, data from 494 children and one of their parents were included in the study. Children wore an accelerometer for 7 consecutive days and together with one of their parents, they completed the Flemish Physical Activity Questionnaire. Parents filled out a questionnaire concerning their child's psychosocial factors toward PA (i.e. parental attitude toward their child's PA, parental social norm toward their child's PA, parental support, friend support, children's self-efficacy, and perceived benefits and barriers toward sports and PA). Neighborhood walkability was calculated using geographical information systems (GIS). Multilevel cross-classified analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Of the 42 investigated interactions between neighborhood walkability and psychosocial factors in relation to PA among children, only 7 significant interactions were found of which 3 were only significant among children from low-income neighborhoods. Parental support and self-efficacy were positive correlates of children's PA in high- and low-income neighborhoods independent of the level of walkability, but effect sizes were small. CONCLUSIONS: The hypothesis that walkability would be more strongly related to PA among children with negative psychosocial profiles could not be confirmed and in general, psychosocial factors and objective walkability did not interact in relation to children's PA. Focusing on parental support and self-efficacy towards PA can possibly cause small effects on children's PA in both high- and low-walkable neighborhoods, as well as in high- and low-income neighborhoods.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Child, Neighborhood, Psychosocial, Interactions, Physical activity, BELGIAN ADULTS, SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS, BUILT ENVIRONMENT, WALKING BEHAVIOR, SCHOOL, ASSOCIATION, ADOLESCENTS, YOUTH, GIRLS, ACCELEROMETERS
journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Int. J. Behav. Nutr. Phys. Act.
volume
13
article number
128
pages
16 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000390392900001
JCR category
PHYSIOLOGY
JCR impact factor
4.396 (2016)
JCR rank
11/84 (2016)
JCR quartile
1 (2016)
ISSN
1479-5868
DOI
10.1186/s12966-016-0452-0
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0)
id
8500421
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8500421
date created
2017-01-04 13:08:29
date last changed
2017-02-06 11:01:05
@article{8500421,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: The study aimed to investigate if psychosocial factors moderate the association between objective walkability and different domains of children's physical activity (PA). A second aim of the study was to investigate the direct associations between psychosocial factors and children's PA. Based on previous literature, it was hypothesized that walkability would be more strongly related to PA among children with negative psychosocial profiles.
METHODS: Data were collected between December 2011 and May 2013 as part of the Belgian Environmental Physical Activity Study in children (BEPAS-child). In total, data from 494 children and one of their parents were included in the study. Children wore an accelerometer for 7 consecutive days and together with one of their parents, they completed the Flemish Physical Activity Questionnaire. Parents filled out a questionnaire concerning their child's psychosocial factors toward PA (i.e. parental attitude toward their child's PA, parental social norm toward their child's PA, parental support, friend support, children's self-efficacy, and perceived benefits and barriers toward sports and PA). Neighborhood walkability was calculated using geographical information systems (GIS). Multilevel cross-classified analyses were conducted.
RESULTS: Of the 42 investigated interactions between neighborhood walkability and psychosocial factors in relation to PA among children, only 7 significant interactions were found of which 3 were only significant among children from low-income neighborhoods. Parental support and self-efficacy were positive correlates of children's PA in high- and low-income neighborhoods independent of the level of walkability, but effect sizes were small.
CONCLUSIONS: The hypothesis that walkability would be more strongly related to PA among children with negative psychosocial profiles could not be confirmed and in general, psychosocial factors and objective walkability did not interact in relation to children's PA. Focusing on parental support and self-efficacy towards PA can possibly cause small effects on children's PA in both high- and low-walkable neighborhoods, as well as in high- and low-income neighborhoods.},
  articleno    = {128},
  author       = {D'Haese, Sara and Gheysen, Freja and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Deforche, Benedicte and Van Dyck, Delfien and Cardon, Greet},
  issn         = {1479-5868},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY},
  keyword      = {Child,Neighborhood,Psychosocial,Interactions,Physical activity,BELGIAN ADULTS,SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS,BUILT ENVIRONMENT,WALKING BEHAVIOR,SCHOOL,ASSOCIATION,ADOLESCENTS,YOUTH,GIRLS,ACCELEROMETERS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {16},
  title        = {The moderating effect of psychosocial factors in the relation between neighborhood walkability and children{\textquoteright}s physical activity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12966-016-0452-0},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
D’Haese, Sara, Freja Gheysen, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Benedicte Deforche, Delfien Van Dyck, and Greet Cardon. 2016. “The Moderating Effect of Psychosocial Factors in the Relation Between Neighborhood Walkability and Children’s Physical Activity.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 13.
APA
D’Haese, S., Gheysen, F., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Deforche, B., Van Dyck, D., & Cardon, G. (2016). The moderating effect of psychosocial factors in the relation between neighborhood walkability and children’s physical activity. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, 13.
Vancouver
1.
D’Haese S, Gheysen F, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Deforche B, Van Dyck D, Cardon G. The moderating effect of psychosocial factors in the relation between neighborhood walkability and children’s physical activity. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. 2016;13.
MLA
D’Haese, Sara, Freja Gheysen, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, et al. “The Moderating Effect of Psychosocial Factors in the Relation Between Neighborhood Walkability and Children’s Physical Activity.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 13 (2016): n. pag. Print.