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Conflict, institutional changes and food insecurity in eastern DR Congo

Els Lecoutere UGent, Koen Vlassenroot UGent and Timothy Raeymaekers UGent (2009) AFRIKA FOCUS. 22(2). p.41-63
abstract
The protracted crisis in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo that lasted from 1996 till 2003 aggravated processes of land alienation and reduced market access. Field research conducted in 2005 in three eastern DRC areas shows that these processes made rural households increasingly vulnerable and deepened structural causes of food insecurity. Households adapt their livelihood strategies because of the need to deal with the impact of different adversities and to anticipate various risks threatening their livelihoods. This further erodes resilience of poorly endowed households and forces them to forsake food security in the long run to avoid acute destitution. Yet, standard food relief interventions often solely focus on direct food availability and fail to address the underlying structural causes for food insecurity such as limited access to land and markets. We recommend a combination of interventions that address both in order to lift rural households in protracted crisis situations out of the food insecurity trap.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
conflict, food security, institutional change, DR Congo
journal title
AFRIKA FOCUS
Afr. Focus
volume
22
issue
2
pages
41 - 63
ISSN
0772-084X
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A2
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
VABB id
c:vabb:282042
VABB type
VABB-1
id
828044
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-828044
date created
2010-01-14 10:46:33
date last changed
2015-06-17 11:20:15
@article{828044,
  abstract     = {The protracted crisis in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo that lasted from 1996 till 2003 aggravated processes of land alienation and reduced market access. Field research conducted in 2005 in three eastern DRC areas shows that these processes made rural households increasingly vulnerable and deepened structural causes of food insecurity. Households adapt their livelihood strategies because of the need to deal with the impact of different adversities and to anticipate various risks threatening their livelihoods. This further erodes resilience of poorly endowed households and forces them to forsake food security in the long run to avoid acute destitution. Yet, standard food relief interventions often solely focus on direct food availability and fail to address the underlying structural causes for food insecurity such as limited access to land and markets. We recommend a combination of interventions that address both in order to lift rural households in protracted crisis situations out of the food insecurity trap.},
  author       = {Lecoutere, Els and Vlassenroot, Koen and Raeymaekers, Timothy},
  issn         = {0772-084X},
  journal      = {AFRIKA FOCUS},
  keyword      = {conflict,food security,institutional change,DR Congo},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {41--63},
  title        = {Conflict, institutional changes and food insecurity in eastern DR Congo},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
Lecoutere, Els, Koen Vlassenroot, and Timothy Raeymaekers. 2009. “Conflict, Institutional Changes and Food Insecurity in Eastern DR Congo.” Afrika Focus 22 (2): 41–63.
APA
Lecoutere, E., Vlassenroot, K., & Raeymaekers, T. (2009). Conflict, institutional changes and food insecurity in eastern DR Congo. AFRIKA FOCUS, 22(2), 41–63.
Vancouver
1.
Lecoutere E, Vlassenroot K, Raeymaekers T. Conflict, institutional changes and food insecurity in eastern DR Congo. AFRIKA FOCUS. 2009;22(2):41–63.
MLA
Lecoutere, Els, Koen Vlassenroot, and Timothy Raeymaekers. “Conflict, Institutional Changes and Food Insecurity in Eastern DR Congo.” AFRIKA FOCUS 22.2 (2009): 41–63. Print.