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From a decomposition product to an efficient and versatile catalyst : the [Ru(η5-indenyl)(PPh3)(2)Cl] story

(2014) ACCOUNTS OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH. 47(10). p.3089-3101
Author
Organization
Abstract
CONSPECTUS: One of the most important challenges in catalyst design is the synthesis of stable promoters without compromising their activity. For this reason, it is important to understand the factors leading to decomposition of such catalysts, especially if side-products negatively affect the activity and selectivity of the starting complex. In this context, the understanding of termination and decomposition processes in olefin metathesis is receiving significant attention from the scientific community. For example, the decomposition of ruthenium olefin metathesis precatalysts in alcohol solutions can occur during either the catalyst synthesis or the metathesis process, and such decomposition has been found to be common for Grubbs-type precatalysts. These decomposition products are usually hydridocarbonyl complexes, which are well-known to be active in several transformations such as hydrogenation, terminal alkene isomerization, and C-H activation chemistry. The reactivity of these side products can be unwanted, and it is therefore important to understand how to avoid them and maybe also important to keep an open mind and think of ways to use these in other catalytic reactions. A showcase of these decomposition studies is reported in this Account. These reports analyze the stability of ruthenium phenylindenylidene complexes, highly active olefin metathesis precatalysts, in basic alcohol solutions. Several different decomposition processes can occur under these conditions depending on the starting complex and the alcohol used. These indenylidene-bearing metathesis complexes display a completely different behavior compared with that of other metathesis precatalysts and show an alternative competitive alcoholysis pathway, where rather than forming the expected hydrido carbonyl complexes, the indenylidene fragment is transformed into a eta(1)-indenyl, which then rearranges to its eta(5)-indenyl form. In particular, [RuCl(eta(5)-(3-phenylindenylidene)(PPh3)(2)] has been found to be extremely active in numerous transformations (at least 20) as well as compatible with a broad range of reaction conditions, rendering it a versatile catalytic tool. It should be stated that the eta(5)-phenyl indenyl ligand shows enhanced catalytic activity over related half-sandwich ruthenium complexes. The analogous half-sandwich (cyclopentadienyl and indenyl) ruthenium complexes show lower activity in transfer hydrogenation and allylic alcohol isomerization reactions. In addition, this catalyst allows access to new phenylindenyl ruthenium complexes, which can be achieved in a very straightforward manner and have been successfully used in catalysis. This Account provides an overview of how mechanistic insights into decomposition and stability of a well-known family of ruthenium metathesis precatalysts has resulted in a series of novel and versatile ruthenium complexes with unexpected reactivity.
Keywords
ASYMMETRIC TRANSFER HYDROGENATION, RUTHENIUM PHENYLINDENYL COMPLEX, TRANSITION-METAL-COMPLEXES, GRUBBS METATHESIS CATALYST, MEERWEIN-PONNDORF-VERLEY, SILANE SIGMA-COMPLEXES, ALLYLIC ALCOHOLS, CARBOXYLIC-ACIDS, SECONDARY ALCOHOLS, SELECTIVE REDUCTION

