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Continuous flow metathesis for direct valorization of food waste : an example of cocoa butter triglyceride

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Abstract
The direct chemical conversion of cocoa butter triglycerides, a material available as a postmanufacture waste stream from the food industry, to 1-decene by way of ethenolysis is reported. The conversion of the raw waste material was made possible by use of 1 mol % of the [RuCl2(iBu-phoban)(2)(3-phenylindenyl] catalyst. The process has been investigated in both batch and flow conditions, where the latter approach employs a Teflon AF-2400 tube-in-tube gas liquid membrane contactor to deliver ethylene to the reaction system. These preliminary studies culminate in a continuous processing system, which maintained a constant output over a 150 min period tested.
Keywords
Food waste, Valorization, Metathesis, Triglycerides, Green chemistry, Flow chemistry, IN-TUBE REACTOR, OLEFIN-METATHESIS, METHYL OLEATE, LINE TITRATIONS, GASEOUS AMMONIA, FINE CHEMICALS, CATALYSTS, OIL, ETHYLENE, OLEOCHEMISTRY

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MLA
Schotten, Christiane, et al. “Continuous Flow Metathesis for Direct Valorization of Food Waste : An Example of Cocoa Butter Triglyceride.” ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING, vol. 3, no. 7, 2015, pp. 1453–59.
APA
Schotten, C., Plaza, D., Manzini, S., Nolan, S., Ley, S. V., Browne, D. L., & Lapkin, A. (2015). Continuous flow metathesis for direct valorization of food waste : an example of cocoa butter triglyceride. ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING, 3(7), 1453–1459.
Chicago author-date
Schotten, Christiane, Dorota Plaza, Simone Manzini, Steven Nolan, Steven V Ley, Duncan L Browne, and Alexei Lapkin. 2015. “Continuous Flow Metathesis for Direct Valorization of Food Waste : An Example of Cocoa Butter Triglyceride.” ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING 3 (7): 1453–59.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Schotten, Christiane, Dorota Plaza, Simone Manzini, Steven Nolan, Steven V Ley, Duncan L Browne, and Alexei Lapkin. 2015. “Continuous Flow Metathesis for Direct Valorization of Food Waste : An Example of Cocoa Butter Triglyceride.” ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING 3 (7): 1453–1459.
Vancouver
1.
Schotten C, Plaza D, Manzini S, Nolan S, Ley SV, Browne DL, et al. Continuous flow metathesis for direct valorization of food waste : an example of cocoa butter triglyceride. ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING. 2015;3(7):1453–9.
IEEE
[1]
C. Schotten et al., “Continuous flow metathesis for direct valorization of food waste : an example of cocoa butter triglyceride,” ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 1453–1459, 2015.
@article{8168298,
  abstract     = {The direct chemical conversion of cocoa butter triglycerides, a material available as a postmanufacture waste stream from the food industry, to 1-decene by way of ethenolysis is reported. The conversion of the raw waste material was made possible by use of 1 mol % of the [RuCl2(iBu-phoban)(2)(3-phenylindenyl] catalyst. The process has been investigated in both batch and flow conditions, where the latter approach employs a Teflon AF-2400 tube-in-tube gas liquid membrane contactor to deliver ethylene to the reaction system. These preliminary studies culminate in a continuous processing system, which maintained a constant output over a 150 min period tested.},
  author       = {Schotten, Christiane and Plaza, Dorota and Manzini, Simone and Nolan, Steven and Ley, Steven V and Browne, Duncan L and Lapkin, Alexei},
  issn         = {2168-0485},
  journal      = {ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING},
  keywords     = {Food waste,Valorization,Metathesis,Triglycerides,Green chemistry,Flow chemistry,IN-TUBE REACTOR,OLEFIN-METATHESIS,METHYL OLEATE,LINE TITRATIONS,GASEOUS AMMONIA,FINE CHEMICALS,CATALYSTS,OIL,ETHYLENE,OLEOCHEMISTRY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1453--1459},
  title        = {Continuous flow metathesis for direct valorization of food waste : an example of cocoa butter triglyceride},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.5b00392},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2015},
}

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