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Potential use of BEST® sediment trap in splash-saltation transport process by simultaneous wind and rain tests

(2016) PLOS ONE. 11(11).
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Abstract
The research on wind-driven rain (WDR) transport process of the splash-saltation has increased over the last twenty years as wind tunnel experimental studies provide new insights into the mechanisms of simultaneous wind and rain (WDR) transport. The present study was conducted to investigate the efficiency of the BEST® sediment traps in catching the sand particles transported through the splash-saltation process under WDR conditions. Experiments were conducted in a wind tunnel rainfall simulator facility with water sprayed through sprinkler nozzles and free-flowing wind at different velocities to simulate the WDR conditions. Not only for vertical sediment distribution, but a series of experimental tests for horizontal distribution of sediments was also performed using BEST® collectors to obtain the actual total sediment mass flow by the splash-saltation in the center of the wind tunnel test section. Total mass transport (kg m-2) were estimated by analytically integrating the exponential functional relationship using the measured sediment amounts at the set trap heights for every run. Results revealed the integrated efficiency of the BEST® traps at 6, 9, 12 and 15 m s-1 wind velocities under 55.8, 50.5, 55.0 and 50.5 mm h-1 rain intensities were, respectively, 83, 106, 105, and 102%. Results as well showed that the efficiencies of BEST® did not change much as compared with those under rainless wind condition.
Keywords
wind tunnel, saltatation, transport, splash, wind erosion, catcher, sediment trap

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Basaran, Mustafa et al. “Potential Use of BEST® Sediment Trap in Splash-saltation Transport Process by Simultaneous Wind and Rain Tests.” PLOS ONE 11.11 (2016): n. pag. Print.
APA
Basaran, M., Uzun, O., Cornelis, W., Gabriëls, D., & Erpul, G. (2016). Potential use of BEST® sediment trap in splash-saltation transport process by simultaneous wind and rain tests. PLOS ONE, 11(11).
Chicago author-date
Basaran, Mustafa, Oguzhan Uzun, Wim Cornelis, Donald Gabriëls, and Gunay Erpul. 2016. “Potential Use of BEST® Sediment Trap in Splash-saltation Transport Process by Simultaneous Wind and Rain Tests.” Plos One 11 (11).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Basaran, Mustafa, Oguzhan Uzun, Wim Cornelis, Donald Gabriëls, and Gunay Erpul. 2016. “Potential Use of BEST® Sediment Trap in Splash-saltation Transport Process by Simultaneous Wind and Rain Tests.” Plos One 11 (11).
Vancouver
1.
Basaran M, Uzun O, Cornelis W, Gabriëls D, Erpul G. Potential use of BEST® sediment trap in splash-saltation transport process by simultaneous wind and rain tests. PLOS ONE. 2016;11(11).
IEEE
[1]
M. Basaran, O. Uzun, W. Cornelis, D. Gabriëls, and G. Erpul, “Potential use of BEST® sediment trap in splash-saltation transport process by simultaneous wind and rain tests,” PLOS ONE, vol. 11, no. 11, 2016.
@article{8198581,
  abstract     = {The research on wind-driven rain (WDR) transport process of the splash-saltation has increased over the last twenty years as wind tunnel experimental studies provide new insights into the mechanisms of simultaneous wind and rain (WDR) transport. The present study was conducted to investigate the efficiency of the BEST® sediment traps in catching the sand particles transported through the splash-saltation process under WDR conditions. Experiments were conducted in a wind tunnel rainfall simulator facility with water sprayed through sprinkler nozzles and free-flowing wind at different velocities to simulate the WDR conditions. Not only for vertical sediment distribution, but a series of experimental tests for horizontal distribution of sediments was also performed using BEST® collectors to obtain the actual total sediment mass flow by the splash-saltation in the center of the wind tunnel test section. Total mass transport (kg m-2) were estimated by analytically integrating the exponential functional relationship using the measured sediment amounts at the set trap heights for every run. Results revealed the integrated efficiency of the BEST® traps at 6, 9, 12 and 15 m s-1 wind velocities under 55.8, 50.5, 55.0 and 50.5 mm h-1 rain intensities were, respectively, 83, 106, 105, and 102%. Results as well showed that the efficiencies of BEST® did not change much as compared with those under rainless wind condition.},
  articleno    = {e0166924},
  author       = {Basaran, Mustafa and Uzun, Oguzhan and Cornelis, Wim and Gabriëls, Donald and Erpul, Gunay},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  keywords     = {wind tunnel,saltatation,transport,splash,wind erosion,catcher,sediment trap},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {13},
  title        = {Potential use of BEST® sediment trap in splash-saltation transport process by simultaneous wind and rain tests},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0166924},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2016},
}

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