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Optimal control for a hybrid excited dual mechanical port electric machine

Joachim Druant (UGent) , Hendrik Vansompel (UGent) , Frederik De Belie (UGent) and Peter Sergeant (UGent)
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Abstract
An electrical variable transmission (EVT) is an electrical machine consisting of a stator and two concentric rotors. It is a competitive alternative for power split devices used in current series-parallel HEV's. Although tending to have high power densities, PM machines suffer from no-load iron losses. Since the torque interaction between stator and outer rotor is low during large time intervals, the EVT in this paper possesses a flux bridge with dc-field winding to modulate the stator field, while maintaining the inner rotor flux linkage. In this paper, a torque controller is proposed that optimally combines the stator, dc-field and inner rotor currents in order to minimize the copper and iron losses in every operating point of torque and speed on both rotors. Also the electromagnetic coupling between both rotors is considered. It turns out that there are two optimal load angles for the stator currents, of which one of the two is dominant depending on speed and torque. The control is tested on a $120$kW prototype EVT, and measurement results are given to illustrate the optimal performance obtained with the proposed torque control. In addition, efficiencies are measured in order to support the statements made concerning the proposed method.
Keywords
Dual mechanical port electric machine, electrical variable transmission, hybrid excitation, optimal control

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Druant, Joachim, et al. “Optimal Control for a Hybrid Excited Dual Mechanical Port Electric Machine.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, vol. 32, no. 2, 2017, pp. 599–607.
APA
Druant, J., Vansompel, H., De Belie, F., & Sergeant, P. (2017). Optimal control for a hybrid excited dual mechanical port electric machine. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, 32(2), 599–607.
Chicago author-date
Druant, Joachim, Hendrik Vansompel, Frederik De Belie, and Peter Sergeant. 2017. “Optimal Control for a Hybrid Excited Dual Mechanical Port Electric Machine.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION 32 (2): 599–607.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Druant, Joachim, Hendrik Vansompel, Frederik De Belie, and Peter Sergeant. 2017. “Optimal Control for a Hybrid Excited Dual Mechanical Port Electric Machine.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION 32 (2): 599–607.
Vancouver
1.
Druant J, Vansompel H, De Belie F, Sergeant P. Optimal control for a hybrid excited dual mechanical port electric machine. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION. 2017;32(2):599–607.
IEEE
[1]
J. Druant, H. Vansompel, F. De Belie, and P. Sergeant, “Optimal control for a hybrid excited dual mechanical port electric machine,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 599–607, 2017.
@article{8199899,
  abstract     = {An electrical variable transmission (EVT) is an electrical machine consisting of a stator and two concentric rotors. It is a competitive alternative for power split devices used in current series-parallel HEV's.  Although tending to have high power densities, PM machines suffer from no-load iron losses. Since the torque interaction between stator and outer rotor is low during large time intervals, the EVT in this paper possesses a flux bridge with dc-field winding to modulate the stator field, while maintaining the inner rotor flux linkage. In this paper, a torque controller is proposed that optimally combines the stator, dc-field and inner rotor currents in order to minimize the copper and iron losses in every operating point of torque and speed on both rotors. Also the electromagnetic coupling between both rotors is considered. It turns out that there are two optimal load angles for the stator currents, of which one of the two is dominant depending on speed and torque. The control is tested on a $120$kW prototype EVT, and measurement results are given to illustrate the optimal performance obtained with the proposed torque control. In addition, efficiencies are measured in order to support the statements made concerning the proposed method.},
  author       = {Druant, Joachim and Vansompel, Hendrik and De Belie, Frederik and Sergeant, Peter},
  issn         = {0885-8969},
  journal      = {IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION},
  keywords     = {Dual mechanical port electric machine,electrical variable transmission,hybrid excitation,optimal control},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {599--607},
  title        = {Optimal control for a hybrid excited dual mechanical port electric machine},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2017.2651581},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2017},
}

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