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Impact of parity on bone metabolism throughout the reproductive cycle in sows

Miriam MJ van Riet (UGent) , Sam Millet (UGent) , A Liesegang, Elena Nalon (UGent) , Bart Ampe (UGent) , Frank Tuyttens (UGent) , Dominiek Maes (UGent) and Geert Janssens (UGent)
(2016) ANIMAL. 10(10). p.1714-1721
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Abstract
Bone metabolism fluctuates throughout the reproductive cycle of sows to enable foetal growth and milk production. Although increased bone mineralisation is conceivable in sows during reproduction, a study of mineralisation in function of parity has not been performed. This study evaluated the fluctuations of markers for bone metabolism in primiparous and multiparous sows throughout a reproductive cycle. The experiment included ten multiparous and five primiparous commercial hybrid sows from one herd. The sows were monitored for one reproductive cycle and fed according to commercial dietary standards. Blood samples were taken in the morning before feeding at fixed time intervals before (day -5) and during gestation (insemination (day 0), 21, 42, 63, 84), around parturition (day 108, 112, parturition (115), 118), and during lactation (day 122, 129, 143). Serum osteocalcin (OC) concentration increased in early and mid-gestation (P=0.002) and decreased at the end of gestation (P=0.001), whereas crosslaps (CTX) concentration decreased during early and mid-gestation (P=0.002) and increased towards the end of gestation (P=0.001). Towards the end of lactation serum levels of both markers increased (P=0.007 and 0.013, respectively). For hydroxyproline (HYP) no significant fluctuation in function of the reproductive cycle was detected. Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) concentration increased towards parturition for both primiparous and multiparous sows (P=0.001), whereas during lactation no significant fluctuations in function of the reproductive cycle were found. A parity effect was found for OC and CTX (P<0.010), but not for the other markers. These results demonstrate that bone metabolism differed between primiparous and multiparous sows, although in both groups a similar fluctuation throughout the reproductive cycle was observed.
Keywords
bone mineralisation, bone markers, sow, osteocalcin, crosslaps, ALKALINE-PHOSPHATASE ACTIVITY, DAIRY-COWS, SUBCHONDRAL BONE, URINARY HYDROXYPROLINE, BIOCHEMICAL MARKERS, TRABECULAR BONE, HOLSTEIN COWS, DRY PERIOD, VITAMIN-D, LACTATION

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Chicago
van Riet, Miriam MJ, Sam Millet, A Liesegang, Elena Nalon, Bart Ampe, Frank Tuyttens, Dominiek Maes, and Geert Janssens. 2016. “Impact of Parity on Bone Metabolism Throughout the Reproductive Cycle in Sows.” Animal 10 (10): 1714–1721.
APA
van Riet, M. M., Millet, S., Liesegang, A., Nalon, E., Ampe, B., Tuyttens, F., Maes, D., et al. (2016). Impact of parity on bone metabolism throughout the reproductive cycle in sows. ANIMAL, 10(10), 1714–1721.
Vancouver
1.
van Riet MM, Millet S, Liesegang A, Nalon E, Ampe B, Tuyttens F, et al. Impact of parity on bone metabolism throughout the reproductive cycle in sows. ANIMAL. 2016;10(10):1714–21.
MLA
van Riet, Miriam MJ, Sam Millet, A Liesegang, et al. “Impact of Parity on Bone Metabolism Throughout the Reproductive Cycle in Sows.” ANIMAL 10.10 (2016): 1714–1721. Print.
@article{8164966,
  abstract     = {Bone metabolism fluctuates throughout the reproductive cycle of sows to enable foetal growth and milk production. Although increased bone mineralisation is conceivable in sows during reproduction, a study of mineralisation in function of parity has not been performed. This study evaluated the fluctuations of markers for bone metabolism in primiparous and multiparous sows throughout a reproductive cycle. The experiment included ten multiparous and five primiparous commercial hybrid sows from one herd. The sows were monitored for one reproductive cycle and fed according to commercial dietary standards. Blood samples were taken in the morning before feeding at fixed time intervals before (day -5) and during gestation (insemination (day 0), 21, 42, 63, 84), around parturition (day 108, 112, parturition (115), 118), and during lactation (day 122, 129, 143). Serum osteocalcin (OC) concentration increased in early and mid-gestation (P=0.002) and decreased at the end of gestation (P=0.001), whereas crosslaps (CTX) concentration decreased during early and mid-gestation (P=0.002) and increased towards the end of gestation (P=0.001). Towards the end of lactation serum levels of both markers increased (P=0.007 and 0.013, respectively). For hydroxyproline (HYP) no significant fluctuation in function of the reproductive cycle was detected. Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) concentration increased towards parturition for both primiparous and multiparous sows (P=0.001), whereas during lactation no significant fluctuations in function of the reproductive cycle were found. A parity effect was found for OC and CTX (P{\textlangle}0.010), but not for the other markers. These results demonstrate that bone metabolism differed between primiparous and multiparous sows, although in both groups a similar fluctuation throughout the reproductive cycle was observed.},
  author       = {van Riet, Miriam MJ and Millet, Sam and Liesegang, A and Nalon, Elena and Ampe, Bart and Tuyttens, Frank and Maes, Dominiek and Janssens, Geert},
  issn         = {1751-7311},
  journal      = {ANIMAL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {1714--1721},
  title        = {Impact of parity on bone metabolism throughout the reproductive cycle in sows},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1751731116000471},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2016},
}

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