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Numerical simulations of some possible fire scenarios in a closed car park with RANS and LES

Mehdi Jangi (UGent) , Nele Tilley and Bart Merci (UGent)
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Abstract
Prior to any CFD (‘Computational Fluid Dynamics’) calculation of a fire in a car park, a realistic fire scenario must be provided as input data. With this scenario, CFD results allow the evaluation of several characteristics of the performance of a smoke and heat control system, including: - effective limitation of the propagation of smoke (and heat) in the car park; - effective creation of a smoke-free access route from the public road on the fire storey for fire fighters to approach the fire source, i.e. facilitation of active fire suppression. - the pressure difference created by the smoke control system in the car park, which should not exceed 60Pa for the sake of opening doors. This paper presents CFD calculation for some possible fire scenarios. We do not consider the possible phenomenon of fire spread in the car park. Rather, we impose a localized fire, modeled as a heat source.
Keywords
Car Park, CFD, Smoke Control, Turbulence Modelling

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Chicago
Jangi, Mehdi, Nele Tilley, and Bart Merci. 2009. “Numerical Simulations of Some Possible Fire Scenarios in a Closed Car Park with RANS and LES.” In Fire Protection and Life Safety in Buildings and Transportation Systems, Advanced Research Workshop Proceedings, ed. Jorge A Capote and Daniel Alvear, 233–242. Santander, Spain: University of Cantabria.
APA
Jangi, M., Tilley, N., & Merci, B. (2009). Numerical simulations of some possible fire scenarios in a closed car park with RANS and LES. In J. A. Capote & D. Alvear (Eds.), Fire protection and life safety in buildings and transportation systems, Advanced research workshop proceedings (pp. 233–242). Presented at the IAFSS Advanced Research Workshop 2009 : Fire protection and life safety in buildings and transportation systems, Santander, Spain: University of Cantabria.
Vancouver
1.
Jangi M, Tilley N, Merci B. Numerical simulations of some possible fire scenarios in a closed car park with RANS and LES. In: Capote JA, Alvear D, editors. Fire protection and life safety in buildings and transportation systems, Advanced research workshop proceedings. Santander, Spain: University of Cantabria; 2009. p. 233–42.
MLA
Jangi, Mehdi, Nele Tilley, and Bart Merci. “Numerical Simulations of Some Possible Fire Scenarios in a Closed Car Park with RANS and LES.” Fire Protection and Life Safety in Buildings and Transportation Systems, Advanced Research Workshop Proceedings. Ed. Jorge A Capote & Daniel Alvear. Santander, Spain: University of Cantabria, 2009. 233–242. Print.
@inproceedings{827469,
  abstract     = {Prior to any CFD ({\textquoteleft}Computational Fluid Dynamics{\textquoteright}) calculation of a fire in a car park, a realistic fire scenario must be provided as input data. With this scenario, CFD results allow the evaluation of several characteristics of the performance of a smoke and heat control system, including:
- effective limitation of the propagation of smoke (and heat) in the car park;
- effective creation of a smoke-free access route from the public road on the fire storey for fire fighters to approach the fire source, i.e. facilitation of active fire suppression.
- the pressure difference created by the smoke control system in the car park, which should not exceed 60Pa for the sake of opening doors.
This paper presents CFD calculation for some possible fire scenarios. We do not consider the possible phenomenon of fire spread in the car park. Rather, we impose a localized fire, modeled as a heat source.},
  author       = {Jangi, Mehdi and Tilley, Nele and Merci, Bart},
  booktitle    = {Fire protection and life safety in buildings and transportation systems, Advanced research workshop proceedings},
  editor       = {Capote, Jorge A and Alvear, Daniel},
  isbn         = {9788481025590},
  keyword      = {Car Park,CFD,Smoke Control,Turbulence Modelling},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Santander, Spain},
  pages        = {233--242},
  publisher    = {University of Cantabria},
  title        = {Numerical simulations of some possible fire scenarios in a closed car park with RANS and LES},
  year         = {2009},
}