Citation

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MLA
Manzini, Simone, et al. “From a Decomposition Product to an Efficient and Versatile Catalyst : The [Ru(Η5-Indenyl)(PPh3)(2)Cl] Story.” ACCOUNTS OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH, vol. 47, no. 10, 2014, pp. 3089–101.
APA
Manzini, S., Fernandez-Salas, J. A., & Nolan, S. (2014). From a decomposition product to an efficient and versatile catalyst : the [Ru(η5-indenyl)(PPh3)(2)Cl] story. ACCOUNTS OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH, 47(10), 3089–3101.
Chicago author-date
Manzini, Simone, Jose A Fernandez-Salas, and Steven Nolan. 2014. “From a Decomposition Product to an Efficient and Versatile Catalyst : The [Ru(Η5-Indenyl)(PPh3)(2)Cl] Story.” ACCOUNTS OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH 47 (10): 3089–3101.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Manzini, Simone, Jose A Fernandez-Salas, and Steven Nolan. 2014. “From a Decomposition Product to an Efficient and Versatile Catalyst : The [Ru(Η5-Indenyl)(PPh3)(2)Cl] Story.” ACCOUNTS OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH 47 (10): 3089–3101.
Vancouver
1.
Manzini S, Fernandez-Salas JA, Nolan S. From a decomposition product to an efficient and versatile catalyst : the [Ru(η5-indenyl)(PPh3)(2)Cl] story. ACCOUNTS OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH. 2014;47(10):3089–101.
IEEE
[1]
S. Manzini, J. A. Fernandez-Salas, and S. Nolan, “From a decomposition product to an efficient and versatile catalyst : the [Ru(η5-indenyl)(PPh3)(2)Cl] story,” ACCOUNTS OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 3089–3101, 2014.
@article{8168449,
  abstract     = {CONSPECTUS: One of the most important challenges in catalyst design is the synthesis of stable promoters without compromising their activity. For this reason, it is important to understand the factors leading to decomposition of such catalysts, especially if side-products negatively affect the activity and selectivity of the starting complex. In this context, the understanding of termination and decomposition processes in olefin metathesis is receiving significant attention from the scientific community. For example, the decomposition of ruthenium olefin metathesis precatalysts in alcohol solutions can occur during either the catalyst synthesis or the metathesis process, and such decomposition has been found to be common for Grubbs-type precatalysts. These decomposition products are usually hydridocarbonyl complexes, which are well-known to be active in several transformations such as hydrogenation, terminal alkene isomerization, and C-H activation chemistry. The reactivity of these side products can be unwanted, and it is therefore important to understand how to avoid them and maybe also important to keep an open mind and think of ways to use these in other catalytic reactions. A showcase of these decomposition studies is reported in this Account. These reports analyze the stability of ruthenium phenylindenylidene complexes, highly active olefin metathesis precatalysts, in basic alcohol solutions. Several different decomposition processes can occur under these conditions depending on the starting complex and the alcohol used. These indenylidene-bearing metathesis complexes display a completely different behavior compared with that of other metathesis precatalysts and show an alternative competitive alcoholysis pathway, where rather than forming the expected hydrido carbonyl complexes, the indenylidene fragment is transformed into a eta(1)-indenyl, which then rearranges to its eta(5)-indenyl form. In particular, [RuCl(eta(5)-(3-phenylindenylidene)(PPh3)(2)] has been found to be extremely active in numerous transformations (at least 20) as well as compatible with a broad range of reaction conditions, rendering it a versatile catalytic tool. It should be stated that the eta(5)-phenyl indenyl ligand shows enhanced catalytic activity over related half-sandwich ruthenium complexes. The analogous half-sandwich (cyclopentadienyl and indenyl) ruthenium complexes show lower activity in transfer hydrogenation and allylic alcohol isomerization reactions. In addition, this catalyst allows access to new phenylindenyl ruthenium complexes, which can be achieved in a very straightforward manner and have been successfully used in catalysis. This Account provides an overview of how mechanistic insights into decomposition and stability of a well-known family of ruthenium metathesis precatalysts has resulted in a series of novel and versatile ruthenium complexes with unexpected reactivity.},
  author       = {Manzini, Simone and Fernandez-Salas, Jose A and Nolan, Steven},
  issn         = {0001-4842},
  journal      = {ACCOUNTS OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH},
  keywords     = {ASYMMETRIC TRANSFER HYDROGENATION,RUTHENIUM PHENYLINDENYL COMPLEX,TRANSITION-METAL-COMPLEXES,GRUBBS METATHESIS CATALYST,MEERWEIN-PONNDORF-VERLEY,SILANE SIGMA-COMPLEXES,ALLYLIC ALCOHOLS,CARBOXYLIC-ACIDS,SECONDARY ALCOHOLS,SELECTIVE REDUCTION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {3089--3101},
  title        = {From a decomposition product to an efficient and versatile catalyst : the [Ru(η5-indenyl)(PPh3)(2)Cl] story},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ar500225j},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2014},
}

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