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Understanding smallholder farming systems for food security in Burundi

(2016)
Author
Promoter
(UGent) , (UGent) and Jos Van Orshoven
Organization
Abstract
While food demand continues to increase as a result of high population growth, declining land availability has led to high rate of rural poverty and food insecurity in Burundi. An analysis of the scope for improved rural livelihoods and households’ living conditions on small-scale farms was made in this study. The main goal was to gain understanding on the country’s agrarian systems and to identify possible trajectories that could increase both land and labour productivity, and ultimately improve households’ food security and welfare. Five data sources were used to assess the evolution in farming systems in order to capture the actual facts and possibilities for improvement. Finally, a household model which optimises resources use, farm practices and activity choices as to achieve household food security in a context of subsistence farming was developed and applied. Farming trajectories, which can lead to a more sustainable agricultural production, were identified. The results show that agricultural sector remains the engine for the country’s economic growth. Possibilities for economic growth are more grounded in sustainable agricultural intensification in small scale farms. This can increase the agricultural spill over effects in catalysing a more successful transformation toward non-farm sector employment.
Keywords
Burundi, food security, intensification, farming systems, smallholder

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Niragira, Sanctus. Understanding Smallholder Farming Systems for Food Security in Burundi. Ghent University. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, 2016.
APA
Niragira, S. (2016). Understanding smallholder farming systems for food security in Burundi. Ghent University. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent, Belgium.
Chicago author-date
Niragira, Sanctus. 2016. “Understanding Smallholder Farming Systems for Food Security in Burundi.” Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Niragira, Sanctus. 2016. “Understanding Smallholder Farming Systems for Food Security in Burundi.” Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering.
Vancouver
1.
Niragira S. Understanding smallholder farming systems for food security in Burundi. [Ghent, Belgium]: Ghent University. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering; 2016.
IEEE
[1]
S. Niragira, “Understanding smallholder farming systems for food security in Burundi,” Ghent University. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent, Belgium, 2016.
@phdthesis{8165916,
  abstract     = {While food demand continues to increase as a result of high population growth, declining land availability has led to high rate of rural poverty and food insecurity in Burundi. An analysis of the scope for improved rural livelihoods and households’ living conditions on small-scale farms was made in this study. The main goal was to gain understanding on the country’s agrarian systems and to identify possible trajectories that could increase both land and labour productivity, and ultimately improve households’ food security and welfare. Five data sources were used to assess the evolution in farming systems in order to capture the actual facts and possibilities for improvement. Finally, a household model which optimises resources use, farm practices and activity choices as to achieve household food security in a context of subsistence farming was developed and applied.  Farming trajectories, which can lead to a more sustainable agricultural production, were identified. The results show that agricultural sector remains the engine for the country’s economic growth. Possibilities for economic growth are more grounded in sustainable agricultural intensification in small scale farms. This can increase the agricultural spill over effects in catalysing a more successful transformation toward non-farm sector employment.},
  author       = {Niragira, Sanctus},
  isbn         = {9789059899452},
  keywords     = {Burundi,food security,intensification,farming systems,smallholder},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {XVIII, 194},
  publisher    = {Ghent University. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering},
  school       = {Ghent University},
  title        = {Understanding smallholder farming systems for food security in Burundi},
  year         = {2016},
}