Advanced search
Add to list

Opportunities of natural resources for rural development in marginal grabens of northern Ethiopia

Author
Organization
Abstract
Worldwide, much attention is given to low-lying flat areas in search of suitable agricultural lands. The objectives of this paper are (i) to review worldwide experiences about marginal graben resources, (ii) to show knowledge gaps and priorities in research and development related to the natural resources and (iii) to complement this review via transect studies across the marginal grabens of northern Ethiopia. The paper shows that marginal grabens are rich both in blue water and green water resources due to their topographical and geological characteristics. Besides, spate irrigation has been a growing water management practice to respond to soil moisture deficit. Moreover, marginal grabens are fertile plains as a result of alluvial deposition that could be suitable for agricultural development. However, rainfall variability and groundwater withdrawal lead to marginal graben basin closure and salinization. Notably, riverbed incisions and sediment deposition affect drainage systems and water supply in the marginal grabens. Consequently, socioeconomic and natural capitals of the marginal graben farmers are threatened. Therefore, the benefits of natural resources for rural development in the marginal grabens can be optimized if the current bottlenecks are converted into opportunities. A better understanding of the complex marginal graben system via a robust land evaluation framework will improve livelihoods of the communities that live in the marginal grabens.
Keywords
population pressure, marginal grabens, endorheic lakes, salinization, Ethiopia

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Gebregergs, Hailemariam Meaza, et al. “Opportunities of Natural Resources for Rural Development in Marginal Grabens of Northern Ethiopia.” Ghent Africa Platform, 10th Symposium, Abstracts, 2016.
APA
Gebregergs, H. M., Poesen, J., Frankl, A., Deckers, J., Zenebe, A., Lanckriet, S., … Nyssen, J. (2016). Opportunities of natural resources for rural development in marginal grabens of northern Ethiopia. In Ghent Africa Platform, 10th Symposium, Abstracts. Ghent, Belgium.
Chicago author-date
Gebregergs, Hailemariam Meaza, Jean Poesen, Amaury Frankl, Jozef Deckers, Amanuel Zenebe, Sil Lanckriet, Veerle Van Eetvelde, Biadgilgn Demissie Mullaw, and Jan Nyssen. 2016. “Opportunities of Natural Resources for Rural Development in Marginal Grabens of Northern Ethiopia.” In Ghent Africa Platform, 10th Symposium, Abstracts.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Gebregergs, Hailemariam Meaza, Jean Poesen, Amaury Frankl, Jozef Deckers, Amanuel Zenebe, Sil Lanckriet, Veerle Van Eetvelde, Biadgilgn Demissie Mullaw, and Jan Nyssen. 2016. “Opportunities of Natural Resources for Rural Development in Marginal Grabens of Northern Ethiopia.” In Ghent Africa Platform, 10th Symposium, Abstracts.
Vancouver
1.
Gebregergs HM, Poesen J, Frankl A, Deckers J, Zenebe A, Lanckriet S, et al. Opportunities of natural resources for rural development in marginal grabens of northern Ethiopia. In: Ghent Africa Platform, 10th Symposium, Abstracts. 2016.
IEEE
[1]
H. M. Gebregergs et al., “Opportunities of natural resources for rural development in marginal grabens of northern Ethiopia,” in Ghent Africa Platform, 10th Symposium, Abstracts, Ghent, Belgium, 2016.
@inproceedings{8500318,
  abstract     = {{Worldwide, much attention is given to low-lying flat areas in search of suitable agricultural lands. The objectives of this paper are (i) to review worldwide experiences about marginal graben resources, (ii) to show knowledge gaps and priorities in research and development related to the natural resources and (iii) to complement this review via transect studies across the marginal grabens of northern Ethiopia.
The paper shows that marginal grabens are rich both in blue water and green water resources due to their topographical and geological characteristics. Besides, spate irrigation has been a growing water management practice to respond to soil moisture deficit. Moreover, marginal grabens are fertile plains as a result of alluvial deposition that could be suitable for agricultural development. However, rainfall variability and groundwater withdrawal lead to marginal graben basin closure and salinization. Notably, riverbed incisions and sediment deposition affect drainage systems and water supply in the marginal grabens. Consequently, socioeconomic and natural capitals of the marginal graben farmers are threatened. Therefore, the benefits of natural resources for rural development in the marginal grabens can be optimized if the current bottlenecks are converted into opportunities. A better understanding of the complex marginal graben system via a robust land evaluation framework will improve livelihoods of the communities that live in the marginal grabens.}},
  author       = {{Gebregergs, Hailemariam Meaza and Poesen, Jean and Frankl, Amaury and Deckers, Jozef and Zenebe, Amanuel and Lanckriet, Sil and Van Eetvelde, Veerle and Mullaw, Biadgilgn Demissie and Nyssen, Jan}},
  booktitle    = {{Ghent Africa Platform, 10th Symposium, Abstracts}},
  keywords     = {{population pressure,marginal grabens,endorheic lakes,salinization,Ethiopia}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  location     = {{Ghent, Belgium}},
  title        = {{Opportunities of natural resources for rural development in marginal grabens of northern Ethiopia}},
  year         = {{2016}},
}