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A comparison of pig farmers' and veterinarians' perceptions and intentions to reduce antimicrobial usage in six European countries

VHM Visschers, A Backhans, L Collineau, S Loesken, EO Nielsen, Merel Postma UGent, C Belloc, Jeroen Dewulf UGent, U Emanuelson, E grosse Beilage, et al. (2016) ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 63(7). p.534-544
abstract
Antimicrobial (AM) resistance is an increasing problem in human and veterinary medicine. To manage this problem, the usage of AM should be reduced in pig farming, as well as in other areas. It is important to investigate the factors that influence both pig farmers' and veterinarians' intentions to reduce AM usage, which is a prerequisite for developing intervention measures. We conducted a mail survey among pig farmers (N=1,294) and an online survey among veterinarians (N=334) in Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Sweden and Switzerland. The farmers' survey assessed the perceived risks and benefits of and need for AM usage; the intention to reduce AM usage; farmers' efficacy (i.e. perception of their ability to reduce AM usage); support from their veterinarian; and the future reduction potential of AM usage. Additionally, self-reported reduction behaviours, the perceived farmers' barriers to reduce AM usage and relationships with farmers were assessed in the veterinarians' survey. The results showed that farmers and veterinarians had similar perceptions of the risks and benefits of AM usage. Veterinarians appeared to be more optimistic than pig farmers about reducing AM usage in pig farming. Farmers believed that their efficacy over AM reduction was relatively high. Farmers' intention to reduce AM usage and veterinarians' self-reported reduction behaviours were mainly associated with factors concerning the feasibility of reducing AM usage. To promote prudent AM usage, pig farmers should learn and experience how to reduce usage by applying alternative measures, whereas veterinarians should strengthen their advisory role and competencies to support and educate farmers.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
attitudes, survey, pig production, Antimicrobial resistance, social science, ATTITUDES, KNOWLEDGE, ANIMALS, MANAGEMENT, RESISTANCE, PRODUCERS, BEHAVIOR, SWEDISH, HERDS, RISK
journal title
ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH
Zoonoses Public Health
volume
63
issue
7
pages
534 - 544
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000386135500005
JCR category
VETERINARY SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
2.323 (2016)
JCR rank
10/136 (2016)
JCR quartile
1 (2016)
ISSN
1863-1959
DOI
10.1111/zph.12260
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
8199653
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8199653
date created
2016-11-30 16:24:31
date last changed
2017-02-14 15:22:35
@article{8199653,
  abstract     = {Antimicrobial (AM) resistance is an increasing problem in human and veterinary medicine. To manage this problem, the usage of AM should be reduced in pig farming, as well as in other areas. It is important to investigate the factors that influence both pig farmers' and veterinarians' intentions to reduce AM usage, which is a prerequisite for developing intervention measures. We conducted a mail survey among pig farmers (N=1,294) and an online survey among veterinarians (N=334) in Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Sweden and Switzerland. The farmers' survey assessed the perceived risks and benefits of and need for AM usage; the intention to reduce AM usage; farmers' efficacy (i.e. perception of their ability to reduce AM usage); support from their veterinarian; and the future reduction potential of AM usage. Additionally, self-reported reduction behaviours, the perceived farmers' barriers to reduce AM usage and relationships with farmers were assessed in the veterinarians' survey. The results showed that farmers and veterinarians had similar perceptions of the risks and benefits of AM usage. Veterinarians appeared to be more optimistic than pig farmers about reducing AM usage in pig farming. Farmers believed that their efficacy over AM reduction was relatively high. Farmers' intention to reduce AM usage and veterinarians' self-reported reduction behaviours were mainly associated with factors concerning the feasibility of reducing AM usage. To promote prudent AM usage, pig farmers should learn and experience how to reduce usage by applying alternative measures, whereas veterinarians should strengthen their advisory role and competencies to support and educate farmers.},
  author       = {Visschers, VHM and Backhans, A and Collineau, L and Loesken, S and Nielsen, EO and Postma, Merel and Belloc, C and Dewulf, Jeroen and Emanuelson, U and grosse Beilage, E and Siegrist, M and Sj{\"o}lund, M and St{\"a}rk, KDC},
  issn         = {1863-1959},
  journal      = {ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keyword      = {attitudes,survey,pig production,Antimicrobial resistance,social science,ATTITUDES,KNOWLEDGE,ANIMALS,MANAGEMENT,RESISTANCE,PRODUCERS,BEHAVIOR,SWEDISH,HERDS,RISK},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {534--544},
  title        = {A comparison of pig farmers' and veterinarians' perceptions and intentions to reduce antimicrobial usage in six European countries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/zph.12260},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Visschers, VHM, A Backhans, L Collineau, S Loesken, EO Nielsen, Merel Postma, C Belloc, et al. 2016. “A Comparison of Pig Farmers’ and Veterinarians' Perceptions and Intentions to Reduce Antimicrobial Usage in Six European Countries.” Zoonoses and Public Health 63 (7): 534–544.
APA
Visschers, V., Backhans, A., Collineau, L., Loesken, S., Nielsen, E., Postma, M., Belloc, C., et al. (2016). A comparison of pig farmers’ and veterinarians' perceptions and intentions to reduce antimicrobial usage in six European countries. ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 63(7), 534–544.
Vancouver
1.
Visschers V, Backhans A, Collineau L, Loesken S, Nielsen E, Postma M, et al. A comparison of pig farmers’ and veterinarians' perceptions and intentions to reduce antimicrobial usage in six European countries. ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2016;63(7):534–44.
MLA
Visschers, VHM, A Backhans, L Collineau, et al. “A Comparison of Pig Farmers’ and Veterinarians' Perceptions and Intentions to Reduce Antimicrobial Usage in Six European Countries.” ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH 63.7 (2016): 534–544. Print.